Problem 2 installment payments on your 1 Tips on how to ensure foodstuff safety: Meals safety depends upon sanitation 1 ) Personnel and particularly food handlers – must meet overall health standards and take superb care to keep up a high level of private health. – Hands should be washed completely before managing food. – Injuries upon hands protected with water resistant plasters.

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2 . 2 Suggestions for parents to get -sunburn (pg 21 tutorial 501) Important info to remember concerning sun – protection: -UV rays penetrate clouds therefore protection remains necessary during cloudy weather -certain Ultra violet rays penetrate goblet therefore kids playing inside close to a sunny windows are not not affected by sunburn -UV rays permeate water about one colocar sun protection is very important during swimming -Sun security should be a standard habit proven from infancy -sun security should be throughout the year not only during summer months -persons with fair skin, red hair and freckles are especially at risk of sun damage -a person living at the high veldt gets 20% even more radiation Part of guardian regarding protection from the sun: -Limit the time which children spend playing outside the best part of the day (11hoo to 15hoo) since there is a 50% drop inside the intensity of radiation by simply 15hoo and a 73% drop by 16hoo -Outdoor play areas needs to be adequate not getting sun. If you will find no hue trees inside the playground the shade-netting or large umbrellas should be considered -all children ought to use sunshine creams using a protection of at least spf15.

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Typical sun display preparations ought not to be used on infants younger than 6 months old. -the educator must ensure that children have on adequate protective clothing when exposed to the sun. wearing a wide brimmed hats should be necessary for equally guardian and children. -dental decay (Pg 20 recommended book) Appropriate dental care ought to be practiced via birth, with special attention given to: -Following a correct diet an adequate intake of necessary protein, and mineral deposits, particularly calcium supplement and fluoride-based. Most damaging influence on diet is definitely the common intake of sticky carbohydrates -hygienic practices-e. g. the teeth, brushing flossing.

Food particles can be taken off from a child gums by simply wiping them with a small wet washcloth -dental examination planned at recommended intervals -prompt treatment of dental issues Additional actions that can be taken to increase a child’s affinity for brushing their teeth include: -purchase a small very soft toothbrush in the child’s favourite color. -store the tooth brush where the child can reach it. -provide a footstool or couch where the child can reach the sink -demonstrate the toothbrush procedure so that the kid knows what to expect. -help your child to at least clean twice daily once the next day and once prior to they go to bed -put up a chart exactly where can check each time they will brushed Question 3 three or more. 1 Clarify what you would incorporate when planning an unexpected emergency evacuation plan: (12) (pg 36 tut501, pg fifty four tut502) Certain factors being considered: 1 ) The plan must be simple, but effective, in order to avoid undue dilemma and to obtain the planned goal.

The moment drawing up your own catastrophe plan, make use of the emergency providers for tips. 2 . Whenever we can, plan to make use of existing tools and items in the institution for emergency purposes three or more. Consider the right way to evacuate tots to teens and any other persons who have are not able to walk unaided four. All staff should be familiar with the various duties which are needed during a great evacuation.

Personnel should take turns, during methods, to control several activities in order that if a single staff member can be absent, the master plan will even now work. Furthermore all personnel must know: -the location of the electricity mains -location of drinking water mains -the exit and evacuation routs -predetermined assemblage areas -location and make use of first aid sets -the location and utilization of fire extinguishers 5. Have all emergency quantities readily available usually the the principal/ boss or admin will be in charge of notifying the authorities. 6. Two several signals ought to be required to find out when to evacuate and when to shelter several.

The school needs to have a hosepipe which long enough to reach all the parts of the building 8. Educator should know which in turn children are missing in the event of an emergency 9. List with children with medical conditions who require special attention 15. Contact must be made in improve with virtually any homes or perhaps business who are able to help in an emergency 11. For incase kids need to be held overnight have the following ready: -blankets and mattresses -24 hour availability of water -gas stove for heating food or boiling water -household bleach for drinking water purification Query 4 four.

