Health and Social Care Essay
Intro The aim of this kind of essay is usually to review and find out about the perspectives of health and wellbeing, perspective procedures and work roles, factors affecting well-being and health, and to perform a health campaign campaign. To achieve this we will appear in catalogs and on the web to research all these then after we have a good knowledge of them we can produce a advertising campaign to teach in people on a overall health promotion theme. Defining Well being I was doing 1st part of the dissertation on health insurance and how persons define that.
To do this I am handing out forms and looking through my course notes and reviewing them. There are many explanations of health, but the method you determine it depends around the person at the. g. Being without health issues. this means to have no illnesses or diseases, Health is a condition of total physical, mental and sociable well-being and not merely the a shortage of disease or perhaps infirmity. this statement is trying to say you don’t just have to offer an illness to be unwell it also depends on your social and mental state, and exactly how you feel regarding yourself (W. H. To.
Only $13.90 / page
1948), Just being completely happy. this statement is just saying your healthy if the happy with yourself and your lifestyle, Health is definitely the extent that an individual I wear skirt or group is able, on the one hand to realise desire and needs; and on the furthermore, to change or cope with the environment. Health is therefore seen as an resource for everyday routine, not the object of living. It is great concept emphasing social and private resources, and physical capacities. (W. H. To.
1986) etc . (All of the are from class notes) However these kinds of views have a negative and positive stage side to them such as Being without illness which is negative, since it’s just saying, if you not hurt or you don’t have and illness your in good health, but it also depends on a persons way of thinking, and how the truly experience themselves also this is a lttle bit to simple, and in thoughtful of all the different aspects of health (PI. At the. S. ) because it only says this in a more technological way (bio-medical start to see the body as being a machine). An additional view on wellness is Being fit. Becoming the correct weight and height for your age.
Feeling well in your self (Appendix 2) these can be described as positive and negative approach to health because it sees the truth that you can end up being unhealthy however be content and feel great. Bio-medial Model of Health It of wellness dominates all other models of well being.
The Bio-medical or clinical model of well being is possibly the body as a machine, thus if it’s broken it might be fixed simply by repairing the damaged part e. g. Car Person Car will not start Person feels sick Call car port Go to G. P. Support Examination Diagnosis Diagnosis Mended Treatment provided Car works Feeling better (Health and social treatment ocr: a. fisher etc .: p 78) This form of health doesn’t focus on your head or the social circumstance; it focuses on focusing on how a disease works or the way the person could be cured. A good example of some one using this form of health care is if a doctor and also other qualified people decide on a therapy or analysis for a sufferer, e. g. looking at lab tests and paperwork to reach a diagnosis.
Also there may be a few drawbacks to this model of health elizabeth. g. it’s not as ideal for people with long term illnesses or people with problems because they can not always be treated, and this form of treatment could be very intrusive because of tests and so forth, so some individuals may not want it and it could make them feel uncomfortable. Another drawback is that as it doesn’t consider the social areas of the patient’s life they might not find the origin with the problem, hence the person can become ill again.
Social Model of Health This form of health is far more about the origins of health in a social scenario such as real estate, social organizations etc ., and understanding the place that the problem started and finding a better method to test the problem for example cleaning the house intended for dust therefore it doesn’t aggravate a person’s asthma. Likewise due to this well being model the mortality has dramatically reduced during the 20th century, individuals have discovered the original source of the problem and done something to fix the issue and they did it so you can increase a person’s quality of life and minimize illness.
Even so there are disadvantages to this medical model mainly because finding and solving the difficulties can be hard and it ignores the biomedical model of wellness. Government Effort Conserving Lives: The Healthier Region For my personal health advertising campaign I’m doing cigarette smoking so this federal government initiative backlinks into it. The goal of this federal government initiative is usually to improve everyone’s health, and the people who are severally affected particularly.
By 2010 they want to Reduce the loss of life rate from cancer in people under the regarding 75 simply by at least 1/5 Reduce the fatality rate by coronary heart disease, stroke and other related illnesses that individuals under the age of 75 by simply at least 2/5 Reduce the fatality rate coming from accidents simply by at least 1/5 also to reduce the level of serious personal injury from injuries by for least 1/10 Decrease the death charge from suicide and undetermined injury by at least 1/5 (Class notes) Because of these things the government brought in a few measures to assist deal with these problems that are tackling cigarette smoking which is one of the biggest causes of sick health along with liquor, also to tackle sexual health, medications, food safety, water fluoridation, and nommable diseases, to place more money inside the NHS, private sector organisations and the authorities focusing on bettering health. (Appendix 1) Health issues impairment of usual physiological function affecting component or every one of an patient. (http://uk.ask.com/reference/dictionary/wordnetuk/81070/illness) The sickness Wellness Procession According to The Health issues Wellness Entier the significantly less well you will be the closer you are to early death (as shown by the diagram previously mentioned left = death proper = high level of wellness). This also relates to the federal government initiative as the government desires to reduce fatality by reducing illness.
