1 . Short run success evaluated based on stakeholders benefit and motive analysis: –

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Gain & Determination (Stakeholders)Indicator: Success/Good Performance Political Context

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1 . Get highest share of working profits.

Revenue was triple by IDR 100 Million

to over IDR 300 , 000, 000 per year.

2 . The revenue originate from the city’s

70 % share in the terminal

operating profits.

three or more. Removal of joining public capital constraint even though private partnership Motive: Fullfill mandate to supply public facilities

Financial achievements-

-In term of Revenue for both government and

PPTK shareholders

-Acceleration of infrastructure provision

-Reduced whole life costs

-Reduce overall monetary risk for

governance

Company Context

1 . Provide opportunity to local resident with sprit “Jogjanese invest for Jogja Development. 2 . Income was stronger than forecasted “more profit.

3. The organization asked to develop various other facilities that could increase the income 4. Certainly not complicated young documents.

1 . your five. Can work for twenty-eight years before hand over to the municipal. installment payments on your Motive: Forecasted return on investment depending on equity contributed and social

responsibility spirit)-Having specialized expertise and possessing adequate financial durability -Strong Corporations with suitable resources (Capacity)

-Generation of additional revenues preparing (more commercial development) -Less bureaucratic public management (focus on results/outcomes not project/inputs/documents and trapping agreements) -Better incentives to perform (long term

tenure)

Monetary & Cultural Context

1 . Top quality Terminal to allow for growing inter regional tour bus traffic. installment payments on your Providing punctually bus plan (more reliable) departure and arrivals for much more thn 400, 000 people and waiting around room. a few. Built in within 2 years with under spending budget cost appraisal. 4. 13 entry lanes (higher thn opposed) and also other amenities pertaining to passenger. (Public motives ” Quality Facilities, Time and price saving, Employment opportunity, increase living standard) -Project Top quality achievement and on-time task completion (Faster implementation)

-functioning according to its designed purpose of offering service to end-users satisfactorily. -Improved quality of service ( better asset and services)

***Complete stakeholder analysis in apendix

In a Central run in the project it can be considering inability because of the connection effect of the implementation and weakness of procedure strategic planning difficulty for the long term durability that need to be considered during the prep as well as building stages from the project.

Political ContextOrganizational Context

Poor legal framework and enforcement

1 ) Lack of knowledge of the rules applicable in the BOT as well as not so sure all the paperwork and Gloss legislations. installment payments on your The soft documents only designed with simple requirement of the capacity requirement rather ofspecific specifics. 3. The Business Value not really defined inside the contract and allocated 15% for legal documentation concern Poor Performance Power

1 ) Unable to execute the initial plans like convert old bus terminal to night marketplace 2 . Cannot eliminate against the law terminals because of corruption of low level comunitario staff. a few. Bus workers stopping unlawfully on the street or perhaps in

parking lots.

iii) Poor Economical and Environmental Analysis

1 . The federal government is just expect by enabling building commercial facilities would increase economical return of the project and will attract private sector purchase without proper supporting initiatives. 2 . The economical consideration is just about reveal of the earnings and bus charges which is not the important requirements of the economic evaluation. three or more. Didn’t perform analysis regarding the nearby city and people’s desire. iv) Deficiency of competitive procurement & technique 1 . Project revenue supposed to come from the rental of commercial space but the city insistence to build the bus terminal first. 2 . The government hired supervisor from PT Matahari hoping he can able to entice PT Matahari as a core tenant and this could inspire others to spread out shops. i) Organizational Capacity 1 ) Weak institutional capacity and BOT technique because zero experience inside the BOT sector. 2 . PPTK selection was based on claims on service and share share and not on experience basis. ii) Impractical time frame The concessionaire was going to build almost all including industrial center and fuel pumping systems within a couple of years is not possible. iii) Liability Risk

PPTK would not establish exceptional purpose organization to own and operate donation and the loan from the bank made right to PTPK and recourse every one of the company possessions.

iv) Inappropriate sharing of dangers and Unrealistic Revenue

1 . The finance bank loan rate at 14. your five % interest for a term of 9 years (IDR53 billion) can be not relevant. 2 . Earnings just adequate to cover functioning cost and debt services and a bit to serve PTPK value investments.

installment payments on your To the degree it is a accomplishment, what makes up about the good functionality? To the level it is a failure, why?

Desk 1 shows good efficiency indicator to put it briefly run and however inability in long term because of the lacking of account during the preparation as well as building stages from the project as mentioned above. 1 . Throughout the preparation stage, it didn’t receive support from the Indonesian central government which could be in the form of presidency policy, government warranty or perhaps provision details regarding the national infrastructure network creation plan. 2 . No right system to get selection of one of the most capable company for creating the project.