1 What advice can the teacher provide parents about the following: Reduction of HIV/infection in the kindergarten situation (10) p. 21, 22 – tutorial letter 502/2012 1 ) Keep most sores or perhaps cuts upon you and the children’s hands protected with a water-resistant plaster. 2 . Do not discuss items which may become contaminated with blood (such as tootbrushes or razors) 3. Get rid of germs on all leaks of blood or blood-stained body fluids with a option of 1: 15 ordinary household bleach (one part of lighten into eight parts of water) which is newly mixed daily. 4. Consider universal precautions when dealing with any bleeding wound or perhaps dealing with virtually any blood-contaminated physique fluids or articles five.

Only handle any blood-contaminated clothes and cloths with gloves and soak these materials in the lighten (hypochlorite) answer before washing them with warm water and detergent. 7. Nevertheless this safety measure protects every children from unnecessary illness (HIV-infected or not)! almost eight. All bloodstream, blood products and blood-stained body system fluids has to be regarded as probably infectious. being unfaithful. (This will not apply to faeces, nasal secretions, sputum, perspiration, tears, urine and vomitus unless they contain noticeable blood! ) 10. Any person must employ every possible method to prevent direct contact with bloodstream or blood-contaminated fluids, such as using water-proof gloves or plastic carriers to protect hands.

11. non-porous gloves also needs to be donned during the clean-up of blood spills. doze. Thorough hand washing should be done after the mitts are eliminated or after any kind of accidental bloodstream contact. 4. 2 Just how would you take care of a child with respiratory relax: (pg 230 –prescribe book) 2 . Reassure the child 3. Administer virtually any medication (such as inhaler) prescribed for the child’s acute asthmatic symptoms immediately 4. Motivate the child to unwind and inhale slowly and deeply (Anxiety makes inhaling and exhaling more difficult five. Have the child assume a situation that is beloved. Breathing is normally easier once sitting or perhaps standing up. six.

Notify the child’s family members 4. 3 What type of info will be noted when a kid is injured at an ECD centre: (pg 44 tut502) -If your kid has a febrile seizure, stay calm and: • 1 . Make sure your kid is in a safe place and cannot fall down or strike something hard. • 2 . Lay your child on his or her side to prevent choking. • three or more. Watch for signs of breathing problems, including virtually any color enhancements made on your child’s face. • 4. In case the seizure continues more than a lot of minutes, or your child becomes blue, it could be a more critical type of seizure — call 911 immediately.

It’s also important to know what you need to not carry out during a febrile seizure: • 5. Usually do not try to maintain or restrain your child. • 6. Usually do not put nearly anything in your child’s mouth. • 7. Will not try to give you a child fever-reducing medicine. • 8. Tend not to try to place your child into cool or perhaps lukewarm water to cool off. If your kid is throwing up or has a lot of secretion coming from the mouth area turn their particular head to the medial side to prevent choking. When the seizure is over, call up your doctor pertaining to an evaluation to look for the cause of the fever. A doctor will take a look at your child and have you to explain the seizure.

In most cases, no additional treatment is necessary. The physician may recommend the standard treatment for fevers, which is acetaminophen or ibuprofen. But if your kid is underneath 1 year old, looks incredibly ill, or perhaps has different symptoms including diarrhea or vomiting, the physician may advise some testing. Get support right away coming from a health care provider if perhaps: Febrile seizures can be scary to observe but remember that they’re reasonably common, aren’t usually a symptom of serious health issues, and in most all cases don’t cause other medical problems.

If you have any kind of questions or concerns, consult with your doctor. October/November 2010 Query 1 1 ) b installment payments on your c three or more. b some. c your five. c 6th. c several. e 8. c on the lookout for. d 10. c 11. b 12. b 13. a 14. a 12-15. b 18. a 18. a 18. a 19. e 20. d 21 years old. b twenty-two. e 23. e twenty four. c 25. b dua puluh enam. d 28. e 28. a 29. e 35. b Problem 2 installment payments on your 1 Go over how you will take care of the general health of kids: ( Pg36 prescribe book) Promoting children s overall health: 1 . bring about by onsite health care, installment payments on your educational programs- health education 3. secure learning environments, 4. and nutritious dishes.