Looking at Questionnaires This really is a graph to show the quantity of people who got the set of questions and are possibly service users or service providers. This graph shows the number of men and women who also took the questionnaire, and since you can see the main amount of folks that took the questionnaire were women. Stop Smoking Advisor The Stop Smoking Advisor works with people in the community, to supply stop smoking support, treatment and advice established by neighborhood and nationwide standards.
A Smoking Consultant works with the Stop Smoking Specialists to give one-to-one and group support therefore their function means they have to travel all over the country to many different areas such as overall health centres, hospitals, community properties, working men’s clubs, Sure Start buildings etc . To offer support and inform persons about the dangers of smoking they may execute a presentation or bring in video clips for people to observe such as the NHS (National Wellness Service) smoking adverts upon T. Versus., also the advisor may well bring in graphical pictures to shock people and get them to understand what they’re doing with their bodies’ elizabeth. g. The responsibilities and skills would have to be a smoking advisor will be as follows: (http://www.jobs.nhs.uk/cgi-bin/vacdetails.cgi?search_db_no=2&selection=911717227&vn=2) Health Visitor Health tourists are signed up nurses or midwives whom work in promoting good health, and stop illness in the neighborhood. But dedicate most of their very own day going to people within their homes and helping with tasks.
Overall health visitors assist many different people in the community like the elderly, handicapped, and the long lasting sick, while offering them support and advice to help people conquer their afflictions. Health guests have many tasks they need to carry out: Advising the elderly on health issues telling persons about good care needed to keep equipment e. g. catheter care. Advising new mothers about issues just like hygiene, safety, feeding and sleeping this is because a new mother may not no regarding all the tasks that come with a child so the will need to be informed. Counselling persons on problems such as post-natal depression, bereavement, or staying diagnosed HIV positive. Co-ordinating child immunisation programs.
Be able to get on well with all kinds of people this is because they work with a wind range of persons in all several circumstances. Be interested in and aware of health insurance and social issues this is indeed they can get in touch with all different types of people and be aware of any issues that want addressing. Have incredibly good conversation and being attentive skills this is hence the patient may trust the health visitor also give better care. Be patient and persuasive this is because it could be hard for individuals to do particular things or perhaps they may have got learning troubles which may prevent their proper care. Manage to understand body gestures and other nonverbal communication this is to help you make the best of a situation by interpreting it.
Plus it may increase communication. Be dependable and be very good time management also this is to improve the relation ship between sufferers and the overall health visitor since if there late the sufferer may think they are not wanted of no one has time for these people. Manage to work on the own this is because a health visitor mainly ideal for their own in homes which means you need to be impartial. Be mature and be able to deal with unpleasant issues.
Training As a certified nurse or midwife you ought to take a level or postgraduate course in public places health nursing/health visiting if you would like become a overall health visitor. Training last one year full-time or two years part-time and are available at colleges and universities throughout the UK. Classes use both the theoretical (studying subjects including community practice and public welfare, counselling and social policy), and practical placements monitored by an experienced health visitor.
Qualified wellness visitors are expected to keep their very own skills updated through ongoing development. A health visitor also operates immunisation programmes set by local government effort i. elizabeth. in certain areas different health problems may be more prominent and so they will have different vaccines to immunise them.
Factors That Affect Health Factors that affect well being can be this such as eating habits, exercise, life style, attitudes and prejudices’, income, physical elements, environment and so forth but there are many views that go along with all of them, so to find out if these descriptions meet with what normal people think happen to be right (compared to professionals) I am going to perform two selection interviews with two different people to see if presently there social elements and economical factors get along with these professional descriptions. Financial Factors Cash flow factors are probably one of the main complications with trying to get good health care, this is when you do not generate enough money to get the things you need to make it through and be well.
