Feasibility study article 2
The aim of the project is to provide institutional support support through the installation of photocopying equipment units to 2 strategic places inside the campus of ZCSPC that will provide student demands of photocopy materials. Task Benefits: The students of ZCSPC will mainly benefit from the task as well as the institution itself coming from additional revenue they can generate through commission. Project Cost: The job requires primary cost of S 100, 000 for it to become operational.
Task Funding: The funds essential to start the project will certainly emanate from your personal expense of an interested proprietor, who is a businessman.
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Contingency Strategy: In the event the task fails since funding operate short, the proponents uses debt funding to health supplement the job cost. An additional potential industry (WMSU-CSM students) had recently been identified by the group in case the project turned to end up being unsuccessful for the examined market. 2. INTRODUCTION A. Nature with the business
Copying is well regarded good business to engage in particular when it is located near or perhaps at an educational institution wherever massive details are worked and needed.
While using presence of photocopying machines, learning is facilitated and able to manage the demand of time, providing the much needed services of reproducing examining materials pertaining to both college students and faculty. The ZCSPC is offering several academic and business course and it is constantly broadening through the years. Copying has been extremely tough for the scholars of this establishment.
They have to go downtown or perhaps at WMSU to have their particular materials photocopied. This is because the only service available inside the campus provides poor service and performing inefficiently. The institutional support photocopying service is usually to be established to cope with this want. Students will not anymore end up being bothered from the difficulty in reading their elements and going for walks a long length just to avail of the support. B. Qualifications of the examine For many years, the students of ZCSPC experience trouble photocopying the reading materials. There is only 1 available photocopy machine in the campus.
Because of this, the study was created to fill a niche that seems to exist through this particular part of the market. The supporters find it essential to address the necessity to establish an institutional support photocopying in order to bridge that gap which can be beneficial to individuals students that will be getting the services through this study. The study is usually manageable, and then for certain, lucrative. As long as the situation of the existing market continue to be, where school’s policy will never change about regards to private operator of photocopy machines and competition will probably be of level that can be handled.
The study will focus on the viability and profitability but also on factors containing socio-economic effect. The market that purpose this kind of study was developed should be the that you benefit. C. Significance from the study The existence of market demand for photocopying assistance has brought regarding the idea of creating an institutional support copying service. The idea is to supply the students of ZCSPC accessible, quality and inexpensive photocopy service. Deb. Objective with the study
The introduction of this feasibility study is designed in exhibiting a potential business from building an institutional support photocopying service, specifically, the proponent would like: 1 ) To service the market that the study was developed. 2 . Establish the business potentiality of the analyze from the real response with the identified marketplace. 3. With regards to the above items, to total determine the feasibility of putting up institutional support assistance, initially photocopy service. At the. Scope and limitations in the study
The study will be at first limited to the operation of two devices of ordinary photocopy machines at two different ideal location inside the campus of ZCPSC. It intends to demonstrate the predicted returns of the project after two years of operation, along with the financial requirement necessary in operating the said organization. The job will be possessed and managed by a non-public individual within the guidelines of school administration in association with the Committee of Income-Generating project. F. Identification of SWOT (Strength, Weaknesses, Options and Threats
At a different dated declaration and providers of surveys conducted by the group, listed here are identified. Strong points: 1 . The product quality service which could provide by the procurement of brand-new photocopy machine will surely give an advantage to the existing old equipment which is doing inefficiently. Weak points 1 . The unprecedented embrace demand of photocopying services for just two (2) offered machines may well fail to serve the market thinking about the declining utility of devices despite predicted regular protection. Opportunities 1 ) The selected location are viewed as strategic and accessible.
The proponents guarantee proper syndication of support so as to never get congested at maximum transaction hour. 2 . No existing photocopy center situated at the school area of the campus. This indicates that a majority of of college scholar can be a potential market. Threats: 1 . The unexpected boost of the cost of service because of o increase in prices of consumables might force the price of the photocopy to increase disguising a danger in the decrease in market demand. 2 The sudden response of existing competitor to the condition like additional installation of photocopy machines by them.. The increase in the member of competitors can be a very potential threat which will decrease the predicted market share with this study. G. Methodology In determining the feasibility of building an institutional support services, the supporter conducted a random interview and given away survey bed sheet to include the device operators from the existing competition, students of ZCPSC and school’s administration for information bearing towards the studies. The group produced also a proper observation with the location and determined the best site where machines are to be installed.