5. including teachers observations 6. daily health bank checks 7. regularly monitoring children’s health 8. identifying potential health demands 9. teachers must be aware of changes in kids during the day 10. Family involvement 2 . two How to handle child with febrile convulsions: • 1 . Make sure that your child is at a safe place and simply cannot fall down or perhaps hit a thing hard. • 2 . Put your child on his or her side in order to avoid choking. • 3. Watch out for signs of inhaling difficulty, including any color change in the child’s encounter. • 4. If the seizure lasts a lot more than several a few minutes, or your kid turns green, it may be a much more serious kind of seizure — call emmergency 911 right away.

It’s also important to find out what you should certainly not do within a febrile seizure: • your five. Do not try to hold or restrain your son or daughter. • 6th. Do not place anything in the child’s mouth area. • 7. Do not make an effort to give your kid fever-reducing treatments. • 8. Do not try to put your kid into great or lukewarm water to cool off.

If the child can be vomiting or perhaps has a lots of saliva from the mouth switch their go to the side to stop choking. If the seizure is now over, call your doctor for an assessment to determine the reason behind the fever. The doctor is going to examine your kid and ask one to describe the seizure. In many instances, no further treatment is essential.

The doctor may possibly recommend the standard treatment intended for fevers, which is acetaminophen or ibuprofen. But if your child is under one year old, looks very sick, or features other symptoms such as diarrhea or vomiting, the doctor might recommend a few testing. Receive help straight away from a health care provider if: 2 . 3 Achild with fine sand in his eye wil: -constanly rube eye -eyes will probably be tearry Handle by cleaning eyes with water.

The handling of the head lice outbreak at the school (8) p. 133 Question 3 three or more. 1 installment payments on your Feeding problems during a child’s preschool years: The child’s refusal to consume (5) p. 441 (7th) Dawdling and messiness p393 (8th ) -understandable messiness can be overlooked but if children try to gain attention take away from desk However , it is vital that the teacher does not “try too hard” or attempt to coax or convince kids to eat, because can lead to unpleasant battles and emotion-packed feeding sessions. several.

Discuss the guidelines for the administration of medication within an ECD hub. (10) l. 136 (7th) [Table 6-1] -Be genuine when offering children medication! (Use a chance to help children understand the romantic relationship between going for a medication and recovering from a health problem or contamination. -Offer a small sip of juice or cracker to remove an unpleasant preference or examine a favourite account as a reward for their cooperation). -Designate one individual to accept medication from families and give it to children. (This step can help minimize the ability for mistakes, such as omitting a dosage or providing an dose two times. ) -Never give remedies from a container that is prescribed another individual. -Concentrate on everything you are doing and do not talk with anyone until you are finished. -Administer medication on time, and present only the sum prescribed. -Be sure you have correct kid. -Inform the child’s group of the dosage(s) and time medication was given, as well as virtually any unusual reactions that may have occurred. -Adults must not take any medication in front of children. Query 4 5. 1 College policy about HIV /Aids 1 . Keep all sores or reduces on you as well as the children’s hands covered using a waterproof plastsorter.

2 . Do not share items which may become contaminated with blood vessels (such since tootbrushes or perhaps razors) a few. Disinfect every spills of blood or blood-stained human body fluids using a solution of 1: 10 ordinary household bleach (one part of bleach in to nine areas of water) which can be freshly blended every day. four. Take widespread precautions when ever treating any kind of bleeding twisted or dealing with any blood-contaminated body liquids or content. 5. Simply handle any blood-contaminated clothes and cloths with mitts and dip these items inside the bleach (hypochlorite) solution just before washing them with hot water and soap. six.

Always put up a notice warning parents and staff about virtually any chickenpox (or other communicable disease) breakouts in the ECD centre or school because people with a decreased immunity are very sensitive for some infections. six. However this precaution shields all children from unnecessary infection (HIV-infected or not)! 8. Every blood, blood vessels products and blood-stained body liquids must be thought to be potentially contagious. 9. (This does not connect with faeces, nose secretions, sputum, sweat, tears, urine and vomitus except if they contain visible blood! ) 10. Any person need to use every possible method to stop direct exposure to blood or blood-contaminated liquids, for example employing waterproof hand protection or plastic-type bags to protect hands.

