Dual Credit Programs Composition

Excerpt from Essay:

Dual credit rating programs have been around for decades, allowing a large body of evidence to emerge. The evidence from the past twenty years have also permitted longitudinal studies that reveal the efficacy of dual credit programs in promoting models for peace in higher education. Dual credit courses are executed differently in different states. System feature range and results from empirical books also allows the body of materials to inform guidelines for operations, management, and program evaluation in Hawaii islands. Themes inside the literature include a historical overview showcasing the practically indisputable evidence supporting dual credit programs, with recent literature trending toward specific aspects of program style, implementation, and assessment. Various other trends range from the ability of dual credit rating programs in promoting equity throughout the promotion of minority college students in advanced schooling and to boost the representation of minority college students and faculty in institutes better learning. The literature, especially focused on Hawaii islands, shows just how some dual credit programs may be failing to reach targets due to deficiencies in supports for young students during their important transition from high school to school. Implications to get future study are also protected in the literary works. Major styles in the books are the following.

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General Support for Dual Credit Applications

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The literature overall indicates strong support for dual credit programs since they have grown to be more popular (Marshall Andrews, 2002, p. 237). In states just like Illinois, dual credit programs have paralleled legislation designed to promote cultural justice and advocacy in education (Andrews, 2001). Since the late nineties, official and formal actions of dual credit software outcomes have taken into account pupil and father or mother reactions and perceptions, and those coming from educators and administrators (Marshall Andrews, 2002). The literature on dual credit courses also displays the need to participate community organizations and the press in promoting dual credit within a positive light, which elevates awareness and increases parental involvement in student education too (Andrews, 2001). A holistic approach to dual credit courses has elicited substantial general support for the integration of these programs within a states educational system (Andrews, 2011; Tobolowsky Allen, 2016).

Leadership can be described as key to rendering the strength and institutional support path ways for dual credit course options. Literary works also reveals how dual credit courses have globally been state-driven initiatives in postsecondary reform, indicating the fusion of educational philosophies and educational procedures (Walsh, Brake pedal Choi, june 2006, p. 199). While government funding is critical, state-driven support for dual credit applications remains the most important source of income and philosophical support (Tobolowsky Allen, 2016). Increased collaboration and official strategic relationships between open public school systems and colleges and universities of all types have also been the cornerstone of dual credit rating programs, which may just as easily make been associated more to the private sector (Walsh, Braking system Choi, 2005). While each state deals with the funding for dual credit courses differently, and offers different types of financial aid options, bodily literature implies that the most crucial elements regarding state and federal support include educational costs support, reimbursement for transport and ebooks, and need-based aid (Tobolowsky Allen, 2016). Therefore , there is certainly great general opinion in the materials related to the genesis and orientation of dual credit programs as being driven by top-down practices in government and educational management. Future research will expose ways of improving the efficacy of ideal partnerships.

Aim of Increasing Registration

Another overarching theme inside the literature is related to the ways dual credit applications almost instantly result in increased enrollment in colleges and universities among underserved populations. In fact , increasing enrollment rates in colleges and universities is known as a stated objective in dual credit plan development on the state level. The Andrews (2001) exploration on Illinois is one of the initial studies to document registration trends in a single state, together with the Welsh, Braking system Choi (2005) research around the state of Kentucky likewise using organic data to indicate the successful integration of educational plan and practice: to help establishments meet the states reform goals for get and achievements in higher education, (p. 199). Similarly, the Chatman Smith (1998) analysis shows just how dual credit rating programs are linked with a number of measurable results both at the student as well as the administrative level. Overall, in that case, the research continues to be promising demonstrating that involvement in these programs is a solid predictor of student registration in and completion of university education (Hoffman, Vargas Santos, 2009, g. 44).

Research conclusively demonstrates the relationship between dual credit rating program participation and enrollments in community colleges, colleges, and educational institutions, which in turn facilitates state funding due to the capacity for the programs to meet their stated objectives. State-specific data demonstrates 81% an excellent source of school participants in The hawaiian islands who have dual credits enroll in college, in comparison with 52% who also do not (Lee, 2016). A related aim in promoting dual credit courses is to increase college and university enrollment mainly between underserved and underrepresented scholar populations: which borne in empirical research. Economically deprived students stand to benefit the most coming from Dual Enrollment/Early College, gonna college at almost double the rate with their counterparts without dual credit rating (Trifonovitch, 2017). As Lee (2016) also points out, economically disadvantaged pupils with dual credits be in college for a longer time and have bigger college completion rates, as well.