A canvass within the cost of products and prices of related materials necessary inside the operation had been undertaken. Feasible source of unprocessed trash that offers the least expensive cost had been taken into consideration. 3. THE FEASIBILITY STUDY A. Marketing Factor a. Industry Description The point market intended for the study will probably be high school and college students. It account for more than 90% from the entire human population of college students in the grounds. The data with the market was obtained from the available inhabitants data of the institution shown to the group by the college administration the past five years and current year day as presented below.
Methodical and applicable methods accustomed to approximate predictions of the populace which will primarily give the starting place for the proper market dedication. Below may be the table to get the five years projections. (Table 2) Projected Human population |School 12 months |2005-2006 |2006-2007 |2007-2008 |2008-2009 |2009-2010 | |Projected Population | | | | | | | |2970 |2978 |2985 |2992 |2999 | ¢ For verifications, pls. visit a ¢ Annex B to get computations.
In search of clear recognition of industry, 300 designed survey piece, which in the judgment of the group can provide an adequate sample intended for study had been distributed. The distribution were created to randomly selected 35 high school and 210 university students, taken proportionately based on latest population percentages. These three hundred students have chances of getting selected similarly from a little over a few, 000 scholar population. In other words, a hundred (100) students every one thousand (1000) population. Because the sample provides probability to be selected similarly, the group is confident that the results of stratifying the sample can ideal represent the people. Of the three hundred survey bedding distributed, just 293 possess responded. The survey effects suggest that 84. 98% of the identified human population represents the point market.
While shown previously mentioned, after very careful assessment and stratification, the group conclude that those learners that photocopy inside yet unsatisfied while using service and those who photocopy outside the grounds would what constitute the possible market. b. Character of Demand Photocopying have been really a issue for most students of ZCSPC. A lot of endure the actual poor services of a sole operator within the campus, others go to WMSU or downtown just to photocopy. Such scenario was the actual factor from the idea of creating an institutional support copying service. For individuals who photocopy inside and unfulfilled with the assistance, express their concerns the fact that machines develop blurred photocopied materials which gives difficulty to decipher the written text, thus causing eye limitation and poor reading.
It had been proven by group following examining supplies photocopied as a result machine. It absolutely was also proved by the operator that the machine is experiencing breakdowns and is also frequently becoming repaired. People who patiently walk the extend of ZCPSC to WMSU just to photocopy and those who result in going downtown to stop walking express their complete desire to acquire the assistance, these pupils which comprised of high school and college will be willing and able to spend for photocopy. This is demonstrated from your responses they provide on the study sheets allocated. At least, the average they will spend is usually P22 per month (computed from a weekly basis, refer to Annex C.
From the random interview, besides the survey piece, the group found out that majority of learners in secondary school, don’t have books. Some reveal in one book, others really don’t have. As a result, they photocopy the materials. Others, photocopy notes, recommendations and other origin materials from your library. Because a technical and professional school, college students also use many worksheets because of their course activities which are photocopied in amounts. College students symbolize the biggest share in the market. The services offered by the institutional support is really of help in appointment their needs. Additionally , majority of the respondents, show in the survey sheet the fact that frequent resource materials they photocopy will be manuals and worksheets.
This is a requirement plus they have to photocopy. The group believes in the nature of the demand that a need to create photocopy devices inside the campus must be given thought. c. Projected Demand (Table 4) Projected Demand (in copies) |School Year |2005-2006 |2006-2007 |2007-2008 |2008-2009 |2009-2010 | |Projected Demand | | | | | | | |1, 099, 200 |1, 118, 500 |1, 120, 880 |1, 123, 600 |1, 126, 400 | Refer to Annex D pertaining to computations.
The above projected demand were obtained from series of computation applied at first on the projected population. The stratification process was the basis of 93. 86% potential market probability. Using the typical number of photocopies per college student in a year, which can be 440 clones, the projected demand in unit or perhaps copy for the next five years were extracted. d. Require Analysis The demand was established in the initial declaration and succeeding surveys and interviews promoting such declaration. It is proven from the fact that more pupil of ZCPSC are looking toward have their materials photocopied with the campus.
