short stories by simply selected females writers


An Undergrad Thesis

Presented towards the Faculty with the

University of Artistry and Sciences

College or university of Southeastern Philippines

Bo. Bracero, Davao Town

In Incomplete Fulfilment of the Requirments intended for the Degree

Of Bachelor of Artistry in Books

Cheah Kaye Rosales

Charisma T. Tabingo

March 2013


ROSALES, CHEAH KAYE and TABINGO, CHARISMA M., University of Southeastern Israel, Davao Town, “Short Reports by Picked Women Writers

Adviser: Prof. Dayenne Sipaco

This kind of study was conducted to determine the usual Kind of the five short reports.

It is also analyzed the events and character’s condition in the tale. The Formalistic Approach was used in the examine. The study located that the writings of the five authors Kerima Polotan Tuvera, Aida Arroyo Ford and Irish Shiela Crisostomo show their great knowledge of the Philippine record. This examine was conducted through the use of Formalistic Approach. The researchers accumulated all five short reports by chosen women copy writers and browse the story, analyzed and studied. The researchers use the formalistic approach to evaluate the form of the study.

We choose kind for easy to make the structure on this study. Furtheremore, this study analyze the elements used in Kerima Polotan-Tuvera’s The Virgin and A family house Full of Daughters, Aida Rivera-Ford’s Love in the Cornhusk plus the chieftest Mourner and Eyes Shiela G. Crosostomo’s The Steel Brassiere. The phase 1 included the problem and its particular setting.

Also, it is include the declaration of the difficulty, the significance from the study, opportunity and constraint of the analyze and meaning of thr factors used. The chapter two discusses delete word related books and research, the plan summary and the author’s biographies and the procedure used in the study. Theoretical and conceptual framework was included as well. In the phase 3, your research design, study instrument, analysis process and research place are also included in this chapter. Demonstration, analysis and interpretation which will employed formalistic approach had been in chapter 4. The summary, realization and suggestion were also proven in part 5. The tables of the five brief stories happen to be in the sortie including the components used in this study.


In partial fulfillment of the requirements for the amount, Bachelor of Arts in literature, thesis entitled “Short Stories by simply Selected Females Writers ready and posted by Cheah Kaye Rosales and Charm J. Tabingo, is hereby recommended for approval and acceptance.

Prof. Dayenne Sipaco


Given the green light by the Panel on Oral Defense which has a grade of _______.


Panelist Panelist

Accepted because partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree, Bachelor of Arts in Literature.

DOCTOR MILAGROS G. ARQUILLANO DR . EVEYTH L. DELIGERO Movie director, Evening Program Dean, School of Arts and Savoir


The researchers want to thank the following individuals who helped a lot for making this research and study:

Prof. Dayenne Sipaco, ourv adviser, thanks to helping all of us to make and handle this analyze, thank you for your understanding, patience and criticism.

To our panel associates, Dr . Ma. Rita C. Tuban and Dr . Patricia O. Elbanbuena, thank you for your patience, understanding and supplying us a good option in this examine.

To our parents, thank you for the support in monetary and ethical support. Thanks to the encouragement and prayers. And most especially to our changeless God, i want to thank giving all of us a strenght, guidance, knowledge and good health to finish this kind of study.

C. K. Ur and C. J. T


Web page

Statement of Creativity ¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦.. i Title Webpage ¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦ 2 Abstract¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦ 3 Approval Sheet¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦. v Acknowledgement ¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦. vi Table of Contents ¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦. vii List of Tables ¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦. x List of Figures ¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦. xi


1 . THE PROBLEM AS WELL AS ITS SETTING ¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦ 1 Statement of the Trouble ¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦.. Significance of the Examine ¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦.. Opportunity and Limitation ¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦.. Meaning of Terms ¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦.. 2 . REVIEW OF RELATED LITERARY WORKS AND RESEARCH

Related Literary works ¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦ Story Summary ¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦ Related Research ¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦ Testimonies on The Virgin ¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦ Testimonies on A Property Full of Children ¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦. Testimonies on Love in the Cornhusk ¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦ Tales on The Chieftest Mourner ¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦ Testimonies for the Steel Brassiere ¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦ Formalistic Approach ¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦ Conceptual Construction ¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦ a few. METHOD

Research Design ¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦ Research Instrument ¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦ Research Locale ¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦

Study Procedure ¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦ 4. DISPLAY, ANALYSIS AND

INTERPRETATION OF INFORMATION ¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦. Type and Content material ¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦. Elements ¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦. Comparison of the Brief Stories ¦¦¦¦¦.. Analysis Info ¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦. a few. SUMMARY, SUMMARY AND ADVICE ¦¦. Synopsis ¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦. Bottom line ¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦. Recommendation ¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦. SORTIE

Appendix A Table

The Virgin mobile ¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦. A home Full of Daughters ¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦.. Like in the Cornhusk ¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦. The Chieftest Mourner ¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦. The Steel Brassiere ¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦.. The Five Brief Stories

