How technology shapes unfortunate occurances essay
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Role of Technology in Reducing and Exacerbating Catastrophe Risk: A Case Study of – Haiti
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Examine just how technology(s) exacerbates.
Examine just how technology(s) reduces the weeknesses of different persons facing similar risk.
Produce policy advice that would decrease the risk for the most vulnerable.
The right way to involve neighborhoods in technology development.
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The technological inventions and your life often proceed hand in hand as well as the disasters possess often recently been exacerbated or perhaps controlled simply by technology. This paper investigates in specifics the Haitian experience during the 2010 earthquake and looks at exactly how technology written for the worsening effects of the disaster and in addition how the utilization of technology helped alleviate the suffering in the Haitians.
Organic hazards per do not culminate to a hazard, but the deficiency of adequate preparation of the affected, the reveal to disaster and the vulnerability of the inhabitants, when combined with hazard like flood or perhaps earthquake is exactly what culminates to a disaster. Technology or lack of it will hence interlace with these surrounding factors to either defend off or exacerbate the result of a devastation on a populace. The scientific advancements which have been experienced often target to fix a given issues that may be available, however , at the same time of solving one human challenge, it works directly or indirectly to cause one other form of disaster to the same humanity (International Federation of Red Combination and crimson Crescent Communities, 2014).
The Haitian circumstance after the earthquake in 2010 found the nation enter into deep not enough food and water. There was vast domains that were certainly not affected by the earthquake but remained useless, rivers that had been in existence presently there before as well stopped flowing hence exacerbating the human struggling during the devastation. The change in climatic conditions that occasioned poor people harvest plus the drying up of water resources that there before trustworthy due to growth in technology which created industries that led to the accumulation of the greenhouse vapors and final unfavorable weather condition patterns (Singh B. Cohen M. T., 2014). These kinds of weather patterns affected the farm creation in the meals producing locations, Haiti included, to a level that in the event the other system and types of food happen to be destroyed, then the people within the regions may hardly find enough food to look after them, consequently leaving these people vulnerable to the hazard and a disaster occurs. According to Encyclopedia from the Nations, (2014) rice may be the staple meals of the persons in Haiti yet simply 20% of the demand may be met by local production, this indicates a big deficit in food creation due to the irregular weather occasioned largely simply by global warming, a product or service of technology.
The UNEP (2014) implies that only 30% of the people in Haiti had use of clean water, this is due to the without treatment sewage that may be emitted into the water options and more substantially the industrial waste that get its approach in bulk into the rivers and lakes and also other water systems and drinking water catchment areas. This resulted in when the earthquake struck, the necessity for drinking water significantly elevated and the catastrophe was noticeable after the earthquake in 2010. This negative effect of the industrial waste pollution was a doing of technology considering that the industries that emit the raw aura into the water sources can be a product of technology.
There are however, areas where technology has proven to be of significant intervention or perhaps help in reducing the weakness of people to hazards consequently mitigating the consequence of a disaster, especially in line with all the earthquake after the 2010 Haiti earthquake. Research has been done and because of technology the trends plus the progress of earthquakes and the way they will manifest themselves have been noted and important data capture. This data provides hence led to buildings and bridges designs and building materials being introduced that help in reduction of the associated with earthquakes consequently reducing the consequence of the devastation on the people affected (Sherpa D., 2010).
The use of the mobile phone also came in handy in ensuring that there was clearly seamless conversation of information for the situation in the grass between save troops and the aid agencies. This technology, through the online maps and SMS solutions ensured real-time information was communicated in addition to return the appropriate help readily available was availed to the locations where it was needed hence assisting in lowering the effects of the Haiti devastation on the people. The cellphone was also used by organisations that were involved in the search, save, aid, medical help, food supply and overall functions like the Red Cross where mobile phone amounts were given to be monetary gift points as well as they brought up more than $30 million through this cellphone platform (Choney 2010).
Volunteers also applied the handheld GPS devices to develop the open-source maps to behave as courses. Through these GPS equipment, the volunteers created many up-to-date maps that were applied widely to guide the education aid groups and also to provide guide to the general public trying to get around their method trough the disaster troubled terrain. It was indeed broadly considered as a fresh media with great success story (Knight Foundation, 2011). This kind of technology has therefore been employed elsewhere in disasters which have happened following the 2010 Haiti catastrophe.
The net was another significant technology that was used to reduce the vulnerability of people to the disaster occasioned simply by earthquake. There was constant improvements on numerous relevant websites on the circumstance in Haiti that helped sensitise persons and government authorities on the plight of the people in the region. There have been fund elevating campaigns that have been supported on the internet and many persons got to add towards obtaining medical products and other relevant aid that have been shipped into Haiti.
The social media was also a dependable and trustworthy technology following your Haiti earthquake. The facebook and Twitter system was used broadly to initially pass around the word for the happenings in Haiti. Superstar figures with millions of fans were instrumental in making everyone aware of the many ways that they could contribute in helping the people of Haiti during the disaster consequently reduce the vulnerability of the Haitians facing the disaster. (Cashmore 2010). It had been replicated in other cases of disaster and hence is a good sort of how technology can help in times of disaster.
The geographical data system (GIS) is yet another form technology which can be useful in times during the disaster to mitigate the consequence of disaster around the affected people. The GIS technology in this case will help in capturing the info on the ground and sending that to a central place intended for interpretation and use. The sent images and details to the central place are then accustomed to help the persons within the afflicted areas to get tips on the finest route to decide to try exit the disaster area, helps the emergency rebatir in internet site location that would be safe from further more disaster (Johnson 2000).
The transport modes that are used to help make the delivery more quickly to the devastation scenes are of late increasingly becoming the planes. These are goods of technology that were employed even in the matter of Haiti and also have proven significant in save of people and delivery of aid employees as well as medical supplies therefore positive technology when it comes to handling of catastrophes.
There are a number of policy recommendations that can be manufactured in ensuring that the most vulnerable aren’t at a great risk of the tragedy. First there may be need to ensure there is devolved assets especially among the list of very poor of any country so that there are infrastructure improvement in all portion such that incase of a tragedy, there is a simple way out of the disaster area consequently reducing the negative effects in the disaster. Secondly there is need to ensure that communication networks cover all regions to enhance the communication channels incase of disaster, this way the aid workers and emergency response will be able to quickly reach the affected parts and help persons out of the devastation. Emergency response also needs to always be an integral part of every single society in schools and civil education. There is want hence for the multiagency strategy that will start to see the disaster response taken while using serious it deserves and act to equip every single person of the contemporary society with requisite knowledge when a disaster attacks (Vilasa L., 2014).
The technology expansion, especially those which have been targeted at getting used within the community needs