From the respondents whom photocopy, seventy nine. 18% fades of the grounds to get such assistance. The most likely photocopy center for this marketplace is the nearest feasible location they will fin which is WMSU, or else, they go the downtown area. But the nearby location possible is out of their way that they have to make an effort to reach the place. Moreover, those who photocopy inside and are not satisfied with the support, which accounts for 5. 80% prefer of availing the service when it is made available. The combined percentage of these identified marketplace constitute the prospective market containing potential market of 84. 98% setting up a basis of developing the viability of the research. Refer to Desk 3 to get shown percentage). e. Nature of Source As per confirmation, the grounds of ZCSPC has only one available photocopy machine. This really is situated close to the high school building and is not really immediately visible.
Through interviews, it demonstrates that most of the customers are high school students and rarely do college students get and have their particular materials photocopied. The owner also related that normally they have a gross receipts of P350. 00 a day. This kind of indicate that at P0. 50/copy, they are able to reproduce typically 700 replications daily containing 16800 copies per month or perhaps 168, 000 copies in one school yr or 12 months. farreneheit. Projected Supply Table a few Projected Supply School Season |2005-2006 |2006-2007 |2007-2008 |2008-2009 |2009-2010 | |Projected Supply | | | | | | | |104, 000 |105, 600 |106, 000 |106, 400 |106, 800 | Refer to Annex E. The projected source for the next your five years had been determined using the probability charge from the stratification of the sample data. The 8. 87% referring to individuals who photocopy inside and stratified with the support was used in the projection. (See Annex G and refer to Table 3) g. Source Analysis
The provision data provided by the agent of the photocopy machine is not that accurate that it can be approximately used in projection. It is appropriate if the discharge is made based on statistical data. The survey provide a better measure of the provision because the participants are the consumer itself from the photocopying service in the campus. The 8. 87% charge was used instead of the 14. 68% rate (refer to Table 3). It is because the assumption of the group is that to get the true target market, it is important to consider the motivation of the marketplace to acquire service and part of the offered market will be those who are unsatisfied with the assistance of the existing competitor.
The presence of a demand-supply gap as shown inside the table previously mentioned indicated a potentiality of business. The simple fact that demand exceeds over supply evidently indicates that there are unserved industry. These unserved market would what the group anted to focus on. They are considered the entry point of establishing the imstitutional support photocopying service. h. Pie Graph and or chart The two photocopy machines being procured that happen to be ordinary features photocopying ability of sixteen ppm (pages per min. )The pie chart listed below represents the captured marketplace of the examine over the total market require of those whom photocopy compared to market in the competitors. From the total inhabitants, only 93. 86% acquire photocopy companies, this constitute the total marketplace demand. Industry of the competitors comprises eight. 87% from the total populace or 9% of the total market demand. Our marketplace comprise of 84. 98% of the total human population or 91% of the total market require. ( See Table 3) [pic] M. Competitive Situation
The market discuss can be preserve for the reason that the photocopy machines are situated near commercial establishments inside the campus where the market is captured. The college students which are the bulk of the prospective market will be readily available to these providers. Moreover, newly acquired machines will guarantee improved productivity than a machine that generally seems to look fully depreciated and often experiencing malfunction. k. Program Price The purchase price per photocopy is only S 0. 55 regardless of the size of the bondpaper used. (long or short). The price collection is reasonable enough because the applicable market and competitive price for photocopy services. It will probably be increased simply by 10% annually in anticipation of pumpiing. Place
Where the service service will be founded is right inside the campus of Zamboanga Town State Polytechnic College. Because of this, the students getting target market will not have difficulty in interacting with the services presented. The location is considered to be strategic to get the target industry will no longer seem outside the campus for a great available photocopying machine. The machines are srategically placed near the college and senior high school buildings, to ensure that students may have easier use of avail such photocopy services. Promotion The way of promoting the services presented will be through posting an indication which says “XEROX-P0. 50 on the wall surfaces where the organization will run.