The Virgin by simply Kerima Polotan-Tuvera¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦. A House Filled with Daughters by Kerime Polotan-Tuvera¦¦¦ Love in the Cornhusk by Aida Rivera-Ford¦¦¦¦¦¦¦.. The Chieftest Mourner by simply Aida Arroyo Ford¦¦¦¦¦¦¦ The Steel Brassiere by Eye Shiela G. Crisostomo¦¦¦¦¦ BIBLIOGRAPHY




1 . 1 Conceptual Platform ¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦ 1 . 2 Plot Structure ¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦¦

Chapter you


Literature is the skill of created work and may, in some circumstances, refer exclusively to released sources. The word literature actually means “things made from letters and the pendant pro toto term “letters is sometimes utilized to signify “literature,  as with the figures of presentation “arts and letters and “man of letters. A shorter story is known as a brief operate literature, usually written in narrative prose. In so doing, brief stories make use of plot, vibration and other active components to a far greater level than is usually typical of an anecdote, but to a much lesser degree than a story. While the brief story is largely distinct from the novel, writers of both generally draw from a common pool area of fictional techniques. In Philippines, the most known literature was written during the Spanish period and the 1st half of the 20th century in Spanish terminology. It includes the legends of prehistory, and the colonial legacy of the Philippines.

The history of Filipino females writers is an account showing how they started to be literary “mistresses of the ink and “lady pen-pushers who also created works of fictional or factual and historical storybooks, beautifully constructed wording, novels, brief stories, works, biographies, facture and other known writing genres. Writing in English, Spanish, Filipino and also other languages, girl writers from the archipelago utilized literature, in comparison with the oral tradition from the past, while the living voices with their personal experiences, thoughts, mind, concepts of themselves, contemporary society, politics, Korea and universe history. The challenge that the experts have realized that some of us have poor on paper skills particularly the college students currently.

The advocates believe that proper use of components, which are the key ingredients on paper prowess in the students. There are numerous subjects that focus on the proper way of writing. Some pupils do not develop their publishing skills. These kinds of problem cause a bigger concern which is the lesser Philippine authored ebooks being released and browse in the country today. Theneed to cope with the issue is the real reason for conducting this kind of research which aims to help future Filipino writers how to use properly the elements in writing. With the use of Formalistic Approach the researchers research the works of fiction and how the authors utilized the factors in achieving the form of their very own stories to impart these types of to the future Filipino freelance writers.

The Virgin by Kerima Polotan-Tuvera is known as a story about Miss Mijares, the unoriginal uptight, typical, old fashioned and strict spinster. For a long time, she is been living within a routine lifestyle. When she met the guy, she’s attracted to him because he won’t “fear her. She loses herself when she’s with him, but is not completely. The symbolism of her disappearing literally is a way she gets with the guy. She is trudging on to a completely different and new knowledge. She finds herself tending to the man ” a subordinate ” although she did not care. The moment she found that he has a son, she sensed betrayed ” her feelings betrayed. It’s this that she is engaging in ” not every of the things are in her control. In the long run, she discussing go of all her senses. A House Packed with Daughters also by Kerima Polotan-Tuvera can be described as story of a mother who may have seven daughters, and understands that it’s not really about a thing to give richest to her children, but what things most how good motherhood the lady gives to make them good daughters. Like in the Cornhusk by Aida Rivera-Ford is another kind of like story.

But the ending can be not like the other like story that they live enjoyably ever after in the end. From this story, they’re love would not last till the end. The woman marries an individual instead of the person that your woman loves. The story shows that “true love waits. The Chieftest Mourner likewise by Aida Rivera-Ford is known as a story of “another woman. Even if the Legal wife would suffer with her husband although they are together, it’s not her, who also helped the narrator’s Uncle when he was at his least expensive moment of his your life. And it absolutely was the different woman who have did a great sacrifice to get the dad and the lady mourned greatly upon his death. But it really is not really advisable that young girls or girl should be “The other woman because so far as society is concerned, it is a sin.

The analysts decided to carry out this study because The Virgin and House Full of Children by KerimaPolotan-Tuvera, Love inside the Cornhusks plus the Chieftest Mourner by Aida Rivera-Ford as well as the Steel Brassiere by Eyes Sheila G. Crisostomo are typical written by Filipino women copy writers. Since formalistic approach, oftenreferred to since the New Critique, it presumes that a function of literary art is usually an organic oneness in which every element plays a role in the total that means of a operate. The advocates of this examine chose five short testimonies that would signify the attention from the readers to watch out for different structural relationships and patterns not just in terms and their relationships but also in greater units such as the short testimonies of the different women writers in structuring the plot, the establishing including its actual place and time and the ambience, point of view, theme and language that may contribute to the uniqueness of each work.