14. non-porous gloves should also end up being worn throughout the cleanup of blood spills. 12. Thorough hand cleaning must be done following your gloves happen to be removed or after any unintended blood get in touch with 4. a couple of During woodwork a your five year old has a serious laceration how will you take care of this: -apply direct pressure to the injury, using a clean cloth or sterile cushion to stop virtually any bleeding -wash the wound under running water for at least 5 minutes or right up until all foreign particles had been removed -cover the wound with a clean and sterile bandage.

A covering of antibiotic ointment may be applied to shallow abrasions if perhaps permitted -apply a cold pack, wrapped in disposable daily news towel or perhaps plastic bag to the region this can help to slow the bleeding and reduce swelling -inform the child’s family of the injury. Have them check to make certain the child’s tetanus immunization is current -watch pertaining to signs of illness such can be warmth inflammation, swelling or perhaps drainage -puncture typed cuts that are profound or ragged require medical attention because of the elevated risk of illness.

Stitches could possibly be needed to close a gash greater than 1 . 2 cm especially situated on child’s confront, chest or perhaps back 4. 3 Info given to father and mother on: Healthy packed en-cas: pg 464 (7th) Information and facts to remember regarding sun – protection: -UV rays penetrate clouds therefore protection remains necessary during cloudy weather conditions -certain UV rays penetrate a glass therefore kids playing indoors close to a sunny windows are not not affected by sunburn -UV rays permeate water up to one meter sun protection is very important during going swimming -Sun safeguard should be a frequent habit founded from infancy -sun security should be throughout every season not only during summer months -persons with good skin, reddish hair and freckles are specifically at risk of sunlight damage -a person living at the substantial veldt receives 20% more radiation Position of guardian regarding protection from the sun: -Limit time which kids spend playing outside the best part of the day time (11hoo to 15hoo) because there is a fifty percent drop in the intensity of radiation simply by 15hoo and a 75% drop by 16hoo -all children should employ sun products with a safeguard of in least spf15. Normal sun screen plans should not be suited for babies younger than 6 months of age. -the teacher need to make sure that children wear satisfactory protective clothing when encountered with the sun. wearing a wide brimmed hats must be mandatory intended for both protector and children.

May/ June 2011 Problem 1 1 ) 5 installment payments on your 4 3. 5 4. 2 5. 2 6. 1 several. 4 almost eight. 4 being unfaithful. 1 12. 4 11. 4 doze. 4 13. 1 16. 4 15. 2 of sixteen. 2 18. 5 18. 4 nineteen. 4 20. 3 twenty one. 5 22. 4 23. 2 24. 2 25. 2 26. 5 27. 1 28. 5 30. 5 30. 4 Question 2 2 . 1 How to prevent the contamination of meals in a ECD centre: (10) pg 282-284 1 . The cleanliness from the kitchen and kitchen machines are a vital element in assuring foodstuff safety. 2 . Traffic throughout the kitchen should be minimized to lower the amount of dirt and bacterias that are brought in. 3. Every area of the home should be washed on a regular basis. four.

A washing schedule is helpful for making sure floors, wall surfaces, ranges, stoves, and wine bottle coolers are routinely cleaned. your five. Equipment employed in the immediate handling of food should also receive extra care and attention. six. Countertops and also other surfaces on what food is prepared must be sanitized or disinfected which has a chlorine lighten solution every time a different meals is ready on it. several. A fresh solution must be merged daily to maintain its disinfecting strength. almost eight. Cutting planks – needs to be nonporous and always washed with hot, soapy water and sanitized with lighten solution following each use. – Designating separate cutting planks for different meals preparations decreases the risk of mix contamination. on the lookout for.

Dishes might be washed manually , or which has a mechanical dishwasher. If washed by hand – was food with water and detergent, – rinse out dishes in hot, very clear water – sanitize meals with chlorine bleach solution or scald with hot water – air-dry (not dried out with a towel) all dishes, utensils, and surfaces 15. If physical dishwasher is employed the machine need to meet local health division standards.

