The Period of Imitation (1910-1924) Essay
Overview the Period of Imitation By 1919, the UP University Folio released the fictional compositions with the first Philippine writers in English.
We were holding the pioneers in short history writing. These were then groping their approach into imitating American and British types which ended in a stilted, artificial and unnatural style, lacking vitality and impulse. Their types included Longfellow and Hawthorne, Emerson and Thoreau, Wordsworth and Tennyson, Thackeray and Macaulay, Longfellow, Allan Poe, Irving and other American copy writers of the Intimate School. Freelance writers of this lamina included Fernando Maramag (the best editorial writer of this period) Juan F. Salazar, Jose M. Hernandez, Vicente del Fierro, and Francisco M. The african continent and Victoriano Yamzon.
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They pioneered in English poems. ESSAYS The noted essayists of this time were: Carlos P. Romulo, Jorge C. Bocobo, Mauro Mendez, and Vicente Hilario. Their works were truly scholarly seen as sobriety, element and framework. They excelled in the serious essay, particularly the editorial type. The next number of writers presented the simple essay, criticism and the journalistic column.
That they spiced their very own work with wit, wit and satire. These group included Ignacio Manlapaz, Godefredo Arroyo, Federico Mangahas, Francisco N. Icasiano, Rescatador P. Lopez, Jose Lansang and Amando G. Dayrit. SHORT TALES In the field of brief stories, LIFELESS STARS by Paz Marquez Benitez drafted in the early 1920’s stand out as a model of perfection in character delineation, local color, plot and message. Different short reports published during this time period were yet poor unlicensed fakes of their international models.
The UP College Folio was later replaced by the Filipino Collegian. Newspaper publishers and journals also saw print during this period like the Program, the Thailand Herald (1920), the Filipino Review, the Independent, Rising Philippines and Citizens, plus the Philippine Education Magazine the year of 1924. During the first year with the American period, the different languages used in producing were The spanish language and Tagalog and the dialects of the distinct regions, yet Spanish and Tagalog predominated. In 1910, a new group started to compose in English language. Hence, The spanish language, Tagalog, the Vernaculars and finally, English, were the mediums used in materials during these instances.
While the three groups were one out of their concepts and spirit, they differed in their techniques of reporting. The writers in Spanish were wont to write down on nationalism like honoring Rizal and other heroes. The writers in Tagalog extended in their lamentations on the circumstances of the country and their tries to excite love to get one’s native tongue. The writers in English imitated the designs and ways of the Americans.
A. Books in Spanish The creativity of our Filipino writers in Spanish was Rizal not simply because of his being a nationwide leader but also due to his novels NOLI and FILI. Those two novels covered the best features of a new ever created, in The english language or in Filipino. Individuals who were encouraged to write in praise of him were Cecilio Apostol, Fernando Mother. Guerrero, Christ Balmori, Manuel Bernabe and Claro Meters.
Recto. CECILIO APOSTOL Cecilio Apostol published poems dedicated to Rizal, Jacinto, Mabini and all other heroes but his poem dedicated to Rizal is considered the best composition in reward of the leading man of Bagumbayan. FERNANDO MUM. GUERRERO It can be believed that Fernando Mum. Guerrero distributed to Apostol the reign inside the balagtasan in Spanish during their time.
He also dedicated a poem to Rizal but he collected the best of his poems in a book called CRISALIDAS, meaning, a kind of dark, wooly caterpillar. Here are a few stanzas of his call to Rizal which he wrote on Summer 19, 1901 to remember Rizal’s birthday. JESUS BALMORI Jesus Balmori is well-known for his pen brand of Batikuling. He and Manuel Bernabe participated within a debate on the topic (Remembrance and Forgetfulness). He was elected Poet person Laureate in Spanish besting Manuel Bernabe.
MANUEL BERNABE Manuel Bernabe is a lyric poet plus the fierceness of his nationalistic spirit was unchanged in any topic this individual wrote about. In his controversy with Balmori, he was more attractive to the public because of the modious words this individual used. This individual defended OLVIDO (Forgetfulness). FLUIDO M. RECTO In nobility of speech and theme, Claro M. Recto can easily compare with the other writers of The spanish language. He accumulated his poetry in a book entitled MISERABLE LOS COCOTEROS (Under The Coconut Trees).
Other Writers in Spanish 1 . Adelina Guerrea was the first girl poet inside the Philippines who had been good in The spanish language. She received the Zobel prize in her song El Morada. (The Nest). 2 . Isidro Marpori became famous for his four books entitled Aromas de EnsueГ±o (Scents of Dreams). several. Macario Adriatico wrote of the legend of Mindoro entitle La Extremidad de Salto (The Place of Origin). four. Epifanio de aquellas Santos (known as Don PAnyong).
Having been a good leader and biographer during the whole amount of Spanish materials. 5. Pedro Aunario published the Decalogo del Proteccionismo. B. Filipino Literature FLORANTE AT LAURA of Francisco Balagtas and URBANA AT FELISA of Modesto para Castro became the ideas of the Tagalog writers. Julian Cruz Balmaceda classified 3 kinds of Tagalog poets: We were holding: 1 . Poet of the Heart (Makata ng Puso).
These kinds of included Lope K. Santos, IГ±igo Male impotence. Regalado, Carlos Gatmaitan, Pedro Deogracias de Rosario, Ildefonso Santos, Dilecto V. Hernandez, Nemecio Carabana, and Scar Antonio. 2 . Poets of Life (Makata ng Buhay).