Statement from the Problem

This study was intended at examining, understanding and evaluating the similarities and differences inside the relationship of varied formal elements of a textual content to make up a whole in the short tales by the girls writers through formalistic strategy. Moreover, the analysis seeks to resolve the following inquiries: 1 . Precisely what is the form from the selected short stories?

a. Setting

b. Characterization

c. Plot Framework

m. Point of view

e. Topic

2 . What are the short tales similarities and differences when it comes to form? Significance of the Research

The study is intended to benefit the subsequent:

Students. The study may assist mainly the literature dominant as they expand their understanding of the application of formalistic approach that will further enhance their positive response to the world of materials. College of Arts and Sciences. This study might enhance the educating approach in literature. The study may maintain supplementary learning in studying short testimonies. This analyze undergoes numerous processes to generate a factual and dependable result. Consequently , learning in this case can be more interesting and it will help them to get deeper their very own understanding of the task. Literature Subjects.

The study can help to understand totally how a operate of an fine art isanalyzed by using a specific way, particularly formalism. These could help improve the current stragedy found in literary critique. Through this, there will be improvement in important analysis and making a quick story. Following your rules in fictional criticism will help to have better analysis in studying fictional works. Opportunity and Constraint of the Study

The study looked into the different structural patterns, as well as understanding the varieties which the five short stories are pictured through an research of characters, plot, placing, point of view, design and develop. This research was limited to the brief stories The Virgin and House Packed with Daughters simply by KerimaPolotan-Tuvera, Take pleasure in in the Cornhusk and The Chieftest Mourner by simply Aida Rivera-Ford and The Steel Brassiere by Iris Andrea G. Crisostomo. Definition of Conditions

The following are operationally defined relating to that they are used with this study. Brief Story. A brief story is a brief work of literary works, usually written in narrative prose. Chieftest Mourner. Who also suffered the majority of, the mistress or second wife; since the second better half wants to persuade the poet’s family that she has a fantastic right to the dead body in the poet as opposed to the legal better half. Point of View. Author’s decision about who is to tell the story and exactly how it is to be told. Plot. The arrangement of events that comprise a story. For the plot to be effective, it must add a sequence of incidents that bear an important causal relationship to each other. Setting. The time and place of the actions in a history, poem, or perhaps play. Motif. A story’s theme is usually its thought or level.

Chapter 2


This kind of chapter is made up of related literature and studies, plot brief summary of the five short testimonies, review of related studies, formalistic approach and the biographies in the three Filipino women authors. The review of related literature contains the information about the tale, the person at the rear of their circumstance and the evaluations about them. These types of studies discuss about the characters and the personalities. Formalistic Approach

The twentieth hundred years formalistic strategy, often referred to as the modern criticism presumes that a job of fictional art can be an organic unanimity in which just about every element leads to the total meaning of the work. This approach is just as old as literary criticism itself, nonetheless it was developed inside the twentieth hundred years by Steve Crowe Ransom (1884-1974), Allen Tate (1899-1979), T. S Elliot (1888-1965) and others. The formalist vit embraces an objective theory of art and examines plot, characterization, conversation and style to exhibit how components contribute to the motif or unanimity of the fictional work. Moral, historical, psychological and sociological concerns are thought extrinsic to criticism and of secondary importance to the study of craftsmanship and form. Content material and contact form in a operate constitute a unity, and it is the task of the critic to measure and assess the integrity of the work. Paradoxon, irony, active tension and unity are the primary beliefs of formalist criticism.

The word formalism details an focus on form more than content or perhaps meaning in the arts, books, or beliefs. Formalism has the advantage of making writers to evaluate a work by itself terms instead of to rely “accepted notions of the writer’s work. Formalism is intrinsic literary critique because it will not require of any body of knowledge besides literature. Formalistic Approach first step in explaining the fictional work is always to discover what the words actually mean in their total denotative and connotative worth. The object of formalistic criticism is to discover the key for the structure and meaning in the literary function. Related Literary works

This component includes the summary in the five short stories to have the readers a short picture of the story. Author’s biographies in the Virgin, A residence Full of Daughters, Love in the Cornhusk, The Chieftest Mourner and The Metallic Brassiere are also included so as to give the viewers an information about their lives and inspirations. The Formalist Approach which is used by proponents is also discussed to let the readers learn how the research is being conducted. Finally the testimonials about the stories are found in this chapter to have the readers a glimpse and idea for the feedbacks from the people who have read it. Plan Summary

The Virgin is known as a story is all about a woman known as Miss Mijares, she doesn’t look like thirty four. She was slight, nearly bony although she experienced learned what to wear herself to attain those shapes of her body and bosom. She experienced pushed up against the bed in grief and in addition in appreciation and thought that all neither appreciate nor glory stood lurking behind her, the particular empty shadows. Alone the area with her unburied useless, she got held up her hands for the light, remembering the heavy durable fingertips, thinking within a mixture of shame and bitterness and sense of guilt that your woman had hardly ever touched a male. She fulfilled a jobseeker man, signing up to her in their woodcraft section. They had spoke along with the interview, and the gentleman told her that he had not been married. The girl was frequently down with the shanty that housed all their bureau’s woodcraft, talking with Ato, his foreman, groing through to him with the set of old hands due to launch. They hired their males on a rotation basis and three months was the longest you can stay.

