The rebellion began on Feb, 23rd, 1763 on Plantation Magdalenenberg on the Canje Riv. The slaves rebelled, protesting harsh and inhumane treatment, and required control of the location. By Drive, the mutiny spread to the Berbice Lake. As plantation after plantation fell for the slaves, the European populace fled. Sooner or later only half the whites who lived in the colony remained.

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Led simply by Cuffy (also Coffy or perhaps Kofi) a domestic or perhaps house servant from Planting Lilienburg (now the national hero of Guyana), the rebels found number regarding 3, 000 and vulnerable European control of the Guianas.

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Cuffy create his headquarters at Plantation Hollandia and Zeelandia in March 1763. The whites in the colony of Berbice, who were under the governorship of Truck Hoogenheim, retreated to Fortification Nassau and Peerboom pertaining to refuge.

In March third, 1763, 1000 blacks underneath Casala bombarded Plantation Peerboom. Moreover, in March eighth, 1763, Texas chief Van Hoogenheim abandoned Fort Nassau. During this period Governor Truck Hoogenheim received soldiers coming from Surinam and journeyed in the Berbice River to Dageraad.

Dageraad was unsuccessfully attacked by Akara (a general in Cuffy’s slave rebel army).

In Apr, 1963, Cuffy sent a letter to Governor Vehicle Hoogenheim with regards to the division of Berbice. Van Hoogenheimn obtained rearrangements from Gravesande, Governor of Essequibo, a neighbouring Dutch colony.

On May 13th, 1763, Cuffy assaulted Dageraad unsuccessfully. Eight whites and fighty-eight blacks were killed.

Cuffy, was an African-born servant from the Tetao tribe and lived in the former Dutch nest of Berbice in present-day Guyana. In 1763 led a mutiny of more than two, 500 slaves. They held most of Berbice for 10 months, yet tribal, status and management divisions among the black rebels (particularly noticed when Akara deserted Cuffy for the extremist command of Atta) and problems by Dutch forces, led to the break of the rebellion. Therefore , feeling unwanted and defeated, Cuffy killed his close followers and committed suicide soon after.

In December, 1763, black rebels were bitten by light forces over the Berbice Water and by Upper Demerara. Most of the slaves ran aside into the jungles and the rest were sought after down and killed.

Towards the end with the Berbice Servant Uprising Cuffy disagreed strongly with Akara, one of the market leaders of the rebellion. Akara was demoted and made to operate the team. Akara later joined Atta against Cuffy. Later even now, he cooperated with the Dutch, taking part in the successful attack on Accabre which finished the rebellion.

The anniversary of the Cuffy slave rebellion, February 3, has been Republic Day in Guyana seeing that 1970.


During the a few months of 03 and 04 1764, punishments were meted out to the black rebels: (i) 40 (40) were hanged; (ii) twenty-four (24) were cracked and 24 (24) were burned.


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