Bold enough and so that passersby including the target market can easily find the services facility. Word-of-mouth is another way of promoting the business established. Item As a service-oriented business, the merchandise involved can be described as service-related 1. Photocopying can be described as fast and economical technique of printing lectures/lessons especially for educational institutions such as the ZCSPC. It is therefore the aim of the company to provide quality services. Top quality service with the product can be defined as quickly and available service, quality or clear copy, and service with a smile.
Recruiting Programs Growing of information upon job selecting will be manufactured through person to person. A desired sign proclaiming the empty positions & qualifications required will be submitted to the location with the business by itself. Interviews of applicants will probably be headed by the owner himself. e. Training course Training around the operation with the machine pertaining to newly-hired equipment operators will be conducted by supplier in the photocopying machine. They will be taught on how to run the equipment. Opportunity similar to this will be snapped up by the company. f. Compensation Package Pertaining to newly-hired equipment operators, they shall be given an initial salary of P 70. 0/day or P 920/month (P80 times 24 days), which is the regular wage regardless of # of copies imprinted. However , this amount will be increased by simply P10 each year. g. Perimeter Benefits A P15 transportation allowance is likewise granted towards the machine providers, regardless for the distance in the business from their residence.
This will also be improved by P5 annually. h. Working Hours/Office Hours The working hours start at 8: 00 in the morning until 5: 00 in the evening. The operation will be 6 days a week- Monday to Saturdays. Lunchbreak of every operator varies in a way that a single operator starts off her break at 11 a. m. to 12 noon as the other a single starts for 12: 00 noon ” to 1: 00 p. m. o that at least one machine will be available every throughout the day. t. Business Policies 1 . Equipment operators should always keep their very own working region clean. installment payments on your They are held accountable for the payments received from consumers. 3. Most receipts must be turned to the owner all in all. A meter reading will be done at the end of the day to match the receipts built up for the day. Any kind of discrepancies with out valid reason will be charged to the operator in control. 4. The photocopying providers are offered over a cash basis. C. Technical Aspect a. Product Explanation The institutional photocopying support service is a service focused business. The product offered is photocopying services.
It is called xenography which is a printing method used specifically by educational institution, offices and other areas where fast and economical technique of printing components are involved. At present, as the world moves around information, photocopying service performs an important part. Through this kind of advancement, suggestions and info will conveniently be propagate not only in educational institutions but as well to many other places in the world. b. Machinery and Equipment Photocopying machines are the type of equipment that will be generally and exclusively used in featuring the service. The machine manufacturer is SAVIN. It is an orinary photocopying machine that uses liquid printer ink and very low printing velocity capacity of 16 ppm. Together with these machines are consumables.
Seline Drum plus the Toner would be the main consumables attached to these machines. Very low life of fifty, 000 copies and 6, 000 clones respectivley. The appliance itself offers life of 7-8 years under normal conditions. In addition there are minor replaceable spare parts which will accordingly included normally for the cost every copy. The group haven’t identified but which spare parts those will be and decided to charged it as period cost underneath Repairs and Maintenance. As it does not increase the useful life nor boost performance output exceeding original defined functionality. If main parts are to be replaced plus the need to cash in such expense arise, after that that will contact form part of the expense of the machine in the future.
The power ingestion of the machine has estimated cost of P0. 50 per copy. The strength consumption cost will be cured as merchandise cost, since prevailing take care of such cost is product price. The machines can be bought by P30, 000-P35, 000 depending on brand and quality (the capacity and other factors). These are generally to be acquired at either CJ Corporations or Fuji XEROX Phils. Inc. located at San Jose Road and Experts Avenue, respectively. Initially, the group planned to start the business enterprise with two (2) machines on operations. From the presented capacity of 16 ppm (pages per min. ). It can satisfy the yearly need more than enough in an 8 hour ran to get both devices.
Desk with built in case is in which the photocopying equipment will be established upon. A built-in cabinet will be used by operator in storing the consumables and supplies such as the bondpaper, toner (ink), stapler and basic piece wire, calculator, etc . A part of the cabinet will also be utilized to store the money from the sale of photocopy assistance. The storage compartments must have essential locks to guard the property. c. Organization Location The service service will be situated along R. T. Lim Boulevard, Z .. C. in the campus of Zamboanga Town State Polytechnic College. The canteen especially is the genuine place the place that the photocopy organization will be set up.