2 . 2 A 5-year outdated child provides a bleeding nostril. How might you handle this situation? (10) s. 243 – 8th 2 . Do not discuss items which could become contaminated with blood (such as tootbrushes or razors) 3. Get rid of germs on all leaks of blood vessels or blood-stained body essential fluids with a option of 1: 10 ordinary home bleach (one part of lighten into 9 parts of water) which is freshly mixed every single day. 4. Consider universal safeguards when treating any blood loss wound or dealing with any blood-contaminated human body fluids or perhaps articles. five. Only handle any blood-contaminated clothes and cloths with gloves and soak these items in the whiten (hypochlorite) remedy before washing them with water and soap.

7. Even so this precaution protects every children by unnecessary illness (HIV-infected or perhaps not)! almost 8. All blood vessels, blood products and blood-stained body system fluids has to be regarded as probably infectious. being unfaithful. (This does not apply to faeces, nasal secretions, sputum, perspire, tears, urine and vomitus unless that they contain visible blood! ) 10. Anybody must use every possible approach to prevent immediate contact with bloodstream or blood-contaminated fluids, one example is using water-resistant gloves or plastic carriers to protect hands. 11. non-porous gloves should also be donned during the cleaning of blood spills. 12.

Thorough palm washing must be done after the safety gloves are removed or after any kind of accidental blood contact Question 3 three or more. 1 In brief discuss how you will ensure the safety of the child in the outdoor space of an ECD centre. (20) p. 177 – seventh edition. 1 . Important of adult-child rate and group size. installment payments on your Adequate and continual oversight. 3. Edge fence and adequate gateway (children unable to open) 5. Availability of first-aid supplies six. Safe storage space of harmful equipment and materials (gardening equipment, insecticides, paints, etc) 7. Evacuation procedure eight.

Safety of kit and rules for secure use of tools. 14. Adequate protection from environment hazards. 15. Play area should be located adjacent to the building or inside safe going for walks distance.

18. Equipment -is placed sufficiently far apart to allow an easy flow of traffic and adequate supervision – an appropriate safety area is provided around equipment 17. Bath room facilities and drinking water fountain are easily accessible. 18. Choice of play equipment is appropriate for children’s ages.

20. Wading and swimming pools are supervised. Water is drained when not being used 3. two Identification of the child having a hearing difficulty: Promotion great health patterns during toilet routines: -wash hands before and after use of toilet 4. Recommendations for operations of medicine in the ECD centre: -Be genuine when supplying children medication! (Use a chance to help kids understand the romance between going for a medication and recovering from a health problem or illness. -Offer a little sip of juice or perhaps cracker to remove an unpleasant preference or go through a favourite story as a prize for their cooperation). -Designate one individual to accept medicine from family members and dispense it to children. (This step can help minimize the opportunity for errors, such as omitting a dosage or giving a dose 2 times. ) -Never give remedies from a container that has been prescribed another individual. -Concentrate on what you are doing and do not talk with anyone until you are done. -Administer medicine on time, and present only the volume prescribed. -Be sure you have the correct kid. -Inform the child’s family of the dosage(s) and time medication was handed, as well as any unusual reactions that may have occurred. -Adults should not take virtually any medication in front of children.

Problem 4 4. 2 A toddler can be choking on the piece of apple. How will you deal with it: (pg 228 8th) 4. three or more How to handle a child with: Diarrhea 4. Check for fever 5. Watch for vomiting 6. Rigid hygiene – hand washing, etc . several. Universal safeguards 8. Contact parents to get child on the lookout for. Have copy of full details available for parents for taking to health professional October/ November 2011 ISSUE 1 1) (Positive effect) = Sufficient health care features helps prevent serious illness. Also the youngsters will consequently be immunized regularly.

Individuals are treated promptly and reasonable. 2) (Positive effect) = We stay in an city area definately not factories or perhaps pollution which can be positive for a child’s well being. 3) (Positive effect) = We are in an area which gives a healthy institution environment with programs to enhance children’s ingesting and exercise as well. Problem 2 . a couple of Discuss the importance of home hygiene and mention what precautions ought to be taken by staff to ensure this. (10) s. 282-284 (7th edition) – sanitize dishes with chlorine bleach answer or scald with boiling water – air-dry (not dried out with a towel) all dishes, utensils, and surfaces twenty. If mechanical dishwasher is used the machine must meet regional health division standards.

