bipolar disorder dissertation


Nearly a couple of million persons suffer and/or diagnosed with zweipolig disorder; several of these people get untreated or perhaps suffer alone due to anxiety about the unknown of the actual disorder brings. Bipolar disorder is a ailment that comes with a bad stigma; it has to do with the earlier link to schizophrenia. Many individuals had associated the ‘manic-depressive’ disorder with schizophrenia, this according to the document from Burton (2012). In the article, this individual explains how from the early 1800 the “mania disorder evolved to ‘manic-depressive’ disorder to what it is now called zweipolig disorder.

This disorder is not just a judgment but it can be reality for most, it is as a result of a chemical imbalance or perhaps genetic link that evolves into a chronic mental disease (Bressert, 2007). Treatments pertaining to bipolar patients vary depending on the symptoms of the patient and their psychotic episodes, nevertheless there is optimism people who suffer with bipolar disorder. Literature Review

History of Zweipolig Disorder

Burton (2012) in his book, states that melancholia and mania happen to be linked to around Ancient Portugal, philosopher Aretaeus was able recognize some type of disorder in which a person could have their day time as a normal person; happy, sense victorious good results . a blink of an vision their feelings will change into a dull, saddened mood.

Even though he previously noted these behaviors, his ideas would not take popularity until modern-day. Bipolar disorder was previously known as ‘manic-depressive disorder’ and it absolutely was more known to be part of schizophrenia. In the early on 1960’s a well known German psychiatrist named Emil Kraeplin researched the disorder in more details. With his studies, Kraeplin segregated Bipolar disorder from schizophrenia and related it even more with being part of ‘manic-depressive disorder’ (Burton, 2012) Precisely what is Bipolar Disorder?

According to J. Proudfoot & G. Parker (2009), they define Bipolar disorder as a chronic condition that is characterized by durations mania, depressionand hypomania. They are defined as; fila, are shows of madness, and trend opposite of depression. Hypomania is defined as a sensation of euphoria or irritable feeling. The feeling changes that include this disorder can last from a single day about months (Grohl, 2014). For example , an show can include extreme levels that include incredible levels of happiness, hyperactivity with all the need to sleep. These mania episodes will be followed with episodes of depression or vice versa, serious sadness, simply no interest in items or desire, feelings of hopelessness. These kinds of feelings can impact the lives of the individual that suffers from this mental disease.

Living with Bipolar disease may be difficult; it might derail any kind of future ideas or just preserve a normal daily routine. If certainly not treated, zweipolig disorder could be detrimental intended for the person; manic episodes can cause conflicts within the family. These types of episodes also can result in hallucinations, hearing noises and even systematisierter wahn (Bressert, 2007). Bipolar disorder can be treated properly with medicine if diagnosed early, if left without treatment it can cause risky behaviours and or problems to survive inside the outside globe. Links to Bipolar Disorder

The know-abouts of what may cause bipolar disorder has not been accurately identified, but you may be wondering what psychologists do know for sure is that the disorder is genetically linked, neurochemical imbalance or perhaps hormone discrepancy in the brain. According to the actual Bressert (2007), the hereditary links in families that member with bipolar disorder have as well as link of depression, the same twins include a higher risk of experiencing bipolar disorder than a nonidentical twin, a person which has a parent clinically determined to have bipolar disorder has a higher risk of expanding the disorder.

The neurochemical factors which may cause or perhaps may be best factors inside the cause of bipolar disorder could be environmental or an discrepancy in chemicals in the brain. The imbalance that occurs in the brain is caused by a dysfunction inside the chemical messengers or neurotransmitters; norepinephrine, serotonin and others chemical substances. Some of these factors can be activated by mental stress or social elements or stay dormant without any episodes. Environmentally friendly factors which could affect or trigger the disorder can vary fromalcohol and drug abuse, to a major lifestyle event. Medicine infused shows can also happen, these are known as medication-triggered fila; over-the-counter medications, appetite suppressants, euphoria, amphetamines, excessive to modest levels of caffeine. If a person has a family history and ancestors of bipolar disorder than stress, alcoholic beverages, drug abuse, and lack of sleep may possibly speed up the disorder or perhaps an instance (Bressert, 2007) Treatments

During a study, (Lejeune, 2011), there was an evaluation of around 10, 500 university students; as students are generally the ones that have more difficulty handling this long-term disease. College or university can be very difficult time due to the fact that it includes many of the activates it associated with the mania symptoms; stress, insomnia, drugs and alcohol abuse. A few of the treatments utilized in this study include psychiatric therapy and psychoeducation. Psychotherapy can be when an outdoors person, viewer, will keep a record of the activities in the students life’s. The viewer would need to write critical particulars but end up being non-judgmental or invasive. This may help point out patterns or triggers which could point out causes. Psychoeducation is part of the psychiatric therapy; the observer helps examine the data gathered and sits with the student to see what changes must be assessed in order to avoid an episode.

Medication is usually an alternative for those who have bipolar disorder; the risks and side effects are great when currently taking medications. Various undergraduate pupils decided not to take medication as a result of effects it could have prove mood and school performance, graduate learners decided to take the medication. Various mood stabilizers have severe side effects; for females they have concerns future pregnancies. If the pupil is having a secondary medication , medications could have an adverse effect with each other. Total patients have to pay attention to medicines and remedies; adjust to what better suits all of them and what treatment that they feel more comfortable with (Lejeune, 2011) Bottom line

In conclusion, bipolar disorder is a chronic mental illness that can be assessed and controlled with medication , psychotherapy and group therapy. Various people who are diagnosed with this disorder can live normal, effective

lives; depending in the event the person can easily control their very own episodes simply by living a normal and liable lifestyle. Also, by steering clear of stress triggers the pallino or depressive episodes could possibly be avoided. Could be with frequent therapy or perhaps group appointment, a person with this kind of chronic disease can find support and understanding. But how do we diagnose people who have bipolar disorder earlier? Just how can scientist examine the brain figure out if the disorder is linked to some type of problems in the human brain structure while in the developing period in the mom’s womb?


Bressert, H. (2007). An Introduction to Bipolar Disorder. Psychology Central. Retrieved from http://psychcentral.com/lib/an-introduction-to-bipolar-disorder/000914 Burton, And. (2012, June), Hide and Seek: The Concept of Bipolar Disorder is remarkably modern. Psychology Today. Retrieved from http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/hide-and-seek/201206/short-history-bipolar-disorder Grohl, J. M. (2014, Feb). Bipolar Disorder (Manic Depression): Dealing with Bipolar Disorder, PsychCentral, Retrieved from http://psychcentral.com/disorders/bipolar/ Lejuene, T. W. (2011). Special Concern in the Remedying of College Students with Bipolar Disorder. Journal of American College Wellness. 59(7), 666-669. Proudfoot, T. G., Parker, G. B., Benoit, Meters., Manicavasagar, Versus., Smith, M., & Gayed, A. (2009). What happens after diagnosis? Understanding the experiences of patients with newly-diagnosed zweipolig disorder, Health Expectation, 12(2), 120-129


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