Led by Lope E Santos, Jose Corazon de Jesus, Florentino Collantes, Patricio Mariano, Carlos Garmaitan, and Amado Sixth is v. Hernandez. 3. Poets of the Stage (Makata ng Tanghalan). Led by simply Aurelio Tolentino, Patricio Mariano, Severino Reyes, and Tomas Remigio. Worldwide of brief stories that started to are available in the line Pangsandaliang Libangan (Short-time Leisure) and Dagli (Fast) we discover here what they are called of Lope K. Santos, Patricio Mariano, and Rosauro Almario. Inside the Liwayway Publications, we find Deogracias Rosario, Teodoro Gener, and Cirio H. Panganiban.
Known novelists or biographers were Valeriano Hernandez PeГ±a, Lope K. Santos, IГ±igo Ed. Regalado, Faustino Aguilar, and so forth Here are the autobiographies of some of the authors mentioned: LOPE K. SANTOS Lope K. Santos, a novelist, poet and author, and grammarian covered 3 periods of Tagalog materials American, Japanese and the contemporary period. If Manuel L. Quezon is called the daddy of the National Language, Lope K. Santos is called the daddy of the Countrywide Language Grammar.
He was also called the Apo of the Tagalog writers. BANAAG AT SIKAT was his masterpiece. JOSE CORAZON PARA JESUS Jose Corazon de Jesus is very popularly known as Huseng Batute.
He was also called the Poet person of Love in the time. ANG ISANG PUNONG KAHOY (A TREE), an elegy, is believed to be his masterpiece. AMADO V. HERNANDEZ Amado Versus. Hernandez was dubbed Makata ng mga Manggagawa (Poet of the Laborers) in our literature because he photographs in his composition the intense take pleasure in for poor people worker or laborer.
To him, a poem can be described as scent, bittersweet memories, and a murmur of flowing water. The pen is usually powerful and according to him, a king can be bent by pen. This individual contributed a whole lot of writings to materials like ISANG DIPANG LANGIT (A Stretch out of Heaven), BAYANG MALAYA (A Cost-free Nation), ANG PANDAY (The Blakcsmith), and MUNTING SELAP (A Tiny Plot), although his work of art is ANG PANDAY.
VALERIANO HERNANDEZ PEГ‘A Together with Lope K. Santos he come to the summit of his novel-writing. He was known as Tandang Anong and his pen term was Kuntil Butil (Small Grain). He considers NENA AT NENENG his masterpiece.
IГ‘IGO MALE IMPOTENCE. REGALADO IГ±igo Ed. Divertido was a child of a well-known writer during the Spanish time known as Odalger. He turned out that this individual not only adopted the actions of his father although also come to the peak of his accomplishment by the sumpong (whim) of his dog pen.
He likewise became a well known story-teller, novelist and newspaperman. The Tagalog Drama During the advent of the American period, Severino Reyes and Hermogenes Ilagan started the movements against the moro-moro ( a play on the Spanish struggles against the Muslims) and fought to show those the ideals one can comes from the zarzuela and the straightforward plays. The folks one should keep in mind in the field of composing are the next: 1 . Severino Reyes. Daddy of the Tagalog drama and author in the immortal WALANG SUGAT. installment payments on your Aurelio Tolentino.
The dramatist in who the Kapampangans take pleasure. Included in his writings had been LUHANG TAGALOG, his work of art, and KAHAPON, NGAYONG IN BUKAS that resulted in his incarceration. several. Hermogenes Ilagan. Founded the group CampaГ±a Ilagan that presented a large number of dramas in Central Luzon. 4. Patricio Mariano.
Wrote the novel NINAY and ANAK NG DAGAT (Son of the Sea), his masterpiece. 5. Julian Cruz Balmaceda. Wrote BUNGANGA NG PATING (Shark’s Mouth). This gave him much honor and fame.
The Tagalog Brief Story Two collections of Tagalog testimonies were printed during the American Period. First was the MGA KUWENTONG GINTO (Golden Stories) published in 1936 and %) KUWENTONG GINTO ng 50 BATIKANG KUWENTISTA (50 Golden Reports by 50 Noted Storytellers) in 1939. The 1st was written by Alejandro Abadilla and Clodualdo del Universo that contained the twenty-five best testimonies according to them.
The second was authored by Pedrito Reyes. PAROLANG GINTO (Golden Lantern) and TALAANG BUGHAW (Blue List) of Abadilla became popular during this period. Tagalog Beautifully constructed wording Almost all Tagalog writers through the American Period were able to write beautiful poetry which made it difficult to find the best.
Whether or not poetry articles are as aged as history, poetry even now surfaces with its sweetness, natural beauty, and melody. Other Forms of Literature Listed here are those identified in the field of Ilocano Literature: 1 . Pedro Bukaneg. Father of Ilocano Literature. From call him by his name was extracted the word Bukanegan, which means Balagtasan (a poetic contest) in Ilocano. installment payments on your Claro Caluya.
Prince of Ilocano Poets. Known as poet person and author. 3. Leon Pichay. Referred to as best Bukanegero (from Bukaneg). Also a poet person, novelist, short story copy writer, dramatist and essayist.
Books of the Kapampangans Visayan Materials The following are the top men in Visayan literary works: 1 . Eriberto Gumban. (Father of Visayan Literature). He wrote a zarzuela, moro-moro and a play in Visayan. installment payments on your Magdalena Jalandoni. She devoted her ability to the story.
She had written ANG MGA TUNUK SAN ISA LOS ANGELES BULACLAC.