Thomas Hardy was a 19th century novelist and a 20th 100 years poet. As being a novelist, he was last from the great Victorian novelists just like William Thackeray, Charlotte and Emily Bronte, Charles Dickens and George Eliot. The last decade with the 19th century was dominated by Thomas Hardy. He wrote 18 novels many 900 poems. Hardy’s standing as a author grew over the last decades of of his life great poetry was relatively neglected. His works of fiction share a pessimist perspective of the human condition and life.


Pessimism comes from the Latina word ‘Pessimism’ (worst). It can be based on a belief that the world is the worst feasible and that everything is bad and tend to turn into worse. Jones Hardy worked out a pessimist theory of his very own according to which man is just a puppet inside the hands of the inscrutable and malicious push which governs the world and seems to get pleasure from inflicting unlimited sufferings. The simple fact that Hardy resented getting called a pessimist is no reason should not be hence described.

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Robust was the painter of more dark side of life as it was no wonder if people impose him of ‘pessimist’. The opinion can be both correct and incorrect in this context. In fact , there are a few factors that compel us to believe him a pessimist. He was hyper-sensitive, his own life was tragic and gloomy. For any speculative spirit, this world is known as a thorny discipline. Thomas Hardy captured the heartbeat with the rural British people up against the looming foundation of encroaching industrialism.

His novels have a genuine, practically autobiographical think because he employed many personal experiences, colleagues, settings and opinions in the fiction. Thomas Hardy’s negativity also presents actual occasions. Relationships and social problems of Hardy’s life. Hardy’s fatalism and pessimism started to manifest itself in the early the child years, as he was the result of a great unplanned motherhood, and then afterwards in his youngsters, when his family could hardly afford to fund a full education. As he grew into adult life, Hardy began to feel extremely the line sketched between him and those of any higher school.

His despairing relationships with two girls, his aunty Tryphena Sparksand his first wife, Emma Lavinia Gifford, were the inspiration intended for the ineffective plotlines of his three novels. Due to harsh culture in which he lived, his lack of funds, two unhappy relationships, plus the failure of his latter novels to become accepted simply by his viewers; (due for their anti-marriage, anti-social and anti-religious material), Thomas Hardy emerged as a pessimistic novelist and poet with the 19th 100 years.

Because of autobiographical touch in his novels, a number of the Hardy’s characters and even heroines adopt his own qualities and go through a number of the same life situations that he performed. Additionally , lots of the Hardy’s feminine characters are incredibly similar to the lovers and good friends he had during his life. Hardy in person felt the crushing pressure of the Victorian society, namely its rules concerning appreciate and marital life. Hardy, and so, his personas often rebel against this contemporary society, making decisions that contradict the expectation of their society.

Many times, Sturdy felt that he was a great outcast in the society, partly because his religious beliefs did not match up with the church’s, but likewise because his social thoughts and actions were even more progressive than his equivalent. After experiencing years of difference with the Britain of the 1800 s and having a designated desire for progress, Hardy started to be understandably morose. His books became more and more dismal and pessimistic and it is for this fatalistic tone that he is tremendously remembered. The Victorian age was a great age of doubt, of contradictions and conflicts. This simple fact too shows its effect on the publishing of Sturdy.

People were to have by the Scriptures but many took it in the strict perception and adopted the textual words purely we see in ‘Tess with the D’Urbervilles’ just how Tess is definitely treated unjustly by the contemporary society, which followed the law in words rather than in soul. The ominous effect of his age performs an important position in his articles. Doubts, despair, disbelief, stress, industrial revolution, disintegration of old sociable and financial structure, Darwin’s theory of evolution had been gthe key characteristics of that age. Each one of these factors probe deep in his articles, and increase the somber, melancholic and tragic vision.

His pessimism is also the end result of the impressions that he receives from villager’s existence. There were plenty of tragedies in the life from the poverty troubled Wessen people, as proven in this book ‘Tess of D’Urbervilles’. Hardy’s philosophy from the human state is determined by his natural mood and predisposition, He says: “A man’s Beliefs of life is an instinctive, temperamental subject.  Robust, practically, excludes from his writings the sense of splendour and beauty of human life completely. Tess’ life is absolutely devoid of even a single instant of happiness.

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