Strength firefighting can be extremely dangerous and may put the lives of firefighters in situations were their decision can always be very harmful. History has proven when the wrong options were made, and lives and properties had been lost. By past structural events the choice of choosing the incorrect attack could end up being in the papers and going to funerals for firefighters. That’s why getting a correct fireplace tactic is very important. Attacking versus protecting tactics must be made by qualified personnel early on and evaluated often , to make certain safety and structural balance is still unchanged.


There are pros and cons for offensive and protecting attacks.

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For this reason , command will need to continue sizing”up the situation routinely throughout the crisis to ensure you will discover no correction in the flames. Safety is the most important aspect of choosing between unpleasant or protecting attacks. What it all boils down to is, can be an attacking attack better than a protective attack or vise versa? The need for equally attack strategies is vital.

There are times when one attack technique is better than the other. Command or the 1st arriving engine has significant decisions to make on which assault to do, hopefully they make the right one for everybody’s safety and property.

An offensive attack is once “fire preventing operations help to make a direct harm on a fire for the purpose of control and extinguishment (shackleford, 2009, p. 104). The attack crew will certainly enter a building having a charged hose pipe line and get near the seat in the fire to extinguish it. “The most efficient use of normal water on totally free burning fires is made by a direct attack on the bottom of the open fire with a solid stream or perhaps straight stream (International Fireplace Service Teaching Association, 2002, p. 525). The purpose of a great offensive harm is for the rescue of trapped patients or a speedy knock straight down of a fireplace to save the structure coming from further damage. That fundamentally means the attack staff will take a direct approach to reduce the fire. The offensive harm mode has a lot of problems because it ultimately puts the crew in a dangerous scenario.

When using a great offensive assault you also should have a two manback-up staff and also a two man RIT team, that can take even more man electrical power. Personally being a firefighter most offensive episodes we perform are on house fires, current house getting so used to smoke up this gets difficult to maneuver your way around. Victim’s houses that firefighters have not been in and possess no idea of the home layout, medical personnel can become disoriented and confused and shed their bearings. Inexperienced firefighters can also disrupt the thermal balance from the room. Coordination between all of the units on-scene have to be worked out correctly to create an attacking attack good. From the preliminary attack crew down to ventilation operations needs to be worked out to perfection. “More lives are kept by adding the fire away as swiftly as possible, while rapid spots, confinement and extinguishment from the fire depends on proper hose pipe selection and placement (White, 2006).

Much more objectives need to be made by the Incident Leader to have the questionable attack workout correctly. A good rule to follow in an questionable attack can be ” following twenty mins of hostile, offensive strike the fire is still gaining headway, then changing to a different function of assault should be considered (shackleford, 2009, p. 104). Another option to get the Episode Commander is a use of a defensive attack. “The protecting attack mode is a fire strategy which can be conducted on the outside of the building to protect the adjacent complexes from open fire spreading(shackleford, 2009, p. 104). Fire deck hands will go for this mode because it becomes also dangerous pertaining to crews to fight the fireplace head on. “When an effective unpleasant attack isn’t very possible or perhaps hasn’t been successful within 20 minutes, prepare defensive positions (Norman, 1998, p. 50).

The goal of a defensive strike is to guarantee the incident doesn’t worsen. Deck hands will also combat defensively when a building has become fully designed and they will want to protect exposures. Switching into a defensive attack means the building will probably be misplaced, and the simply option is to go to a less dangerous means of extinguishment. Crews must position the apparatus a secure distance aside, and deploy a supply line to surround and drown the building and exposures. Coordination has to be very exact in the system of the apparatus and publicity crews to make the emergency workout correctly. Conversation has to be appropriate and in depth, so the order knows precisely what is happening around them. Building owners or occupants may not such as this approach, when the safety from the firefighters come into play, command has no choice but to protect their men or women on-scene.

