assumptive orientation dissertation


Theoretical alignment towards psychology is an important part of counseling. A counselor need to excel in at least one of the orientations but will need to have substantial learning all of them. Besides this the moment training foreseeable future counselors it should also be observed that when preparing as advisors people should certainly “develop their particular personal type of counseling as they work toward integration in theory and eclecticism in practice (Spruill & Benshoff, 2000)

The assumptive orientation which was adopted simply by me personally pertains to the intellectual behavioral strategy.

“Behavioral strategies assume that people are basically molded both by simply learning and socio-cultural environment.  (Corey & Corey, 2002)

This sort of therapy is generally employed to take care of disorders linked to neurosis and psychopathology just like mood and anxiety disorders. The article by Area (2001) discusses that it is likely to make use of the cognitive behavioral therapy strategy in the prisoner counseling and chaplaincy programs. The intellectual behavioral types of procedures can be used like a form of further programs to get the criminals.

Through this approach the behaviour of the hostage can be improved by changing and impacting on their disrupted emotions.

Insight Oriented Approach and Action Focused Approach

Insight oriented therapy is the sort of approach which will aids the individual to understand earlier times events and identify the emotional and psychological motorists that influence the behavior in the person.

The actual kind of therapy which can be known as an insight oriented therapy could be the psychoanalytical therapy. “The aim of psychoanalytic treatment is to make the client alert to unconscious material and to structure his or her individuality in order to attain a healthy balance of energy.  (Okun & Kantrowitz, 2007)

Action focused approach can be described as less passive approach intended for therapy. Relating to this way the client tends to seek out the condition and attempts to are up against it simply by changing the surroundings or the condition. The cognitive therapy approach is a good example of the actions oriented approach which highlights the client to think rationally and possess a positive outlook.

The difference between the action oriented and the information oriented remedies are that the actions oriented therapy triggers a procedure for problem solving. Through the cognitive techniques 55 identifies, and analyzed, the solutions and alternatives and discussed with the result that one of the most appropriate solution is chosen. Through the understanding oriented method to therapy nevertheless the states which the depression you feel by the customer is the result of unconscious internal conflicts. Therefore changing the though habits, moods and behavior patterns can change the results in the long term

Directive and Low Directive Remedy:

The non directive technique is a client centered approach where the customers tend to direct themselves to modify and solve theirs in problems. Through this technique the therapeutic procedure is usually avoided. The low directive technique allows the clients to become in charge and make an improvement for themselves.

The directive remedy requires a third party of a psychologist to aid your customer and guidebook them about the organized process of the treatment. In this way the therapists tends to suppose complete knowledge of he patients needs, requirements, and then aims to change the attitude in the patient and also their habit.

The main difference between the savoir and the non directive procedure is that in the former the client is the one in charge and tends to solve the problem him self and in the latter the treatment is organised and set up according to the counselor who provides the necessary modifications in our behavior plus the value system for the customer.

If I would have been to put my counseling tactics on a continuum between perception oriented and action focused as well as enquête therapy and non directive therapy, i quickly would probably finish up choosing the actions oriented therapy and the enquête therapy. These two techniques help to make combine collectively to form the cognitive behavioral approach. My own choice will be based on the aspects that action orientation would end up being to be less passive in the therapy when directive remedy would give myself the room to structure and organize my own sessions with all the clients. This could aid myself in making use of the intellectual behavioral therapy techniques that are my favored choice as mentioned earlier my own theoretical positioning as well.



  1. Corey, M. H., & Corey, R., (2002), “Counseling a comprehensive profession (5thed), Author: Wadsworth Posting
  2. Hall, To. S., (2001), Faith-based intellectual programs in corrections, Modifications Today, Vol. sixty five, Issue six, retrieved upon Oct 22, 2007 coming from http://www.enotes.com/corrections-today-journals/121935482
  3. Okun, F. W., & Kantrowitz, R. Electronic., (2007), “Effective Helping ” Interviewing and Counseling Techniques (7thed), Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing
  4. Spruill, A. M., Benshoff, J. M., (2000), Helping Beginning Counselors Produce a Personal Theory of Therapies, Counselor Education and Supervision, Volume. 40 n1 p70-80, gathered on Oct 22, 3 years ago from http://www.accessmylibrary.com/coms2/summary_0286-28384472_ITM


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