If you do not are able to afford to receive adequate healthcare you may become unwell, also if you are not able to afford activities such as health foodstuff, housing, and so forth it could raise your chances of getting ill. As well this may lead to the life span changes or factors that affect your quality of life, because you are unable to obtain what you want and need. Interpersonal Factors Social factors or social course are tied up in with income because what group you’re in depends on how much you earn. Cultural circumstances contribute a lot to a person’s wellness because usually if you’re higher the socio-economic ladder you will have more money and be able to manage better health care.
These interpersonal factors also relate to along with culture. Family how many people inside your family, the way they affect your daily life etc . Culture how people live their particular lives such as following beliefs (for case Jehovah’s witnesses don’t allow blood transfusions) etc . Poor social and economic conditions affect well-being and health all the way through your life. People additional down the cultural ladder usually are twice as probably be at risk of severe illness and early death. (Appendix 15) As well in certain classes things such as smoking cigarettes or binge drinking could be more common than in other classes. For example: Kids in a reduce group will be five times very likely to die via an accident, than those in a larger group.
People in the lecture five are three times more likely to have a stroke than someone in class one. Infant mortality is larger in the reduced groups. And everything this is mainly because they cannot find the money for better healthcare and enclosure, healthier meals etc . (N, Moonie: p138) Life Style People see Lifestyle a choice you choose such as drinking sensibly and also the practice of safe sexual intercourse.
However , it could be more complicated than that at the. g. in case you have a low income it may be more difficult for you to consume healthier than patients people who have enough money a much healthier life style. This is because trying to live a healthy life style is expensive, especially well being food as it takes for a longer time to prepare, likewise if you don’t have a local store that sales heath food my spouse and i. e. organic and natural things without having preservatives it is usually hard.
Likewise due to a number of other factors such as up getting, social elements etc . it can be hard to lead a healthy existence according to the authorities views, mainly because doing everything you may need to do to keep healthy and balanced can be high-priced so some people may not be capable of afford it, also it can be hard to change you ways and if your placed in a bad routine you can only drive more unwell. A recent survey says 46% of individuals agreed that you have too many elements out aspect a single person’s health. (N, Moonie: p123) Attitudes and Prejudices This kind of relates to the preconceived suitable people have about each other and how they act around different people.
Environment Elements Your environment is all the points around you that affect your overall health such as real estate e. g. if your child has breathing difficulties and you have a dusty house it may intensify the condition and make the child unwell. Physical Factors This kind of factor is usually al about you physical state i. at the. healthy in line with the government suggestions and whether you have any kind of physical afflictions. If you have a disability it may well restrict you from interacting with all the providers you need.
Standard strenuous work out has a defensive effect pertaining to heart disease and stroke, forms bone mass, improves pose and helps control body weight. Physical activity can also improve mental into the well-being. (All of these elements are via N, Moonie: p131-145) Selection interviews First of all I selected two elements that impact health, which are financial elements and social factors, up coming I came across eight concerns (five upon finance and three on social factors see Appendix 12). Following creating the interview I set up a time with two people and asked these people my queries.
I began both interviews by expressing all the data I acquire will remain confidential and it will only be used in my course work. Both the people I evaluated believed they will don’t will have enough money to live lifespan they want nevertheless for two distinct reasons the first person stated my salary are not growing with rate of inflation so this person doesn’t believe that they generate enough with all the cost of points in this region i. at the. things could prove costly because of inflation. The second person said some times I actually don’t can pay for to do the items I want electronic. g. go on holiday on holiday with my friends.
But I am unemployed right now so that doesn’t help and so the reason your husband cannot afford the life style they want is because they can be unemployed and therefore are currently away of money. 2 . Or how exactly does your life have an effect on your income? Both people declare their sociable lives and bills are too expensive and so they don’t always have the amount of money they want.
3. What items do you truly feel you are unable to access because of your income? Person 1 this person doesn’t believe they will access holiday seasons etc . so in other words a chance to relax and get away. Person 2 this person feels that they are struggling to socialise some times because of their income which is a main issue with their lifestyle.
4. What things do you really feel you possibly can access as a result of your income? The two people truly feel they are able to access all the essential and required things and the stuff they want to do for themselves. 5. Do you think your income affects your health in any respect?
Both think that there profits doesn’t affect their existence in any major way. Cultural Factors: 6. Do you stick to your friend’s example i actually. e. expert pressure? Person 1 this person does the things they need to do if they want to do all of them and doesn’t follow their particular friend’s case in point. Person a couple of this person says Yes, but not peer pressure and so they adhere to what all their friends carry out but they don’t believe there being forced or perhaps persuaded to do something that they don’t want to do.