The term able is have got a sense of professionalism and reliability and experience of BOT which was actually with a lack of this task. This lack of professionalism motivated the effectiveness and performance of the contractor, thus damaged project performance. 3. Data dissemination and lack of interaction system as well played a vital part combined with the project creation failure. That fail to spread the information towards the right party at the most fortunate time, 4. Zero supporting managerial capabilities of human resources. Furthermore, no continuous control over the construction process plus the project managing process Simply no Continuous monitoring of the job progress in the project, not any proper control on most resources required for the job and retaining a beneficial interaction inside the project 2 . 1 Level of It is failure in the long run is because of the subsequent reasons and evidence: –

ReasonEvidence

1 . Didn’t carefully do planning of BOT job for long term sustainability installment payments on your No Intensive feasibility study with utilization of BOT authorities

several. No Appropriate Legal and Regulatory Platform

4. No Competitive and translucent procurement

5. Simply no back up policy for Mitigation and adaptability in managing macro-risks1. Badly developed bet evaluation strategy, which result of: Lack of before analysis in respect of project feasibility and risk allocation, Deficiency of stakeholder appointment, Bureaucratic inexperience coupled with an absence of quality expert advice;

installment payments on your Poorly discussed contractual agreements, which a direct result: Lack of industrial realism by the bureaucracy, Miscalculation of project risks, inefficiencies because not enough experience in BOT;

3. Poor agreement management/ongoing monitoring, caused by:

Lack of encounter within govt, Lack of resources applied to contract management, Deficiency of formal composition within government to screen BOT agreements. ***Project good practice and failure are in table a couple of and degree of risk share in desk 3- appendix

3. What should the Mayor do about PTPK’s announcement that it was withdrawing?

Situation analysis

Port bus is definitely the public great and it may not make revenues towards the PTPK and later condition that creates profit is believed commercial building development.

Culture Context Examination

The mayor anxious PTPK drawback can set a poor preceding for future concessions where would discourage future buyers from bidding municipal assignments.

Tool evaluation

StrengthWeakness

-Large population

-International faith based and social sites

-Major education hub-20% college students

-Strong political backdrop

-Clean city by corruption

-Known nearly as good governance and environmental leadership

-PTPK strength on construction and manufacture tangible blocks, roof tiles, golf cart n etc . -Weak legal and government monitoring -Earthquake destroyed 35000 properties, 100, 000 people destitute, business closed, bus routes close -The revenue certainly not sufficient for return to collateral management

ThreatsOpportunity

-PTPK and bank have economic and the liability risk

-Corruption for low level comunitario

-More “shadow terminals-jombo terminal

-Low price carriers spending

-Bus route ended

-Stopped need for supplementary services (restaurant, hotel)

-Public resistance from use the terminal bus-Minister happy to consider authorities borrowing -Anchor retail renter can entice other organization to pencil shop Stand 2: SWOT Analysis

Based on the problem, cultural and SWOT evaluation, suggestion to Mayor being a municipal is to have arbitration with PTPK to stay in the contract but as a federal government will intervene to support the market failure to increase the positive externalities and reduce unfavorable externalities via regulating coverage. The mayor can intervene and do a lot of improvement centered strategy development matching the SWOT for the following methods: –

1 . Risk Recognition and Allowance (Opportunity-Weakness-Threats Strategy) All dangers associated with the jobs must extensively identify*. A whole life cycle approach must be pursued. This will help to to identify the whole gamut of economic and other hazards that may jeopardize the viability of the project. Government may negotiate together with the bank to provide grants to minimize the interest price and expand the loan period. This can increase return to investors. *(Appendix)

installment payments on your PTPK Potential and Good governance Strategy for Public (S-W-O Strategy) Authorities can take out a loan from central to trigger building properties and business buildings to get the 95, 000 homeless people and 35000 complexes for

business people in southern component to provide societal benefit (Strategy) PTPK is the expertise through this development place and can rely on them to do the construction. This advancement can entice Matahari chain store chain to cater the necessity of the people surrounding (Target Public). This will catch the attention of other traders with positive externalities to participate the development procedure as well due to new job development and the goodwill the federal government have. More public will start to use the establishments because of the housing development. The PTPK can easily initiate to complete collaboration with other agencies to accomplish sub agreement on protection and administration services and PTPK can concentrate on advancement area in particular.

3. Create Synergy effect (spill over) based on tones up regulation and legal framework to create space for the expansion and not directly boosts the progress the surrounding areas by following ways: – a few. 1 Approach -Boost Travel and Education Industry by simply promote tourism and education to the foreigners, International college students and other areas as it have already the strength and huge population. a few. 2 Execution and Preparing

1 . Visitor and college students will use terminal bus and also hotels to be and access their travel spots. 2 . Commercial building can be built to sell duty free goods and social products and can offer shuttle service to boost the range of motion of the terminal bus

several. Change approach by providing flow service via airport to terminal bus can maximize tourist and students that are looking for to go to airport.

5. Provide town tour vacation to the visitor from the airport terminal bus to get the new tourist. 5. PTPK can created golf wagon that can entice tourist in which to stay hotel to try out golf too 3. 3Promotion (Strength strategy)

1 . The mayor have to promote the initiatives and planning to the folks to support his good pursuits as he is incredibly influential in the society 2 . Community Contribution

The final users of public system are the common public. There is a need for including representatives to cope with the concerns of the different categories of stakeholders and the government should consider problems while

preparing task involving PTPK Strength.

5. Policy Rendering (Weakness and threat strategy)

i)Industrial Policy

An commercial policy can be devised simply by incentivize and promote personal sector involvement for creation of industrial infrastructure in the region. Directed incentives may be presented to industrial expenditure in the form of curiosity subsidy, system development as well as capital purchase subsidy, permission from electrical power duty, permission from stamps duty and entry duty, ii)Road Sector Policy

Earthquake has indulged the visitors system and efficient road network is essential both for national the usage as well as for socio-economic development.

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