Improving the mental health healthy way of life

Theoretical Structure, Mental Health, Healthy Food, Teenage life


Excerpt from Article Critique:

Enhancing the Mental Health, Healthful Lifestyle Choices, and Physical Health of Hispanic Children: A Randomized Controlled Pilot Study” by Melnyk and colleagues is actually a reaction to a seldom studied area of teenage health study. Preventing the most common mental wellness disorders and obesity of some of the most dominant health concerns in America today, and Melnyk and associates are aware that the almost all that avoidance needs to come during this vulnerable time of age of puberty. Giving teenagers the tools plus the coping mechanisms and actions that they need in order to develop into healthy adults is absolutely essential for society and for the specialist healthcare industry. This means that it truly is thus essential to engage in determined, focused work to enable such teenagers with useful tools useful to them to become healthy and balanced, active adults. Another aspect that Melnyk and colleagues have dedicated to is the fact that while obesity in young people may be at 17% in America, with Hispanic young adults this number is double, at 34% (2009). “Despite the speedily increasing occurrence and unfavorable health effects associated with obese and mental health problems, hardly any intervention research have been executed with children to improve equally their healthier lifestyles and mental overall health outcomes. Even fewer research have been carried out with Hispanic youth” (Melnyk et al., 2009, s 575). This really is truly serious as being over weight as a adolescent sets 1 up for an adulthood having a vulnerability to even more unfavorable outcomes like heart disease and diabetes. Not only do such things set one on with a short life which has a lower quality lifestyle, such serious conditions place an intense tension on the health care profession as a whole in a very genuine fiscal way. Thus, by selecting this area of focus alone, Melnyk and colleagues are demonstrating they own an acute understanding of the actual pertinent needs of society and of the vulnerable youth adults within that society.

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Theoretical Framework

Instead of originating from a nursing construction, the platform originated from a social savoir background, although a portion with the authors in the study will be nurses. Intellectual behavioral theory was one of the guiding overall principles which in turn influenced the development of COPE method and which usually had a significant influence for the study as a whole. This particular theory believes that one’s thoughts and feelings have a tremendous impact on how one sights the world and one’s put in it (Melnyk ainsi que al., 2009). In this feeling, the survey does perform an adequate work in talking about major popular features of the structure. The article provides a lucid theoretical framework. This kind of theoretical framework is easy enough to find their way and it was easy to see what theories led the research to begin with and the impetus for why the DEAL program was tested and developed. For instance , the creators spend a cursory length of time explaining how negative emotions, in conjunction with poor coping abilities and components can lead to really adverse results for youths who later grow into adults with poor coping systems.

The construction of the analysis that was developed does connect to the research paradigm presented which is relevant to a few truly powerful worldwide concerns. For instance, the analysis had a very clear purpose and hypothesis plus the research complications appear to stream very naturally from the platform. “e reason for this just lately completed randomized controlled preliminary study was to determine the consequence of the COPE/Healthy Lifestyles YOUNG (thinking, emotions, exercise, and nutrition) system on the mental and physical health outcomes of 19 Hispanic adolescents enrolled in a great inner city high school graduation. The input programs (COPE vs . Comparison) were sent in two separate classes of teenagers who were taking a required overall health class. Programs were 14 sessions over a nine-week university quarter pertaining to both groups” (Melnyk et al., 2009). This demonstrates a lucid amount of organization within the theoretical style and helps the hypothesis, which was the fact that COPE software was going to include a tangibly positive advantage on the mental and physical outcomes pertaining to adolescents which has a clear and concrete decrease in the amount of adverse affects and symptoms of poor mental and physical wellness. Furthermore, inside the theoretical platform, definitions will be clear and sufficiently thorough, providing you with enough background to ensure that all decisions and details made and provided in the study happen to be fathomable. One can see how within the COPE program, teens are given a range of tools to assist support the requirements for expanding proper equipment and dealing mechanisms for all those sorts of anxiety and for protecting against stress. Based upon all these elements, one can notice that the construction was able to offer a strong information for the research methods all together.

Research Design

The research can be quantitative and even more specifically this can be a cluster randomized controlled preliminary study. Melnyk and acquaintances used statistics; there was simply no interview file format to speak of, even though which may have been beneficial. “A bunch randomized handled pilot examine was conducted with nineteen Hispanic teenagers enrolled in two health classes in a sw high school. A single class received COPE and the other received an attention control program” (Melnyk ou al., 2009, p. 575). This was really appropriate because the results were measurable and the way of measuring techniques used were correct. Researchers could actually gather the info that was needed although another specific taught the students: all in all your research design was extremely suitable and useful to the desired goals of the study as a whole. For instance , one of the aspects of the study was that the analysts wanted to appraise the dietary knowledge and understanding that these kinds of adolescents already had. Therefore a 20-item questionnaire was handed to the scholar to evaluate their knowledge of the calorie content in popular snacks and how poor eating habits demonstrated.

The main involvement in the study was the wellness class essential in order to take part in the study that all of the children had to take part in. The research design is not experimental: there was clearly no treatment of 3rd party variables. The longitudinal study was drawn out over 8 weeks time in in an attempt to allow the within habit and behavior have got time to actually take result and so that students may really absorb the reasons at the rear of why these people were being forced to do certain things. It was important in the study for the youngsters to not speak with one another, but the researchers located this very hard to control.


The Outcomes with the research were very clear and not at all uncertain and they proven the necessity of this sort of a thorough and easy to find study design. “Adolescents in the DEAL program improved their healthy lifestyle selections and reported a reduction in depressive and anxiety symptoms from base to postintervention follow-up. A subset of seven overweight teenagers in the MANAGE program had a decrease in triglycerides and a rise in high-density lipoproteins” (Melnyk et al., 2009). This illustrates an aspect of the hard evidence which the study was able to amply give as a means of supporting the hypothesis offered at the start of the study. The science presented lucid results that mirrored almost precisely what the researchers acquired predicted happens.

Another frustrating benefit of the outcomes was that that demonstrated some of the mental and emotional adjustments that would have to take place in order for these adolescents to grow into happier, healthier adults. Perceptions inform tendencies more than anything at all; as these experts have demonstrated healthy and balanced attitudes need to be established at the vulnerable time of adolescence in order to foster the development of healthy adults. “In addition, these overweight adolescents reported increases in healthy life-style beliefs and nutrition know-how along with a reduction in depressive symptoms” (Melnyk ainsi que al., 2009). This demonstrates that the analysts were certainly aware that

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