One of the machineries will be put into the canteen near the college or university area while the other is on the other canteen near the senior high school area and education office. The target market can now be quickly accessed which makes the location an organized one to get service operations like the copying business. The location may create a problem to get the delivery of consumables from the suppliers, however , this can be solved by simply stocking on materials consumables ensuring that there is continuous functions all during and avoid postpone brought about by not available supplies. Like a small-scale business, the owner himself will be responsible on the purchase of the needed consumables. deb. Plant Location [pic] electronic. Location Map [pic] f. Building and Facilities
In the canteen the place that the photocopy business will be positioned, a empty space can be bought wherein the college specifically the Income Producing Project Panel is willing to let it sit on by interested parties who plan/want to work. A rental charge will not be charged but rather the school will only get a commission from your revenue in the business. The canteen is merely a one-story building. Part of the place has already been occupied by the food-related business. The empty space which will be provided for all of us will account for 1/4 with the entire space. No further improvement will be necessary. The place is preparing to be filled anytime. g. Supplies & Consumables
The expense of services entail the cost of consumables that are utilization in the overall performance of photocopying service. Bondpaper, Toner which will consists of Dispersant and Focus, and Seline Drum Bondpaper is one of the supplies needed in producing a printed copy. Both long and short bondpaper are used, which in turn largely depend on the needs of the consumers. The sizing of the very long bondpaper is 8? times 13 ins while the sizing of the brief one is 81/2 x 10 inches. These kinds of will be purchased from Combined Paper House Sachi manufacturer with a material of sixteen is recommended. One ream of bondpaper cost L 93. 60 per five-hundred pieces to get short bondpaper and P 104. 60 per five-hundred pieces to get long bondpaper.
Toner which can be the liquefied ink comes in two forms. It has precisely what is called dispersant and concentrate. These are mix in a 3: 1 rate to come up with the ink to be use in the machine. The dispersant is the black substance bought in l at an expense of S 125. 00 per liters. This is mix with the carbamide peroxide gel like compound called the concentrate which may be bought in box by P125. 00 per container. This toner is make use of for 5-6 thousand (‘000) printed clones depending in the adjustment of the operator for the toner. Yet , since the organization looks in front of delivering top quality service, the operators are advised to have the toner adjusted within a level that could produce crystal clear and quality print around the Xeroxed elements.
Another consumable is the Seline Drum. It is the structure that looks like a movie metal under the roller stainlesss steel that comes back and out while photocopying is done. It has a life of fifty, 000 copies on average and is also replaced soon after. It can be discovered at P3, 500 per drum. These consumables can be obtained by FUJI Phils., Inc. or CJ Corporations which are duplicate centers and distributor of clear and ordinary photocopy machines. It is estimated that prices of the consumables raises in the near future offered our present economic condition. United Conventional paper House, since the main method to obtain bondpaper guarantees that supply will be on a regular basis.
Yet , when unanticipated events occur, wherein the provision of bondpaper from the mentioned supplier is definitely not possible, an additional source will probably be sought in order not to affect the operation in the business. they would. Utilities Based on the interview conducted by group, the electricity usage is cared for as product cost where estimated knowledge rate can be P0. 02/copy. This information in rate through the operators of ordinary photocopy machines was obtained from this monthly electrical bill declaration which was divided by their regular monthly photocopied replications produced based on meter blood pressure measurements that accumulates the number of copies that had been photocopied. The electrical energy will only be utilized when a person from the marketplace photocopies in support of on that time the machine will be operated.
It really is fro this reason, hat electricity ingestion is based on the amount of photocopies. my spouse and i. Waste Disposal A photocopying organization does not include much waste/garbage to get rid. Waste consist of only of bondpapers with defective producing, the plastic-type material ream of bondpapers, textbox of the dispersant, and seline drum. Spend papers can be reused since scratch conventional paper, or to check if the photocopy machine is definitely working. It can also be used by the canteen to get whatever goal it may provide them. Printer ink must not be thrown away. The box of the ink must be drained before it really is being disposed of. The seline drum might be turned to the duplicate center or be got rid of.