Another area of great concern can be when order decides to change from an offensive strike to a defensive attack. “The transitional period is the crucial point of shifting through the offensive method to the protective mode or from the protecting mode for the offensive mode(shackleford, 2009, p. 104). One of the primary concerns with this setting is that you are within a transition of switching in the middle two methods, and you may accidently leave emergency staff without a backup team or start a defensive attack when crews remain inside. Communication has to be built to all the staff on-scene to make sure all are conscious of what’s taking place. If this may not done correctly lives will probably be in danger. A personnel liability check should be made on numerous events so order will know in which all of their medical personnel are located. When choosing between an offensive or perhaps defensive assault, crews have to be properly trained in the correct strategies of extinguishing the fire.

The training split and the helped chiefs have the responsibility to be sure the medical personnel that belong to their command word know what they are doing. The competency of every individual is essential for the mission to get accomplished. Open fire departments must have their own common operating types of procedures to follow when doing an unpleasant or defensive attack. Any sort of negligence should be avoided at all cost. If fireplace departments tend not to meet the NFPA standards to get the proper way of accomplishing these harm methods, they are often held liable and could go to jail or perhaps lose there jobs. About June 18, 2007 in Charleston, Sc nine firefighters died inside the line of work, many more were injured. Many factors had been contributed to the results of the fatal flames. “The flames began in trash beyond the loading boat dock and distributed into the encapsulated loading boat dock.

The fire spread quickly in the loading boat dock and moved into both the price tag showroom and warehouse spaces(The National Institute of Standards and Technology, 2010). Flames crews reacted with an offensive assault to try to wash away the fire. Then this unimaginable happened, and the open fire spread too rapidly from inappropriate ventilation plus the roof flattened on top of all of them. If control knew the circumstances of the composition, they by no means would have absent with a great offensive attack. This is an example of how come command should know what they may be putting their very own fire crews into. A defensive strike would have recently been the proper approach to put out that fire. A large number of lives might have been saved ifthey went with a protecting attack. This can be just a terrible incident and it could have already been prevented if perhaps many of the tips were performed before this kind of incident ever before happened. On the summer day time in 06 of 2010, the fire office that I work for responded to a structural fireplace at a residence with a kitchen fire.

The first in engine started with a great offensive attack. But after a couple minutes of aiming to extinguish the fire the room flashed on them. The incident leader pulled the crews through the interior of the building and began performing a defensive assault. In switching the assault method all of us lost the building but all of us protected surrounding exposures. This is just an example of what could happen in a open fire and needing to change their very own attack methods. Structural fires can be very capricious, and strategies will have to be changed. Neither approach was incorrect, but when things get also dangerous you need to err quietly of security. From earlier experiences, future fire office operations will need to learn from those horrible disasters. Offensive and defensive strike methods have their purpose inside the fire division. Command should know ahead of time what they are mailing their deck hands into. There is a time and place for equally types of attacks. Fireplace departments needs to have their firefighters trained to understand when the building is appropriate to complete an attacking attack or defensive harm.

Safety with the crews is the most important aspect on all structural fires. Unpleasant attacks ought to only be completed if a live victim is usually trapped in the structure or perhaps the building can be save enough for crews to enter. If the structure is not safe pertaining to crews to they should always go with a defensive harm or go with no strike method. Both equally methods are crucial in the flames service, and you will be for a long time. With any luck , the people in charge know what they are really doing and in the process they will save peoples’ lives and the properties. One attack technique is not greater than the additional if they are used correctly and our jobs will be better for it, in the event that all firefighters know what they are looking for.


International Flames Service Training Association. (2002). Essentials of fireplace fighting. (4 ed., pp. 522-556). Stillwater, OK: Fire Protection Publications.

Shackleford, R. (2009). Fire habit and the combustion processes. (pp. 104-105). Clifton Park, NYC: Delmar, Cengage Learning.

White colored, C. (2006, April 18). Offensive compared to defensive methods. Retrieved via

The National Company of Standards and Technology (NIST). (2010, October 28). Nist analyze on Charleston furniture retail outlet fire necessitates national basic safety improvements. Retrieved from

Norman, M. (1998). Open fire officer’s guide of techniques. (2 male impotence., p. 50). Saddle Stream, NJ: Flames Engineering Books and Video tutorials, a Division of PennWell Posting Company


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