Deontological ethics Essay
Immanuel Margen was a thinker and teacher that came to be in Konigsberg in East Prussia in 1724 and died in 1804 (Turner, 2012, para. 2). Kant developed a theory of duty ethics that focused on nonconsequential ideas of morality. According to Thiroux and Krasemann (2012) Kant’s theory stated that questions of morality could be answered by reasoning alone (p.
50). The different theory of ethics that is to be analyzed, in contrast and in comparison to Kant’s theory of duty ethics is the ethical theory of utilitarianism. You will find two forms of utilitarianism. Act Utilitarianism claims that everybody should execute the work that creates the greatest good for everyone (Thiroux, Krasemann pg.
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37). Regulation utilitarianism states that everybody should stick to the rule that brings about the most good for everybody affected by that act. This kind of paper will certainly compare and contrast both theories and focus on every of their strengths and weaknesses. Kant’s responsibility based ethics are a nonconsequential theory of ethics.
Kent was a nonconsequentialist because he assumed that one probably should not consider the effects of ones actions when making a decision regarding right or wrong. Kent believed that just the “good will” was moral and all acts ought to be made based upon rules regardless of the consequences. Kent took a really systemic approach to ethics. Kent believed that every decisions could be made by staying logically constant and by applying universalizability.
Margen believed that questions of morality could be run through the Categorical Crucial. The Particular Imperative says that an work is wrong if the rule can not be used universally. A number of the strengths of Kant’s hypotheses are that ethics in Kant’s theories are contacted with a program. Someone can reach a conclusion about the morality associated with an issue with a formula and apply it universally.
Someone that uses Kant’s Particular Imperative making decisions about correct and incorrect doesn’t make use of it base independently personal interest. Your decision is made from the “goodwill” perspective. There are some extremely glaring disadvantages to Kant’s theory. Margen suggests that morality comes from responsibility rather than amour. Most people could argue that it is better doing anything out of want somewhat that carrying it out because you will need to.
Kant’s theory does not consider situations with conflicting tasks in to account. In Kant’s theory, lying is wrong so you should never sit. What happens in the event that lying would save some one’s life?
Below Kant’s theory one should by no means lie no matter the reason. Contrary to Kant’s theory of ethics consequentialist believe that decisions about ethics needs to be made by considering the consequences. 1 theory about how to make these decisions in morality is definitely utilitarianism. You will discover two types of utilitarianism, act utilitarianism and rule utilitarianism. Believers of act utilitarianism believe that everybody should perform the take action that will the most best for everyone.
Regulation utilitarianist believes that everybody should follow the rule that brings about the most good for everybody. Utilitarianism is a better system of consequential ethics than Egoism because Utilitarianism takes into account the very best outcome for a lot of people. Action Utilitarianism thinks that all scenarios are different. Therefore every scenario needs to be seen differently and each decision ought to be reached depending on what is the very best outcome for everyone. Rule Utilitarianism was created reacting to the fact that beginning from the beginning lever to make every decision may be difficult to carry out.
Some of the criticisms to utilitarianism are that it can be difficult to learn how the consequences of one’s activities will impact everyone included. Utilitarianism also only considers how the majority are affected by the choice. Utilitarianism doesn’t take into account how the minority that don’t gain benefit decision happen to be affected. Under ACT utilitarianism it is also hard to pass straight down wisdom or perhaps educate the young when ever there are not any rules in position.
One of the disadvantages to secret utilitarianism is that there are not any rules that don’t have exceptions. In conclusion Kant’s hypotheses and Utilitarianism have there strengths and weaknesses. Kantianism is very methodized but doesn’t allow for conditions.
Utilitarianist try to take everyone’s best interest into consideration but it is almost impossible to know what is perfect for everyone when making a decision that affects many different people. Referrals Ming, L. (1908). Categorical Imperative.
Inside the Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. Retrieved This summer 5, 2012 from New Advent: http://www. newadvent. org/cathen/03432a. htm Thiroux, J. G., & Krasemann, K. Watts. (2012). Values Theory and Practice (11thth ed., s. 50).
Top Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Publication Incorporation.