7. Can be your family a good or negative affect on your own life and health? Person 1 this person thinks that all their family are a positive impact on their lifestyle. Person a couple of person 2 feels Yes with out because my children are just bothersome and tension me away, but the support me when I need it.
Like in many families some things get on each others nervousness but when you require them they may be there for you. almost 8. Does your interpersonal class impact your life design or overall health? Person 1 they think there cultural class doesn’t affect their particular life by any means. Person two they presume that it truly does because in the event they were bigger up the corporate they would have an overabundance money and also do a lot of things they need and require.
In conclusion my personal primary exploration (the interviews) show that the definitions in the two factors I chose happen to be correct and so they say the identical to the interviewees but in more detail. My description gathered by research in books etc . this is definitely when you do not really earn enough money to obtain the things you need to survive and become well. Should you not have enough money to get enough health care you may become unwell this is basically the same as the particular interviewees explained i. at the.
Both the people say their very own social lives and expenses are too costly so they don’t always have the amount of money that they want so in other words both the definition and folks say they don’t almost all ways are able to afford do the points they just like or gain access to all the things they want. Aims and Objectives In a group of 3, me as well as the other people during my group would a display to a thirty-seven different people outdated 15 18 in ten different groups about the dangers of smoking. At the beginning and end of each group we provided them a questionnaire to try their understanding before and after and we took 12 samples of each from distinct groups to check if they had learned anything.
We all found out that before that they only a new basic understanding of smoking and after they had a much more extensive knowledge and understood about smoking and its hazards in better detail. We all knew this because we all looked at the sample of questionnaires and saw how in considerably more detail they answered the questions. Therefore we must have had an impact issues knowledge and views.
However , we didn’t change a lot of people views on smoking cigarettes because they were slightly pompous and just assumed their existence was all their life. Aims: To produce a presentation to inform people about the dangers of smoking and notify people in ways they will quit electronic. g. NHS help series. Objectives: Effects: What do you hope changes as a result of your activities? To help clients understand the perils of smoking and hope they will change their behaviour because of the presentation.
Measures: How will you measure in case the described transform is occurring? Has occurred? To measure my presentation and see if the desired effects have happened I will glance at the before and after forms and see if there know-how has better.
Evaluation Skills: Communication expertise I think my own communication expertise were quite good?nternet site took that in transforms with the people in my group to talk to people however one of the other people inside the group spoke a lot more than the remaining. Also because I was functioning the power level presentation there was a barrier between all of us, so persons may not have got opened up as much and used as much as they could have whether it wasn’t there. Team Operate and Work Load Yes In my opinion the work weight and team fork was shared quite.
Also I do think it was appropriate for the people inside the group. Resources used We used lots of resources such as books just like Moonie plus the NHS pamphlets also I’ve been within the NHS internet site and checked out the quit smoking advice they offer. Activities used The activities all of us used to display people regarding the dangers of smoking happen to be handouts a PowerPoint demonstration with videos and a large poster with a lot of information on.
As well during the business presentation we had little discussions regarding the material and answered any question the individuals had. The planet We did the business presentation in a class room with the others in our category but there was clearly three distinct groups performing different things. Another one of the groups had a loud video, which at times overpowered what we should were doing and was obviously a distraction.
Likewise we had 2 change areas at the start since the room was needed for a test by simply another category, so there were to move each of the equipment and reorganise the set out. Health and Safety The sole health and sociable issues I think there were was the electricity we had to use to power every thing however there are floor attaches with hats on and we all weren’t playing about with anything. Also all the cabling were concealed out the way therefore no one can trip above them. Had been the Aspires and Objectivities Achieved? Yes all the aims and objectives were achieved because all of us saw from your questionnaires that their expertise improved and they knew the primary diseases plus more substances in a cigarette.
Likewise we created an interesting business presentation. For example of questionnaires and see if the people’s understanding improved discover (Appendix seventeen and 18) Would You Whatever it takes Differently Next Time? If I had been doing the presentation once again I would use a separate place so there were no interruptions, and I might try and be involved and speak more. Conclusion In conclusion there are many points that lead to people wellness such as lifestyle, attitudes and prejudices etc . and they influence different people in different ways.
This is exactly why we viewed them in detail first since if we didn’t fully understand all the things that affect health, we all wouldn’t have been able to do an affective campaign.