Question 2 . 3 How would you recognise and manage the subsequent conditions: Problem 3. 1 Briefly talk about how you will make sure the safety of babies and toddlers within an Early Years as a child Development (ECD) centre. (10) p. 198, 199, 201, 202, 206, 227, 233 7th edition) 9. Toys and games and tools must be early childhood appropriate twelve. Safety measures, just like locking outside doors and gates, (installing key safeguards, or giving card keys), are effective to get controlling unauthorised access. – (Cereals, cookies, candy, sweetened beverages, and fast-food offerings are the most often advertised foods) – Several of these foods are full of sugar or perhaps fat and therefore are too calorie-dense to be nutritious choices for children. – (An additional matter is the level to which mature food selections are inspired by the child’s food choices that were learned from tv set food ads. ) 2 . The prevention of unhealthy weight in babies (5) g. 438-439 (7th) – Avoidance of weight problems should start with infant feeding. – Seek out the infant’s signals of satiety preventing feeding if they occur. – (The child and preschooler will usually transmission or stop eating when they experienced enough meals, unless consuming or refusing to eat is their best way to get attention. ) – Forcing kids to continue consuming interferes with all their ability to understand when they are full and can play a role in obesity. – Children with one or two obese parents needs to be helped during early childhood years to create wise different types of nutrient-dense foods. – Serving children nutritious foods, including them in physical activity and limiting all their sedentary actions, such as television set viewing and computer/video online games is critical for maintaining regular body weight and reducing the risk of short- and long-term health problems. – [A child should never be asked to present a “clean plate” before obtaining their delicacy. – (This is one sure approach to start the child on a street to obesity or eating disorders. ) – Rewards should not be offered for trying a fresh food. – (Also, foods should never be employed as a praise for any form of behaviour. )] – If it is essential to refrigerate a medication , place it in a locked box and store it on a top shelf in the refrigerator.

7. Concentrate on whatever you are doing and don’t talk with any person until you are done. 8. Look at the label within the container or bottle 3 x – – when getting rid of it from your locked case May/ 06 2012 Issue 1 31. 5 thirty-two. 4 33. 5 34.

2 thirty-five. 2 thirty-six. 1 37. 4 38. 4 39. 1 forty. 4 forty one. 4 40. 4 43. 1 44. 4 45. 2 46. 2 forty seven. 5 forty eight. 4 forty-nine. 4 50. 3 fifty-one. 5 52. 4 53. 2 fifty four. 2 fifty five. 2 56. 5 57. 1 49. 5 fifty nine. 5 70. 4 Question 2 installment payments on your 1 Preventing the contamination of food in a ECD centre: (10) pg 282-284 21. The cleanliness with the kitchen and kitchen equipment is a vital take into account assuring food safety. 22. Traffic through the kitchen ought to be minimized to lessen the amount of dirt and bacterias that are introduced. 23. Every area of the kitchen should be cleansed on a regular basis. 24. A washing schedule is helpful for making sure that floors, surfaces, ranges, ovens, and fridges are regularly cleaned. twenty-five.

Equipment utilized in the direct handling of food must also receive extra care and attention. twenty six. Countertops and also other surfaces which food is definitely prepared needs to be sanitized or disinfected with a chlorine bleach solution every time a different meals is prepared on it. 27. A fresh solution must be mixed daily to retain its being a disinfectant strength. twenty eight.

Cutting planks – needs to be nonporous and washed with hot, soapy water and sanitized with lighten solution following each use. – Designating individual cutting panels for different meals preparations reduces the risk of cross contamination. up to 29. Dishes may be washed by hand or with a mechanical dishwasher. If rinsed by hand – was dishes with water and detergent, – rinse dishes in hot, crystal clear water – sanitize food with chlorine bleach option or scald with boiling water – air-dry (not dried up with a towel) all meals, utensils, and surfaces 30. If physical dishwasher is used the machine need to meet community health section standards. installment payments on your 2 A 5-year aged child has a bleeding nose area.

