Shift in research methodology preferences thesis
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Case studies are essentially external thorough investigations associated with an individual, group or an institution. (MODULE R14. QUALITATIVE RESEARCH) As a method that enables the researcher to discover and explore variables and factors that each individual case study reveals – and this consequently adds to the general perception and understanding of the subject or issue under research. Case studies also differ from more statistical and quantifiable methods of request in that “the focus of attention is the person case rather than the whole populace of cases” (MODULE R14. QUALITATIVE RESEARCH).
From an even more philosophical standpoint, the case examine is more open-ended and less influenced by a research method that concentrate on a limited or “bounded program. ” A central element of this method is that content and case studies have particular benefit of focusing on any kind of system or issue in its natural context or habitat. (MODULE R14. QUALITATIVE RESEARCH)
The case examine method may be effectively used in the following situation. An aged diabetic features problems with his diet which is related to a lack of knowledge and information. These issues are also linked to the problem of your inadequate support system. Because has been referred to, diet is an important aspect of self-management. “Diet and exercise will be the cornerstones of diabetic treatment at all ages” ( Wallace).
The research problem that might be put forward in this case should be to what degree are a person’s dietary and management challenges related to numerous social and external issues and factors, such as the interaction between the support system and an adequate understanding base? These types of and other factors are all related and impinge on the comprehension of the problems which the elderly individual may be encountering.
In this case a quantitative study methodology will only be in a position to reveal a few the variables and their interrelationships and may possibly not show the more delicate linkages together. On the other hand, an instance study approach would be a more efficient and ideal methodology to implement inside the attempt to be familiar with interaction of variables that may effect the management with the problem in terms of comprehending the individual circumstance in all its fine detail. As one examine using this method found, “some patients experienced undersupported. inch The study likewise suggests that by using the case study technique one is able to ” examine in more detail the interactions between someones appetite pertaining to knowledge, all their actual understanding, and their satisfaction with knowledge levels” (Abbott and Gunnell, 2004).
three or more. 4. Ethnographic and postmodern approaches
A modern trend is definitely the “postmodern “interpretation of health care. The term postmodern is a complicated and much debated term, a discussion of which can be outside the guidelines of this conventional paper. Simplistically mentioned, the postmodern approach pertains most commonly into a wide-ranging ‘deconstruction’ or revolutionary analytic revendication of the way those sociable norms, values and ‘master narratives’ build the world in which we live. The deconstructive aspect of postmodernism is the make an attempt to unravel the layers of bias and prejudice that obscure a view of reality.
Regarding the present conversation on management and the older diabetic person, the most appropriate qualitative method to 2 the ethnographic method. In a postmodern context the administration of the diabetic patient should be examined from the point-of-view of the hidden biases and presuppositions that might be active and that might impede satisfactory management methods and types of procedures. The question that might be asked in this research circumstance is as follows: is the watch of the seniors diabetic sufferer affected in just about any negative sense by presuppositions and biases that are not blatantly obvious? In other words, the largest context must be taken into account.
The ethnographic approach refers to a from of intensive and participatory study that targets “the sociology of meaning through close field statement of sociocultural phenomena” ( Young, 2004). Typical ethnographic research handles an investigation in the community and sometimes the specialist enters in to the community as being a participant in order to gain an understanding in the social elements and parameters in play.
Using the ethnographic model of qualitative research the researcher may interrogate and investigate the social and psychological circumstance of the seniors diabetic affected person, particularly inside the institutional environment. This method is considered the most appropriate to use when you will discover wider worries that entail a total comprehension of the overall cultural and ethnic context that affects any kind of management decisions and protocols.
An interesting analyze that illustrates aspects of this kind of qualitative method is, Happen to be we stereotyping our aged patients? By simply Maggie Youthful (2004). Small addresses problem of ageism and the way that registered nurse and staff may be guilty of various kinds of discrimination that adversely influence patient treatment and managing.
The research by Young requires four case studies and located that in all of the cases there have been indications of discrimination and ageism towards the elderly diabetics; which were known to challenge not only the standard of the treatment and management although also the patients sense of self-worth and id.
The situations all concerned elderly patients with diabetes who had been “. allocated by the DSN to group insulin education because of the urgency of starting insulin therapy” ( Young, 2004). In every single instance proof of false assumptions and discrimination were found. ” Every time the DSN’s assumptions regarding the person’s ability to absorb information in a group establishing proved wrong. The case research suggest that the ability to learn new skills is definitely not influenced by simply age or intelligence” ( Young, 2004).
In essence the above study identifies the biases and assumptions that are area of the social framework and which is often a factor in influencing the efficacy in the management and treatment operations of these patients. In this circumstance the case studies are associated with the wider social and institutional circumstance in a wide normative examination. It was found that the thinking of specialist nursing staff could be ‘deconstructed’ and revealed as harboring prejudicial sights and thoughts that would negatively affect treatment. It is also obvious that this wide and interrogative technique is intended to be subjective and it is in essence action of the more limited case study method. Additionally it is obvious that the quantitative strategies would not have the ability to achieve these types of results, which will depend on very subjective immersion inside the environment under study.
To summarize, the above dialogue demonstrates the cost of various qualitative methodologies inside the nursing occupation and in relation to understanding and dealing with diabetic management concerns among the older. What is as well evident is that certain qualitative methods are more appropriate in most situations. For example, the choice of an in-depth interview or a example would depend about factors relating to the aspires and intentions of the analysis. What also needs to be talked about is that oftentimes researchers find that a combination of qualitative and quantitative research methodologies can be extremely successful in understanding and dealing with certain healthcare issues.
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