Administrative Results

In fact , a significant theme inside the literature is definitely linked to the positive administrative outcomes associated with dual credit applications. Chatman Smith (1998) present how dual credit courses actually improve financial management practices in the states in which they can be implemented, allowing for public universities and state-supported institutions better learning to better align all their educational programs with their financial constraints. Through ideal partnerships, most educational institutions can easily participate in reasonable and powerful resource allowance, human resources development, and opportunities for improving the state economic climate through improvements to the business and labor markets (Chatman Smith, 1998). Only a few catalogs have been one of them literature review, one of which can be Fincher-Fords (1996) preliminary assessment of dual credit applications. The Fincher-Ford (1996) materials is a key component for setting out measurement and assessment methods that point out boards of education include subsequently included into their procedures standards. Operational and administrative issues happen to be evenly covered in the last a lot of decades worth of literary works on how to best design dual credit courses. Structural and funding concerns are covered in the materials, showing that strategic relationships formed between the public and sector, and in addition between government and nongovernmental non-profit businesses is key. For example , high profile funders like the Bill and Melinda Gates Basis provide significant support pertaining to Dual Enrollment and Early on College, and funding might also be derived from related organizations (Hoffman, Vargas Santos, 2009).

Awareness of Dual Credit

A fascinating trend in the literature has become research examining student perceptions and opinions on their experience with dual credit courses. The research uses methods like self-report procedures detailing pupil educational and career aspirations. For example , the Smith (2007) research surveyed hundreds of Kansas high school students from rural areas. Focus on countryside populations is important in the books on dual credit programs because rural students will be traditionally underserved. The outcomes of the Johnson (2007) exploration show guaranteeing results which has a significant and positive relationship between the courses and educational aspirations (p. 371). Research in student awareness of dual credit applications also includes studies showing how these programs have increased the self-efficacy of high university juniors and seniors by a critical point in their educational careers. For example, the Andrews (2004) study indicates that whereas high school students that did not have access to these kinds of programs might express bleak attitudes and pessimistic awareness of their educational future, people who do have access to dual credit options discover educational and career desired goals with confidence and determination to have success. The Ozmun (2013) examine is even more instrumental in showing the directionality in the relationship among dual credit programs and student self-efficacy: students with higher self-efficacy were not necessarily more enthusiastic or vulnerable to enrollment in dual credit programs, whereas those who signed up for dual-credit applications did exhibit a higher amount of self-efficacy.

Exploration on mentor perceptions of dual credit rating programs is much less conclusive than research on student perceptions. Some exploration shows that teachers in both high school and college have mixed or perhaps ambivalent perceptions on dual credit applications. The most bad attitudes have been indicated in surveys of school instructors who expressed their very own disdain intended for teaching kids they regarded as being ill prepared (Tobolowsky Allen, 2016, p. 40). Research also shows these types of perceptions may be changed through teacher development (Andrews, 2004; Bailey Karp, 2003, Johnson, 2007).

Retention Rates

Whilst an abundance of study publications show off the encouraging and direct causal romance between dual credit applications and matriculation rates in colleges and universities, significantly less research discloses the impact in retention rates. A major factor promoting foreseeable future research into how to better design, put into practice, and examine dual

Excerpt from Essay:

Dual credit rating programs have been around for decades, allowing a big body of evidence to emerge. The evidence from the past twenty years also have permitted longitudinal studies that reveal the efficacy of dual credit programs in promoting models for peace in higher education. Dual credit courses are carried out differently in various states. Program feature diversity and comes from empirical literary works also lets the body of books to inform guidelines for supervision, management, and program assessment in Beautiful hawaii. Themes in the literature incorporate a historical review showcasing the practically palmario evidence supporting dual credit programs, with recent books trending to specific components of program design, implementation, and assessment. Additional trends range from the ability of dual credit rating programs in promoting equity through the promotion of minority pupils in degree and to raise the representation of minority pupils and faculty in institutes of higher learning. The literature, especially focused on The hawaiian islands, shows how some dual credit applications may be faltering to reach objectives due to deficiencies in supports for individuals during their important transition by high school to school. Implications pertaining to future analysis are also protected in the literary works. Major developments in the materials are the following.

General Support for Dual Credit Programs

The literature overall shows strong support for dual credit courses since they are becoming more commonplace (Marshall Andrews, 2002, g. 237). In states like Illinois, dual credit programs have paralleled legislation built to promote cultural justice and advocacy in education (Andrews, 2001). Since the late 1990s, official and formal procedures of dual credit plan outcomes have taken into account college student and father or mother reactions and perceptions, as well as those from educators and administrators (Marshall Andrews, 2002). The literary works on dual credit programs also shows the need to participate community agencies and the mass media in promoting dual credit in a positive mild, which increases awareness and increases parent involvement in student education too (Andrews, 2001). An alternative approach to dual credit programs has elicited substantial standard support for the integration of such programs within a states educational system (Andrews, 2011; Tobolowsky Allen, 2016).

Leadership is known as a key to featuring the structural and institutional support pathways for dual credit training course options. Books also reveals how dual credit programs have universally been state-driven initiatives in postsecondary change, indicating the fusion of educational philosophies and educational procedures (Walsh, Brake pedal Choi, june 2006, p. 199). While federal funding is critical, state-driven support for dual credit applications remains the most crucial source of income and philosophical support (Tobolowsky Allen, 2016). Increased collaboration and formalized strategic partnerships between community school systems and colleges and universities of all types have also been the cornerstone of dual credit rating programs, that could just as easily make been associated more to the private sector (Walsh, Braking mechanism Choi, 2005). While every single state handles the financing for dual credit programs differently, while offering different types of financial aid options, the body of literature demonstrates the most critical elements regarding state and federal support include expenses support, compensation for vehicles and catalogs, and need-based aid (Tobolowsky Allen, 2016). Therefore , there exists great opinion in the literature related to the genesis and orientation of dual credit programs as being driven by top-down procedures in federal government and educational management. Future study will reveal ways of enhancing the efficiency of tactical partnerships.