The new hand was absent for a week, Miss Mijares patiently lay on that Tuesday he first did not report for a few reasons. Till, Miss Mijares got upset when your woman knew that the man humiliated to him that he wasn’t hitched. It rained that evening in one of the city’s fierce, unexpected thunder storms. Unexpectedly, it seemed to shine outdoors Miss Mijares’ window a gray, unhappy look. Plus the man phone calls her and apologized with her about how come he lied. Up and down the empty, rainwater “beaten road she viewed. It was like that all simultaneously everyone else got died and in addition they were in the world, alone. In her secret heart, Miss Mijares’ young dreams fluttered faintly to life, seeming gigantic in the rainfall, near this man, appearing monstrous nevertheless sweet overpowering.

She planned to go away from him but he had moved and brushed against her and where his touch experienced fallen, her flesh leaped, and your woman recalled how his hands had seemed that 1st day, yang lain tenderly on the edge of her workplace and about the wooden parrot, in the dark the girl turned to him. A House Filled with Daughters can be described as story in regards to a mother who have seven children. She thought, sooner might be she would have seven dowries or eight beauty shops. She has a house full of several young girls, a veritable avalanche of femaleness. On her, there is a lot of guilt in one’s parenthood, remembering with what heartbreak each daughter got come mainly because one experienced wanted sons instead. Her friends told her how lucky and blessed she was. She often burst into tears and so they thought the lady cried coming from joy. Yet she’s not merely one of those mothers keeping a score of what exactly the baby has to provide, like great clothes, charms, fun and happy times. She has a buddy, that your woman can say a complete mother, gorgeous in her pregnancy, beautiful in her motherhood. Her friend has a way of wearing expectant mothers dresses that looks her elegant. Your woman never ate sweets, keeping strictly to juices and veggies, in other words, she is a correct mother. Nevertheless suddenly, her friend sold out of nowhere fast with an additional man and left those beautifully-tended infants.

There is no moral here, nevertheless she supposed she would possess stayed if perhaps she would allowed her herself, with saving laughter, the luxury of some faults. Her daughters are moving their idolatry from motion picture actresses and pop singers to their schoolteachers and real-life friends, but they are mildy inhospitable to those who strain all their accents. This lady has caught one daughter, twelve to fifteen, stock-still on the cemented walk, arrested on her way house late evening by sounds she will no longer hear. If they met for supper in the evening, she appeared different, your woman couldn’t claim a thing, and so secretive and sad and her heart constricted since she realized that her daughter a new long way to go. If everything she has offered a daughter is a simple correctness, not really rightness, pure form, not substance. If perhaps she distill motherhood of nearly twenty years, that nearly sums up all she taught these people. Only because she doesn’t want them completed such a thing but wanting it being an experience for them. It is a wonder to her life that her daughters learned love from her, who wasn’t constantly able to give it, she who wanted only the beginning to survive their quantity. They lived in a large damp house canopied by historical trees and so they fight daily over the bath room, seven fresh women and this she sow, but in gay and lesbian confusion, they keep their good relationship.

Love in the Cornhusk. Is a story about Tinang, she sessions her ex – master, Señora, whom your woman was employed by before she got married. Whilst carrying her baby boy, the girl walks through the entrance of the house of her former Señora and meet his ex – young master, Tito, and the Señora. Upon getting inside the house, Señora requests her a lot of questions how her marriage is along with his Bagobo husband and also just how is it as a mother of babies boy. Their conversation proceeds and they reach to the point of discussing the tractor drivers of Señora, particularly the one who was good, Adorado. After that, Tinang finally explains to her previous Señora regarding her goal of being generally there. The baptism of her baby is approximately to arrive and she wants Señora to be a Madrina or a Ninang to her kid. The relationship between Tinang and her ex – Señorawith her family remains to be good. So, Señora hastily agreed to end up being so but wants to provide baptismal clothing for the newborn and the fee for the Priest. Ahead of she kept from Señora’s house, the lady was advised by her that there is a letter on her behalf in the drugstore, which likewise serves as the post office of the barrio. Simply by that minute, she thought that someone might be dead or possibly that letter comes from her sister.

And so she hurriedly takes her way home and goes by that drugstore to have the letter. Because she continues walking within a muddy street to her way home, the girl tries to find a place in which she can lay down her baby, expecting that your woman could look at the letter prior to she occurs home. Finally, she finds a good place where the girl can stop for a time. There is a Kamansi tree and under of it are existing cornhusks. So , she prepares a heap of this using her foot and laid her baby upon it. After that, she starts reading the letter. Following doing so, the lady finds out that the letter is a love letter, her first take pleasure in letter, which usually comes from Adorado, her partner, saying that this individual does not desire to break up with her if he left in the field of Señora without telling exactly why he succeeded. Time may not be back any longer. It is previously too late that she understands that Adorado still adores her.

