deviance of homosexuality homosexuality deviance


Positivism, Atheist, Homosexuality, Libido

Excerpt by Research Newspaper:

The meaning of deviancy, its source, as well as their negative connotations, seems to adjustments from tendencies to behavior.

Deviance sometimes seems not cancerous and morally neutral and merely to obstacle normative kinds of identity, when it comes to homosexuals, atheists, and women whom are single and/or working. All of these groups have been around as Foucaultian character ‘types’ in the form of modern day media stereotypes, as portrayed as the media, despite the fact that they could also be easily labeled as works or because belief devices. A woman’s desire to function is theoretically an ‘act’ but ethnical stereotypes connect assumptions for this decision – such as the concept that a woman who have works can be callous and uncaring regarding her kids. A homosexual is technically someone who partcipates in same-sex sexual acts but has been characterized because effeminate, excessively sexual, deceptive, or ‘less than a man’ although the only deviant, contingent characteristics of your homosexual is usually same-sex desire.

But in other cases, deviancy may potentially warned the cultural order, including safety, regarding individuals who eliminate or take. While selected environmental attributes may make clear such behavior, it is more challenging for culture to engage in relativistic evaluation about these actions and still stay functional. Yet even in these instances, it is important to reflect there is a subjective, constructed feature to such ‘deviance. ‘ In the American south through the Jim Crow era, males who lynched African-Americans were not considered deviant, although today we would consider them criminals. The Victorians attempted to create constructs of individuals with particular physiology, manners, and characteristics who were intrinsically murderous, or maybe a murderous ‘type, ‘ in the way that individuals who had been gay were said to be a particular ‘type. ‘ While it is possibly harder to view how contemporary society could function without a rigid definition of what constitutes tough, even the definition of a killer is far more smooth than a single might at first suspect.

Having a positivist method to deviance, whereby the ‘act’ is seen as inherently bad and worthy of consequence in a trans-cultural fashion is problematic. Regarding homosexuality, which will today has been said by most gay people to be primarily biologically instead of culturally or psychologically made, the cause is usually uncertain and cannot be easily ‘dealt’ with (Goode 2008). And however some individuals are threatened by the existence of gay acts, there is absolutely no clear reasons why this ‘deviance’ should be removed at all. As well, even if the expression of libido is socially constructed, the specific types of desires and choices manifested by folks are so complicated in their source, it is impossible to imagine eliminating a form of lovemaking expression and identity in a positivist fashion.

The failing of positivism

Even more obviously asocial activities, such as physical violence, are stuck in a internet of biology and interpersonal license the positivist is definitely hard-pressed to clarify. For the positivist, sociable control can be described as rational method, but deviant behavior is not consciously chosen: “Two actions that are superficially and by artificial means similar may mean very different things to the participants as opposed to the individuals who react to the members and what they are doing. i actually. e. homosexuality. So , what something is, is definitely entirely determined by how it truly is interpreted by the relevant target audience, including the actor” (Goode 2008). A ‘normal’ person who grows up in a world where assault is normal may possibly act strongly. Soldiers in wartime are encouraged to defend their country, even though their activities in other situations would be greatly damaging to society. One cannot sweat the action from the circumstance and claim it is deviant.

Constructivists will also explain, contrary to the positivist position, that even within the same culture the meanings of deviance are in flux based on where the actions are manifest. This is also true for intimate behaviors: amongst artists, homosexuality is often suffered, even by the mainstream public, as can be viewed in the open public embrace of gay actors, talk display hosts, and musicians. Yet , the tolerance of a homosexual politician or even a teacher in a elementary school may be less all-encompassing. Tolerance of deviance can easily thus differ amongst subcultures as well. And higher interpersonal status, bigger levels of prosperity, and confidence can all cause what might be considered ‘deviant’ in one person to appear as only eccentric within.


When a particular group is arbitrarily defined as deviant, this can have negative implications for world as well as the individual. Homosexuality, once treated while deviant can make a ‘class’ of individuals who happen to be estranged via society. Socially estranged classes of individuals tend to be more likely to participate in other kinds of deviant behavior. This is actually the “distinction among primary deviance, the initial rule-breaking act, and secondary deviance, the marked person’s response of security, attack or perhaps adaptation towards the problems caused by the social reactions to their initial deviance” (Secondary deviance, 2010, Sociology index). Great example of this could be people who are defined and treated as deviant due to their ethnicity, competition, or faith. One cause some teams might have better pay of criminality than other groupings is due to labeling theory – when the main ‘deviance’ is inscribed after them based upon arbitrary factors such as the look of them, their future alienation brings them to adopt secondary varieties of deviancy, like a criminal id. “When this does happen and a person is performing secondary deviance, it can be stated that they are carrying out a deviant (or moral) profession – a set of roles and expectations shaped largely by the reactions of others” (Secondary deviance, 2010, Sociology index). The label of deviance hence creates extra behaviors and makes multiple tiers of deviance part of the individual’s identity. While it is challenging to imagine a functional society in which no ‘deviance’ at all is definitely conceptualized, the relativistic nature of most kinds of deviance is actually a reminder with the need for threshold and empathy when dealing with categories of difference that do not need a negative influence upon other folks.


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Foucault, Michel. (1990). The history of sexuality: Volume 1 . Nyc: Vintage

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Goode. (2008, February 4). Positivism. Recovered August 13, 2010 for http://www.umsl.edu/~keelr/200/positism.html

Gutting, Gary. (2008). Michel Foucault. The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved August 12-15, 2010 for http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/foucault/

A brief history of Libido: About Foucault. (1999). IPCE Web. Retrieved August 16, 2010 in http://www.ipce.info/ipceweb/Library/history_of_sexuality.htm

Orcutt, James G. (2004). Component 1: Sociological viewpoints upon deviance and social control.

Retrieved August 14, 2010 at http://deviance.socprobs.net/Unit_1/Page_1.htm

Pontell. (2005). The discovery of child abuse. Retrieved August 14, 2010 at http://www.umsl.edu/~keelr/200/intrdev.html#pfohl

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