Short Tale

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Hanif Kureishi’s well known short story “My Son the Fanatic” (1997) explores styles of a friendly relationship, religion, fanaticism and identities. In a detailed discussion, this essay can discuss the significant relationship between father, Parvez, and his good friend, Bettina, who works as a sexual worker. The discussion will begin which has a contextualization with the passage available on page ninety-seven and then an research of the use of spaces and places to reflect each of Parvez’s different identities.

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Parvez, is a guy from Lahore, Pakistan and the father of his boy, Ali. It really is implied that Parvez’s partner is coping with them, but she remains unnamed through the story and is hardly stated. This produces a sense that Parvez and his wife are generally not close sometime later it was allows someone to realize exactly how important Bettina is to Parvez, as the girl with the only girl he is near to in his life. Parvez immigrated to London via his country in order to seek out a better life for himself and his family members, leaving behind his old lifestyle, culture and Islamic religion. He could be a taxi new driver and throughout his period as a taxi driver, this individual befriends a lady, Bettina, who also he lifting to work in the evening. After starting to see little changes in his son’s behavior which were out of character for him, he started to worry if Ali was taking medications or engaging in other kinds of difficulty. While getting together with his company workers he asked these people what their opinions for the matter had been, but to simply no avail having been unsuccessful in pin-pointing the main cause of his son’s new tendencies. The remove then commences with Bettina sitting in his car, which can be “to his relief” when he is able to confide with Bettina about his son, which will he has done numerous moments in the past, and asks for her advice on the situation. The passage then simply goes on to make clear how Parvez met Bettina and how their particular friendship blossomed until this point in time where they are sat in his car discussing his boy (Kureishi 97).

Parvez initially met Bettina one evening if he lifted her to meet a customer. Many of the taxi cab drivers lift up the sex workers to work in return for sex favors. That they became friends after he saved her from one of her consumers who converted violent and from then on they “had come to take care of one another” (Kureishi 97). One is unable to conclude whether Parvez’s romance with Bettina ever gone further than a friendship such as the other taxi cab drivers who have gave the prostitutes trips in return for intimate favors, or perhaps whether they had a friendship through which they really looked out for each other and supported one another. This support is the main facet of their romantic relationship.

Parvez receives support and advice from Bettina which this individual doesnt obtain from his wife. The storyplot quotes “he could speak with her regarding things he’d never have the ability to discuss with his own wife” (Kureishi 97). Having his wife play a minimal role in the short story displays just how essential Bettina is Parvez’s lifestyle. Bettina takes his wife’s role because the person this individual relies on, comes to for comfortableness advice and perhaps for his sexual requires as well. When Parvez can be worried about his son, Bettina is the woman he visits for advice. There is no mention of Parvez at any time discussing his son with all the wife, that is the mother of Ali and should become the first-person Parvez would go to. They also “saw each other many nights” (Kureishi 97) which means Parvez constantly confided in Bettina, likewise proving how important her role in his life is. The girl was not only a friend that he at times would talk to, Bettina a new constant participation in his life.

Parvez has many diverse identities that are reflected through different areas or spots. Parvez had an identity if he lived in Pakistan, a new identification that he lives in London and he has an additional identity if he is in his taxi. In Ali’s eye, Parvez also takes on the identity of any fanatic which in turn appears in short , at the end from the story.

One of Parvez’s identities may be the identity and life this individual used to stay in Pakistan ahead of he immigrated. In Pakistan he accustomed to abide by ethnical and religious practices and morals when growing up. This is the id that his son, Ali wants him to associate with as well as the identity Ali, himself offers embraced. Even so after an “indignity Parvez had prevented all religion” (Kureishi 99) and this result in his second identity. The identity he took up when he moved to London. When he began his new life in the uk, Parvez was open to using all the traditional western cultures and didnt abide by morals of his older religion such as not eating chicken or alcohol consumption (Kureishi 101). Parvez became comfortable with his new laid-back lifestyle of indulgence and did not believe that he was living an wrong life. When ever Parvez confronts his kid about his son’s new found religious values, Ali reprimands his father for getting “too implicated in European civilisation” (Kureishi 101). Parvez’s new property in London, presents the personality of the fresh Parvez and his new lifestyle.

One of Parvez’s primary identities may be the identity this individual takes on if he is in the space of his taxi. His identity being a taxi driver which includes his relationship with Bettina has become the most important id of his life. His relationship with Bettina just takes place in the boundaries of his taxi. They under no circumstances interact outside of his cab due to the nature of her job plus the fact that Parvez’s relationship with her can be frowned upon. The identity that Parvez lives within the space of his taxi is incredibly different to the others of his life. The partnership he features with Bettina and how this individual interacts with her is different to his romance with his partner and in the space in the taxi Bettina takes on the role his wife will need to play in the life. In the taxi Parvez feels comfortable and able to express himself without feeling judged while Bettina “judged neither the boy nor his father” (Kureishi 97). This is different to the judgement and condemnation he receives from his son who also looks upon him as Ali thinks his activities are immoral because they dont adhere to his individual Islamic probe.

Addititionally there is the id of the lover Parvez that takes place inside Ali’s bedroom. At the beginning of the storyline, Parvez was unused to Ali’s good religious values and therefore deemed Ali’s habit as faith based fanaticism. Ali’s bedroom represents Parvez’s notion of fanaticism since Ali began to sell every one of his items and bare his place from all material property, and it had been in his room where Ali would pray. However , right at the end of the short story it is Ali whom believes that Parvez provides taken within the identity with the fanatic. In a drunken craze Parvez sounds Ali when he starts to hope because he can be angered by Ali’s new religious ideals (Sundar). Parvez turns to rage and physical violence to be able to try and stop his kid from following these ideals and this is why Ali believes Parvez is operating like a fanatic when the beating took place in Ali’s room.

To summarize, it is clear to see the extent of Parvez and Bettina’s relationship and just how important Bettina has become in Parvez’s lifestyle while your woman takes on the role that his wife should have performed. The theme of friendship is usually explored through Parvez and Bettina’s romance and the themes of religion and fanaticism are explored through Ali and Parvez. The first is also able to identify Parvez’s different identities and see the utilization of places and spaces to reflect these identities.

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