Yet , she has not been informed that his mother’s worst condition made him gone for some time. Instead, Tinang marry a Bagobo man, whom has 2 hectares of land. After all, what she truly does is only to remember her previous with Bienquisto until the period comes when ever she has to leave after noticing which a snake can be sneaking toward her baby boy. In the end, the girl leaves the spot without noticing that her first appreciate letter chop down down among the cornhusks. The Chieftest Mourner. Is a account about narrator’s uncle, spouse of her Aunt Sophia is said to be useless. He was the past of a distinctive school of Philippine poets and a handsome guy. But , he was living with one other woman, the lady brazenly implemented his Dad everywhere contacting herself his wife, a confusing scenario ensued. When folks mentioned Uncle’s wife, there was no way of knowing whether her Cousin Sophia or to the woman. The narrator was puzzling more than who was to be the official widow at his funeral once word emerged that it was her, the narrator to keep Aunt Sophia’s organization at the small chapel and there were only some people present. There were two women, every taking own her portion of the chapel just as nevertheless stakes have been laid, seemingly unmindful of each other, however revealing at this time studied ignore that each was very much mindful of the other.

Her Uncle’s clancertainly made a short work of her Aunt and when she went back, her Great aunt is crying. As though about comfort her, one of the females said, in a whisper through the door, which the president himself was anticipated to come in the afternoon. Meanwhile, the woman talked in whispers, and then the voices brought up a trifle. Still, everybody is courteous. There was you can forget talking forward and backward and the all of a sudden the dialogue wasn’t polite anymore. Over strikes, and angry discussed to the tribe. After her strike to the clan, Cousin Sophia would like to stop her by satisfying her group. After all, the whole woman’s encounter became livid with distress and rage. She was standing wordless, her face started to twitch and after that the sobs came and she explain they can have dead body and she left the burial after. The Steel Brassiere is a of a wife and her Tiya Anding’s stainlesss steel bra.

Her Tiya Anding was a friend who had zero living family members. When the lady died, her house plus the 300-square-meter great deal reverted towards the government. Together with the impending demolition, she had hastily influenced to that humble abode looking to save a number of memories of your past life. One of the queerest things your woman recovered in the pile of old clothing was a vintage bra. That wasn’t in shape for any small lady’s chest because it was performed not of soft silk cotton or lace but of cold and hard metallic. The bra seemed like pointed armour ready to deflect an ax or a suerte from the enemy”a sure protection for the delicate female flesh underneath. She recalled Madonna in her revealing get-ups, net stockings and everything, her tits in similar, pointed cones. After although, the cool of the metal against her skin made a strange feeling. The bra effectively belonged to an old warrior queen yet the lady felt the lady was as well weak to fight her own wine bottles. She had married to Lindoln to get eight years but it seemed she had been living with a stranger. Lindoln was a good provider, the sales director of a pharmaceutic company that paid very well. He gave her wife a big property with a rich garden, a dutiful cleaning service and an excellent prepare food.

There was absolutely nothing more might but the girl felt the lady really got nothing. The lady took her children towards the park. Later in the evening, they wandered through the playground and spent time forcing one another in a swing. Dual metal chains fastened the swing to a horizontal metal bar and again the chop down of the chilly steel among her fingers made her think of her Tiya Anding’s breast armour. The rainfall was now falling harder and the girl was dripping wet. Trotting to the car with the kids and they run to the building. As expected, the youngsters came down with a cool andLindoln stored her better half up for hours with his how you can be a good mother lectures. He barked then crept into foundation with his again turned to her. She lay awake so that seemed like one hour before the girl heard a faint snored. Then the girl went to the balcony for some air. The girl wanted to weep.

She wished to scream. She wanted to laugh if it might help. The girl remembered her Tiya Anding. After lunch time, she helped the cleaning service get the laundry from the clothesline. After a couple of minutes under the warm midday sun, she returned inside for the kitchen for a cold glass of water. The feel with the cold glass pitcher in her hand made her think of the cold metallic she once wore against her breasts. The feel with the steel brassiere was as comforting and reassuring while the ice drinking water running into her throat. The phone was ringing and it was Lindoln. Her spouse told her that he’s friend Jimmy will probably be coming for lunch but the range was awful and your woman told her partner to contact her again. But abruptly, when the telephone rang again and again, she does not put the phone up ever again. For her, the steel mycket bra reminds her as her Tiya Anding’s words of comforting and reassuring. Review of Related Research

In this portion, the proponents include the critical analysis built on the five short reports. This is to help make the readers be familiar with story deeply. In addition , the researchers aim to explain to the group how and what way the stories are being presented by simply its particular authors. This includes the studies related to the characters and events in the stories. Testimonies on The Virgin mobile. In the book of The Virgin, Kerima Polotan-Tuvera showed her producing skills to the readers regarding womens individuality and circumstance. The story was developed passionately and beautiful for ladies who have problems about like. Based on the short history, the various people that the key character named Miss Mijares showcased had been her firm and distant behavior wherein her brilliance to very little makes her unfriendly and detached to other people. Likewise her frame of mind when it comes to working with people where she generally humiliates all of them by asking them queries with regards to their very own standing in the society.