How will you handle this case? (10) l. 243 – 8th 14. Do not discuss items which may become contaminated with blood (such as tootbrushes or razors) 15. Disinfect all splatters of blood or blood-stained body essential fluids with a option of 1: 10 ordinary home bleach (one part of whiten into 9 parts of water) which is recently mixed each day.

16. Consider universal safeguards when treating any bleeding wound or perhaps dealing with any kind of blood-contaminated physique fluids or perhaps articles. 18. Only handle any blood-contaminated clothes and cloths with gloves and soak these things in the bleach (hypochlorite) solution before washing them with hot water and cleaning soap. 18.

Constantly put up a notice warning parents and staff regarding any chickenpox (or other communicable disease) outbreaks inside the ECD center or university as people who have a low immunity are particularly sensitive to some attacks. 19. However this precaution protects every children coming from unnecessary illness (HIV-infected or not)! twenty-one. (This will not apply to faeces, nasal secretions, sputum, sweat, tears, urine and vomitus unless they will contain visible blood! ) 22. Anyone must work with every possible strategy to prevent direct contact with blood or blood-contaminated fluids, by way of example using waterproof gloves or plastic carriers to protect hands.

23. Nonporous gloves also need to be donned during the cleaning of blood spills. twenty four. Thorough hand washing must be done after the safety gloves are taken out or after virtually any accidental bloodstream contact Problem 3 three or more. 1 In brief discuss how you can15484 ensure the protection of the kid in the outdoor area of an ECD centre. (20) p. 177 – seventh edition. twenty-one.

Important of adult-child ratio and group size. 22. Adequate and continual direction. 23. Perimeter fence and adequate gateway (children not able to open) 25. Availability of first aid supplies 21. Safe storage of dangerous equipment and materials (gardening equipment, insecticides, paints, etc) 27. Expulsion procedure 28. Safety of equipment and guidelines for secure use of gear. 34. Enough protection from environment hazards. 35. Play area must be located adjacent to the property or within safe strolling distance. thirty six. Equipment -is placed adequately far separate to allow a smooth flow of traffic and adequate supervision – an appropriate safety sector is presented around gear 37. Bath room facilities and drinking water feature are easily available. 38.

Number of play machines are appropriate for children’s ages. 45. Wading and swimming pools are supervised. Normal water is used up when not being used 3. a couple of Identification of any child which has a hearing trouble: Promotion of good health habits during bathroom routines: -wash hands before and after use of bathroom 5. Suggestions for government of medicine in the ECD middle: -Be genuine when supplying children medication! (Use the chance to help kids understand the romantic relationship between taking a medication and recovering from a health problem or contamination. -Offer a small sip of juice or cracker to reduce an unpleasant preference or browse a favourite account as a praise for their cooperation). -Designate one person to accept medicine from people and administer it to children. (This step may help minimize the chance for mistakes, such as omitting a dose or providing an dose twice. ) -Never give medicine from a container which was prescribed for another individual. -Concentrate on whatever you are doing , nor talk with anyone until you are completed. -Administer medication on time, and provide only the sum prescribed. -Be sure you have the correct child. -Inform the child’s category of the dosage(s) and time medication was handed, as well as virtually any unusual reactions that may have occurred. -Adults should not take any kind of medication before children.

Query 4 5. 1 Discuss the principles which you will take into account when planning the preschool menu. (10)[Chapter 18 8th] 20. Fresh, ready-to-eat garnishes can also be used if time and budget permit. 21. Rendering alternatives for children who have meals allergies, eating problems, and special healthy needs. twenty-two. You can make certain that all meals groups through the Pyramid happen to be included. – grains 5. 2 A toddler is choking on the piece of apple.

How will you take care of it: (pg 228 8th) 4. 3 How to handle a young child with: Diarrhea 12. Check for fever 13. Watch for vomiting 14. Rigid hygiene – hand washing, etc . 15.

Universal safeguards 16. Get in touch with parents to gather child 9. Have replicate of complete details readily available for parents for taking to doctor [pic][pic][pic]

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