A study of the benner amateur to expert model term

Excerpt from Term Paper:

Patricia Benner’s Theory of Novice to Expert: Will it Remain Valid?


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What makes a nurse a fantastic nurse? Patricia Benner’s Theory of Newbie to Expert examines the expansion of a nurse’s expertise and emotional development from her first a lot of practice to what Benner telephone calls expertise, or perhaps higher-level competency. In Benner’s view, competence depends upon the development of the nurse’s intuitive potential. As known by Lyneham, Parkinson, Denholm (2008), this competency that Benner thought as “intuitive” is known as a little-understood term, given the basis of modern medical in evidence-based practice (p. 380). By intuition, Benner meant the internalization of experience along with technical features. To better appreciate Benner’s tips, the creators adopted a qualitative, phenomenological approach, selecting 14 emergency room nurses whom met Benner’s standards of expert practice, to determine in the event that Benner’s structure was relevant. Specifically, the research attempted to react to criticisms of Benner’s type of expert practice.

Critics in the Benner version view pure intuition as improper to use in medical practice, that they view being a scientific, evidence-based exercise of knowledge (Lyneham, Parkinson, Denholm, 08, p. 381). Not only does Benner allow for intuition to be employed; she respect it since the highest manifestation of medical practice. It should be underlined that Benner will not disregard or perhaps discount the advantages of the doctor to have specialized, research-based knowledge but opinions the purchase of these skills as part of the earlier periods of attaining expertise. Defenders of the Benner model thus counter that Benner is usually hardly anti-science, but rather that Benner strives to underline nursing’s basis in an individual, patient-focused way and a craft that is certainly honed simply by years of knowledge. Nursing, in other words, requires book knowledge yet expertise can not be honed by reading alone. Nursing is definitely an art in addition to a science.

One of the challenges of studying the Benner model is the difficulty of determining what is intended by instinct at all while an object of study. In contrast to years of schooling or the range of degrees held by a health professional, intuition is not a thing that can be quantified. This is one of the reasons the research workers selected a qualitative strategy. Intuition, based on the researchers’ criteria, is defined as expertise which is “non-inferential” in character, is not really strictly rational, and occurs “below the threshold of consciousness” (Lyneham, Parkinson, Denholm, 2008, s. 382). The study involved a voluntary test of one guy nurse and 13 girl nurses with 5 or even more years of knowledge in Aussie emergency areas. The creators used a number of semi-structured interviews to gather data. What emerged is that the professional nurses most had distinct practices and used their particular intuition in various ways, although all appeared to operate

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