Additionally, her existence was effusively based on tending to her troubled mother and putting to varsity her relative thus, her realization to herself when it comes to her personal life such as love and marriage was eluded. Miss Mijares is a thirty-four-year-old woman who performs at a career placement company whereinher perspective in life provides put her into a scenario of supporting first her family prior to herself. The major problems that Miss Mijares encountered in the account was the fatality of her mother wherein she mourned on that very day needing her single mother’s flesh and struggling to keep herself solid which likewise changed her ideals is obviously which built her superiority as a women more resistant. Another trouble that your woman encountered was confronting her emotions particularly with her thoughts to the new man on the carpentry shop wherein throughout the interview and application intended for the job, Miss Mijares reveals a bossy or conceited kind of individuality towards the man, furthermore the girl was unwittingly drawn to the man especially in the period that they are all were stuck on an unidentified street due to heavy rainfall and Miss Mijares motivated by her feeling and emotions to the guy allowed herself to the invitation in the man.

Testimonies on A House Full of Children. Another brief story of Kerima Polotan-Tuvera that the girl created the history as inspiration for the women and especially to people who work so hard to improve their children. The story was innovative and beautiful that Kerima was utilizing a female figure or the narrator of the account to show just how motherhood is very important. According to the account, “the fatal error of most women is always to let motherhood smother them to be therefore sold upon its large mission and incalculable goal, as to think that there is nothing at all more after that. Daughters outgrow their daughterhood and when that happens, what have you acquired but older teething wedding rings and some obscure memories?  Certainly, the narrator with the story demonstrated her aspect to the readers that a motherhood means new dimensions, a brand new level of pain, another depth of heartbreak, a truer height of joy, nevertheless rightly or perhaps wrongly, your woman fight against having her daughters loom so huge in her life that the other people drown her.

She struggled intended for air so that as a consequence out of cash many of the rules. We can inform that the narrator of the account is Kerima Tuvera, since she portrays the story, there can be connected to her or maybe the lady encountered different woman like the narrator or maybe she have experience with it. Kerima was using her creative skills that your woman write this kind of story expressing her part to the readers that staying like her as a mom has a big purpose and important. Aside in the history, the narrator has a good friend, a complete mom, a beautiful being a mother, which leaped away with her man and leaves her very good husband and her beautiful babies. Kerima wants to understand the readers that why this kind of complete mom runs aside with her man? Really becauseshe’s afraid of her duties from her husband and her children? In short, this kind of complete mother wants to ditch her responsibilities.

The storyplot was straightforward yet excellent moral lesson for those women who afraid of their particular responsibilities and then for those who leave their obligations. “There is a world past the one circumscribed by stinky blankets and damp plastic sheets, and the young mother must sneak off to reassure very little of their herself of her living so that she might come back, strong enough on her behalf other, more immediate galaxy.  Testimonies on Appreciate in the Cornhusk. Aida Rivera-Ford has existed with her husband within their large farm in Davao. In link with this, the short history of Love in the Cornhusks is definitely somehow related with her real life its barrio setting as well as the characteristics from the Characters as well. Perhaps, the primary character is a woman even though the article writer of this brief story can be described as woman too. The story is very simple, easy to understand however realistic. That begins in a situation where the primary character, Tinang, starts her day because she trips her Señora with a good feel that shifted to a different one lately. After some similarity together with the Telenovelas demonstrated in television, this story shows that a lowly 1, a nanny and a barrio young lady, can be the main figure, whom is usually experiencing twists in her life. Nevertheless , she would not experience some kinds of abuses nor having a great enemy in her your life because the story is worrying not upon these issues but about how decisions a person will could have an effect on his or her entire life.

The author made the life of Tinang centered between two men. The Bagobo, her husband and Amado do not speak inside the story but are characterized in a different way with each other. It appears that her partner, the Bagobo, is a simple guy, whom is satisfied of being a farmer with the two hectares of property for his family. On one hand, Amado, normally the one she loved before her husband, can be portrayed as being a tractor drivers, whom would wear formal garments every Weekend and a yet man who gives importance to his upcoming as he really wants to study mechanised engineering at some point. Marrying can be not a joke and to get married to the bagobo is not just a coincidence in Tinan’s existence but it is usually her decision when the girl did so, whether or not she did not know yet the reason why Bienquisto had suddenly gone. The last part of the tale has some emblematic figures. Tinang still adores Amado possibly after the girl got married to her husband. Studying the notification is a instant when Tinang’s feeling for Amado has reawakened. To cry is the very first thing she does, then, she tries to recollecther first experience with him. A leather comes in the scene sneaking towards her baby.

