henry vii and retaining essay


Maintaining involved être taking males into their service, generally involving the payment of fees and frequently the granting of a exclusive badge or uniform (livery).

This practice served the king, in that it allowed him to recruit soldires more easily, by causing contracts with leading être who then provided their very own retinues pertaining to service together with the king’s army for a particular time. However , it do allow magnates to retain what were, in essence, ‘private armies’ and, at this could be extremely detrimental to community order.

Thus, kings grew significantly concerned to control the practice. The major arrêté of the 15th century which tried to limit it was Edward cullen IV’s law of 1468. This outlawed some kinds of retaining, although implicitly allowed others by stating (vaguely) that not any unlawful retaining was allowed. In practice, maintaining continued following Bosworth.

Henry VII’s Tries to Control Maintaining

In 1486, Henry confident both Properties of Parliament to take an oath guaranteeing that they would not retain criminally.

In all, Henry’s parliaments approved four serves relating to holding onto, but three of these do little to improve the position that had been around since 1468. According to Chrimes, Holly wished to take care of the practice of retaining, yet ‘only in order that he him self got the advantage of it intended for his very own purposes’. Chrimes also known that he sought to repress it ‘insofar as its practice simply by his subjects redounded towards the public disadvantage and the data corruption of general public order’. Therefore, Henry never intended entirely to end the practice of retaining, but he would intend to control it.

The most significant of Henry’s acts in relation to retaining was 19 Henry VII c. 14 (1504), which mentioned that retaining, other than of household maids, was against the law. According to Cameron, this kind of act showed the initially occasionupon which the right of your nobleman to keep was named into question. The take action did, yet , allow Henry to give licences to many of these to retain. There are few instances of such permits, but new research suggests that they were naturally to overhead stewards and other officials trusted with the management of royal estates.

Prosecutions For Illegal Retaining

There have been a number of prosecutions before the the courtroom of King’s Bench to get illegal holding onto under Holly VII, at the. g.:

1491 ” Friend Nicholas Vaux prosecuted to get illegally retaining 5 males

1504 ” the earl of Northumberland was indicted for illegitimate retaining (the case was dismissed)

There was also some visible cases after in the rule, e. g. involving the criminal prosecution of Henry’s ally, the earl of Oxford and Lord Burgavenny, who was heavily fined in 1507 to help keep an against the law retinue in Kent (Burgavenny had a lengthy history of violent disorder in Kent).


  • Category: law
  • Words: 492
  • Pages: 2
  • Project Type: Essay