Aim of Increasing Registration

Another overarching theme in the literature is related to the ways dual credit courses almost instantly lead to increased enrollment in colleges and universities among underserved populations. Actually increasing enrollment rates in colleges and universities is actually a stated goal in dual credit system development on the state level. The Andrews (2001) analysis on Illinois is one of the initial studies to document enrollment trends within a state, together with the Welsh, Braking system Choi (2005) research around the state of Kentucky also using uncooked data to indicate the powerful integration of educational insurance plan and practice: to help organizations meet the claims reform goals for gain access to and accomplishment in higher education, (p. 199). Similarly, the Chatman Smith (1998) analysis shows how dual credit programs are linked with numerous measurable outcomes both on the student and the administrative level. Overall, after that, the research has been promising showing that contribution in these programs is a good predictor of student enrollment in and completion of college education (Hoffman, Vargas Santos, 2009, g. 44).

Exploration conclusively displays the relationship between dual credit rating program contribution and enrollments in community colleges, universities, and colleges, which in turn helps state funding due to the capability for the programs to fulfill their explained objectives. State-specific data shows that 81% of high school graduates in Beautiful hawaii who have dual credits enroll in college, compared with 52% who also do not (Lee, 2016). A related goal in promoting dual credit applications is to increase college and university enrollment mainly between underserved and underrepresented college student populations: which borne in empirical analysis. Economically disadvantaged students stand to advantage the most from Dual Enrollment/Early College, going to college by almost twice the rate with their counterparts without dual credit (Trifonovitch, 2017). As Shelter (2016) also points out, economically disadvantaged pupils with dual credits live in college for a longer time and have larger college achievement rates, as well.

Administrative Outcomes

In fact , a major theme inside the literature can be linked to the positive administrative effects associated with dual credit programs. Chatman Jones (1998) present how dual credit courses actually increase financial management practices in the states in which they can be implemented, enabling public schools and state-supported institutions better learning to better align all their educational courses with their financial constraints. Through proper partnerships, all educational institutions can participate in smart and effective resource allowance, human resources expansion, and chances for bettering the state economy through advancements to the organization and labor markets (Chatman Smith, 1998). Only a few ebooks have been in particular literature review, one of which can be Fincher-Fords (1996) preliminary evaluation of dual credit courses. The Fincher-Ford (1996) materials is a key component for outlining measurement and assessment methods that express boards of education have subsequently designed into their operations standards. Operational and administrative issues will be evenly protected in the last many decades well worth of literary works on how to greatest design dual credit courses. Structural and funding concerns are protected in the literature, showing that strategic partnerships formed involving the public and private sector, and in addition between federal government and nongovernmental non-profit agencies is key. For example , high profile funders like the Expenses and Melinda Gates Base provide significant support intended for Dual Enrollment and Early College, and funding can also be derived from identical organizations (Hoffman, Vargas Santos, 2009).

Awareness of Dual Credit

A fascinating trend in the literature has been research assessing student awareness and thoughts on their encounters with dual credit courses. The research uses methods just like self-report actions detailing student educational and career goals. For example , the Smith (2007) research selected hundreds of Kansas high school students via rural areas. Focus on countryside populations is important in the literary works on dual credit applications because country students happen to be traditionally underserved. The effects of the Johnson (2007) research show promising results having a significant and positive romantic relationship between the applications and educational dreams (p. 371). Research in student awareness of dual credit applications also includes research showing just how these programs have better the self-efficacy of high school juniors and seniors for a critical juncture in their educational careers. For example, the Andrews (2004) study indicates that whereas kids that did not have access to these programs may well express bleak attitudes and pessimistic awareness of their educational future, individuals who do have access to dual credit options recognize educational and career desired goals with confidence and determination to succeed. The Ozmun (2013) study is more instrumental in showing the directionality from the relationship between dual credit rating programs and student self-efficacy: students with higher self-efficacy were not actually more determined or susceptible to enrollment in dual credit rating programs, whereas those who signed up for dual-credit applications did exhibit a higher degree of self-efficacy.

Analysis on instructor perceptions of dual credit programs is less conclusive than research in student perceptions. Some exploration shows that teachers in the two high school and college possess mixed or perhaps ambivalent attitudes on dual credit applications. The most unfavorable attitudes had been indicated in surveys of school instructors who also expressed their very own disdain pertaining to teaching kids they perceived as being sick prepared (Tobolowsky Allen, 2016, p. 40). Research as well shows these types of perceptions can be changed through teacher expansion (Andrews, 2004; Bailey Karp, 2003, Johnson, 2007).

Preservation Rates

While an abundance of study publications highlight the guaranteeing and direct causal relationship between dual credit courses and matriculation rates in colleges and universities, significantly less research shows the impact on retention rates. A major aspect promoting future research in how to better design, put into action, and examine dual

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