That snake is definitely the represent of such finding and postures threat toward her relationship with her family. For what reason the fish is going to her baby? For the reason that that snake, if Tinang lets herself be taken by her emotion, can destroy her marriage with her Bagobo spouse. Indeed, the snake is approximately to harm her child for dr. murphy is the symbol plus the fruit from the love that she and her husband shared jointly. In the end in the story, the author’s symbolisms are saying that Tinang selects to accept the effects in the decision she manufactured in her existence. First, she stands up from her sitting position informing that lifestyle must embark on; then the lady embraced the baby telling that she has to embrace her own consequences and conditions and especially the folks whom Goodness has given to her; following, she prayed and plead the luminous not to reprimand her following thinking other activities outside coming from her marriage saying that the lady realizes that her thoughts are incorrect; afterwards, the girl checks skin of the baby searching for a few marks demonstrating the possible scars in her married life after reincarnating the feelings the girl once had with Amado; and the previous one, the letter fell unnoticed among the list of cornhusk saying she leaves that impetus without knowing that her very strong feeling and longing to Amado, in the event that is not totally removed yet, is at least reduced and is left among the cornhusks, which is meant to be consider as only an integral part of her lifestyle. Testimonies around the Chieftest Mourner.

Testimonies for the Steel Brassiere.

Theoretical Framework from the Study

The Formalistic Approach stresses the close reading of the textual content and demands that all assertions about the effort be supported by references towards the text. Formalistic Approach can be used in this research to drill down deeper inside the elements. Inside the Formalistic Approach the data are presented, analyzed and interpreted. Formalism refers to critical strategies that evaluate, interpret or perhaps evaluate natural features of a text.





Storyline Structure







Figure you


The Virgin and House Full of Daughters

by: Kerima Polotan-Tuvera

Like in the Conhusks and The Chieftest Mourner

by: Aida Rivera-Ford

The Steel Brassiere

by simply: Iris Andrea G. Crisostomo

In this examine, wherein the proponents used formalistic approach, all factors mentioned has to be taken to completely achieve the perfect form of a work of artwork. Provided by the info given in this chapter, this study created an examination using a technique applied to the five brief stories and ignored the factors outside of the text. This kind of study employed the formalistic approach that focused just in the internal elements that the five brief stories covered.


KerimaPolotan-Tuvera (December 16, 1925- August 19, 2011) was obviously a Filipino author. She was a renowned and highly respected fictionist, essayist and media, with her works having received among the list of highest literary distinctions with the Philippines. Aida Rivera-Ford was developed in Sulu. She crossed over to Negros Oriental in 1949 for an English level at Siliman University. Records toast her as the first editor of Sands and Coral formations, theschool’s literary folio. In 1954, the lady flew towards the University of Michigan over a Fulbright give to secure her master’s degree in English. Her operate “Love in the Cornhusks is definitely one of five well-crafted tales for which Rivera-Ford won the Jules & Avery Hopwood Prize in Michigan. In 1955, the Sunday Chronicle’s This Week journal featured the prize winning history, with example by RodDayao. From N. V. M Gonzales to Epifanio San Juan, critics were one in hailing the storyplot with unusual praise, citing its masterful subtlety although also their earnest vision- a rare case of artwork prevailing after all creeds and manners of salesmanship. Iris Sheila G. Crisostomo has a level in communication arts via University of the Philippines at Los Banos. She is obtaining her MFA at Dela ut Salle School while doing work at the Nationwide Commission intended for Culture and Arts.

Section 3


This part presents the method used in performing the story. Analysis Design

The proponent’s uses descriptive approach and they are how to present your data in a descriptive manner. It enabled the proponents to explain or present the picture of events under the investigation and analysis. The descriptive method of research utilized for this analyze. The analysts focused in presenting the proper execution used in the five brief stories. The primary goal pertaining to formalistic procedure is to determine how such components work together together with the text’s happy to shape the effects after readers. In this study, the intention should be to study the elements such as setting, persona, point of view, plot structure and theme. Research Instrument

This part shows how the experts organize the info gathered. The elements of the five short stories are put in the desk. Setting, personas, point of view, storyline structure including exposition, side-effect, conflict, orgasm and resolution/denouement and motif.






(Exposition, Complication, Conflict, Climax and quality or denouement THEME

The Virgin mobile

A House Filled with Daughters

Love in the Cornhusk

The Chieftest Mourner

The Steel Brassiere


This study was conducted inside the USEP Campus, specifically with the CAS Learning Center and Library. Different supplementary info was obtained through the use of net.


