Lu xun s diary of a madman dissertation

After reading Lu Xun and Gogol’s “Diary of a Madman”, it is evident that the publishing style and the choice of styles treated in Lu Xun’s “Diary of any Madman” are influenced by Gogol’s “Diary of a Madman”, but Lu Xun reveals the story towards a more penetrating and elaborate method to accentuate the themes. Just before revealing just how Lu Xun incorporates Gogol’s ideas into his operate, we 1st examine the contacts among Lu Xun and Gogol.


Lu Xun’s writing career began from his violence and poignancy toward China’s underdevelopment and her corrupting tradition.

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Consequently , he strongly suggested people to learn from foreign countries. He as well read various foreign authors’ works and introduced them to Chinese viewers. Among these authors, Gogol was the 1 whom he admired many. Starting from March of 1935, he put in almost 12 months to translate Gogol’s function ” A Specter’s Spirit” ( °èË) and later converted his additional works “A Nose”(*@ q) and “Spying on Gogol’s mind” (0/00Êoe÷– “æV).

Besides, afterwards when Lu Xun left a comment on his early works, he said, “the theme of “Diary of a Madman” is to expose the vice in Chinese tradition. The impact is usually broader than Gogol’s indignation and more concrete than Nietzsche’s remote and inscrutable terme conseill�. “(from the prologue from the second series of the New Chinese Literature) From these evidences, though they’d not met each other, Gogol’s works indeed had great impact on him especially in the early functions.

Though equally stories will be written in diary form, the concept of as well as the story methods happen to be presented differently. In Gogol’s story, period is indicated in schedules. The date ranges become significantly less understandable once time profits and the particular date in the last entry becomes inverted and within. The disorder of the date ranges reveals the madman’s increasing insanity so indicates this individual further detaches from the actuality and recoils into his own illusion. Yet in Lu Xun’s story, the idea of time is usually indicated by moonlight rather than dates and the revelation of his mental state is usually reflected by his notion of the moonlight. The previous treatment presents the madman’s point out in a more dramatic way while the later in a more romantic method. With respect to the narrative form, Gogol’s whole account is a variety of diary entries and in the final one, we understand the madman is institutionalized and still severely suffered from the mental disorder as he regards himself since “the Dey of Algiers” (Gogol, s. 259), a deposed king.

Slightly different via Gogol’s contact form, Lu Xun’s story composes of a brief narration and a series of journal. A man’s narration at the beginning mentions the madman “recovered and has gone elsewhere to take up an official post”(Lu, p. 7) This liaison opens up the ending as we do not know whether or not the “madman” features returned to his prior life, conforming to the traditions or has made up additional planning after an distressing appeal to “save the children” (p. 18). The opened-up stopping leaves more room to get readers to contemplate the madman’s mindset and his degree of madness.

Likewise, they both used madmen to express their themes, but still there is difference between the two madmen’s pictures. Monologues poured out simply by Gogol’s madman are sentimental and sometimes even hysterical but very imaginative. The moment his-self picture as a gentleman is foiled in reality, he could be capable to soothe himself with psychology victory over the defeats. Besides, this individual also composes the dog’s letters and expresses his own mind through the dog’s voice. Their narration reflects the reality just like his supposition of his Excellency’s courtly life, his public photo and the impending wedding between his targeted lover and a court docket chamberlain. But, he inhibits his consciousness by denying the dog’s narration. After the denial, he falls in to an say madness and loses all traces of consciousness of the reality, which is only brought back to him briefly after intolerable physical suffering inside the institution.

Reverse to Gogol’story, Lu Xun’s story includes not only his monologues nevertheless also his conversations together with his elder brother and a young man. This provides us the sense that he is not totally isolated from the truth as he tends to maintain interaction to people. Moreover, Lu Xun endows his madman with stronger reasoning power. His fear to be “eaten” is usually understandable wonderful accusation against his elder brother’s conspiracy theory to “eat” him is likewise sound when we understand the intensive use of icons employed in the storyline. This fictional technique not simply visualizes religious corruption in to physical battling but as well raises the aesthetic benefit of Lu Xun’s history.

Both stories intend to reveal social disgusting and injustice through the victimization of the madmen, but Lu Xun’s work explores the themes more thoroughly and provides remedies for the corrupting tradition. It is because Lu Xun’s madman deeply grudges against the contaminants of the custom and his position is never reconciling with it while Gogol’s madman is not so aware about the cause of cultural injustice but still maintains the hierarchical concept that limits his further more exploration. In Gogol’s account, the main topic is to uncover social hierarchy that asphyxiates social mobility and propagates the idea of inequality. Upper class looks forward to all benefits while reduced class is definitely deprived coming from all possibilities to improve their ridicule. In the story, though the protagonist is quite experienced as he knows German and reads tremendously, he can only work as a clerk and “sharpen quills for his Excellency. “(Gogol, p. 40) The culture offers not any chance for him to display his talent.

Frustrated by the reality, he can only gratify himself in the fantasy and so becomes a madman. It is the interpersonal inequality that drives him crazy. In Lu Xun’s work, the theme should be to expose the faults in the tradition. Thus, Lu Xun’s madman is very conscious to reveal details of the faults in the tradition. Feudalistic beliefs like social structure and course conflict will be mentioned although Confucian values are the many criticized because they uphold and strengthen feudalism. Therefore Confucianism’s essences, virtue and values, are undermined into shallow hypocrisy disguising underlying barbarity. What’s more, because Confucian theories emphasize around the difference among humans and animals, the madman undermines dignitaries’ maids into pups to obnubilate the border to strike Confucianism. However, among all Confucian beliefs, one of the most deep-rooted opinion upholding the complete Chinese traditions stems from patriarchy.

Therefore , criticisms on it are the most severe. It really is his parent brother who “stigmatizes him as a madman. “(Lu, g. 16) and “eats” his younger sis. This incident may refer to foot binding. In Oriental society, women are the underprivileged group as well as the physical deprivation of their freedom embodies the suppression in women. His elder sibling is the patriarch who tools and propagates the traditions in the along with oppresses persons from changing it. With this way, people continue subconscious of the corruption and pass the tradition from one generation to the next generation. Taking into consideration people’s lack of knowledge, the madman persuades people releasing themselves from the “eating” tradition but fails. Therefore, he understands he can simply place his hope on the new era who has certainly not been diseased by Confucianism to remedy the ingrained tradition and liberate peoples’ minds.

Assessing these two performs, we can locate some traces of Gogol’s influence in Lu Xun’s story. But, Lu Xun exhibited his creativity and infused new elements into the story to create it not basically an fake but a pioneering piece of writing in Oriental literary history.


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