Initial background inquiry with the preparation and needed materials were carried out such as reading the primary options (the short stories The Virgin and House Filled with Daughters by K. G. Tuvera, Love in the Cornhusks and The Chieftest Mourner with a. R. Kia and The Metal Brassiere by I. S i9000. Crisostomo). The sources that came from the books (Handbook of Critical Approaches, etc . ) and through Internet exploration are used since secondary sources. RESEARCH METHOD

The proponents for this research begin the study by selecting the five brief stories by simply different woman authors that interest all of them the most and are also they had being worthy of the investigation. When the primary resources (the short stories) are in hand, the proponents begun to read, assess and understand the functions to examine what approach was suitable to be applied. The proponents chosen an issue that needed explorations and further examine from the brief stories and so they were able to identify the comparison in the tales through the portions of the story, setting, personas, theme and point of view.

To gain more concepts and information that would support the study, the proponents will likely accessed the secondary options from the internet and in addition they made use of thesis as referrals found in the University Collection and CATASTROPHE Learning Research Center. When the data andinformation had been obtained, the supporters organized all of them in important pieces of info. Here, the capacity of the proponents in complementing the information was related to the way the research was tested. After the paper was organized, the proponents ended by offering the conclusion with all the evidences and proofs that would support your research mentioned.

Section 4


This section provides the gathered info of the experts in the subject of the analyze. It also contains the analysis and model of data. Kind and Content of the Short Stories

Desk 1 . It’s the content with the short stories The Virgin mobile and House Full of Children by KerimaPolotan-Tuvera, Love inside the Cornhusks plus the Chieftest Mourner by Aida Rivera-Ford and The Steel Brassiere by Eye Sheila G. Crisostomo. This content includes the setting that determines enough time and place in the short testimonies, characters, plan with its parts: exposition, side-effect, conflict, climax, resolution and denouement. The other aspect is the viewpoint which recognizes how the short stories happen to be told. Lastly, the idea, which is the central concept of the story that will aid as a meaning to the visitors.

The Virgin mobile

The storyline of The Virgin mobile is set at the office of Miss Mijares. The girl with the main personality in the tale, a single, certainly not look thirty four and not accurately an unsightly woman, the girl was no magnificence and the lady did consider love. “She had gone through all these with singular tolerance, for it got so her that like stood behineemed d her, biding her time, a quiet palm upon her shoulder¦ The storyline was advised in a third person limited where inside the narrator only tells the story and centers to the leading part. The exposition includes the setting information about the key character, regarding her life, the people exterior her and their attitude toward her.

The storyline starts within a protagonist, Miss Mijares wherever she interviews her people in her office. She went to the cafeteria and went back to her office following. Whenshe spoke with the unemployed across her desk, asking them the damning concerns that accomplished their embarrassment, watching soft tongues stepped on dry lip area, dirt crusted handkerchiefs flutter in moving hands, the girl was filled up with an outright anger she cannot understand. “Sign here, she had stated thousands of occasions, pushing the familiar kind across, her finger organised to a series, feeling the impatience expand at sight of the person tracing a wavering X or putting the win over of a thumb The complications is when ever Miss Mijares interview the man, one of her applicants likewise. When she returned for the bleak substitute office, the person stood simply by window, his back to her, half-bending over something he held in his hands. “In his hands, he kept her paperweight, an old gift from sometime ago.

He had switched it with the knife tightened the anchoring screws and dusted it. From this man’s hands, cupped like that, it appearance suddenly just like a dove Miss Mijares is definitely denying himself about her feelings towards the man and this man wills never her love. When the man was absent to get a week, Miss Mijares patiently lay on that Tuesday he first failed to report for some word from him, in the a shortage of a definite recognize, someone else who needed work badly was kept away from it. “I went to the province, ma’am, he stated, on his come back. You could have delivered someone to show, she said. It was an urgent situation, ma’am, my own son died, he explained How therefore? She asked. A slow bitter anger began to from inside her. Nevertheless, you said you have not been married! the lady said, No ma’am, this individual said gesturing. And she asked him loudly, are you married? And the man explained, No ma’am. She asked again, nevertheless, you have¦you have a boy! And the guy replied, We am certainly not married to his mom, he explained grinning incredibly.

A get rid of had climbed to his encounter, suffusing it, and two large throbbing veinscrawled along his wats or temples. Miss Mijares looked aside, sick at the same time. “You must have told us everything, the girl said and she you want to hands to restrain her anger nonetheless it slipped aside she was shaking despite herself. The lives are each of our business in this article, she shouted. 

The story ends in that day, this rained that afternoon in one of the city’s brutal, unexpected thunder or wind storms. Without warning, this seemed to stand out outside Miss MIjares window a grey, unhappy appear. It was past six once Miss Mijares, ventured away from office. Evening had come swiftly and from the darker sky the thick, dark-colored, rainy drape continues to fall season.

You may also want to consider the following: create an original short story entitled lost and found, write a brief description of your friend


  • Category: society
  • Words: 8384
  • Pages: 28
  • Project Type: Essay

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