Assessment Contrast Term Paper
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Individualism vs . Collectivism
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One of the distinguishing elements in describing a culture, society, community, or teams is whether their members plus the individuals in that organization choose an individual or collectivist with regards to their very own roles and functions and the relationship with all the other people of an firm. These two concepts, that is, individual and collectivist groups are important to discuss because they help other people appreciate an individual or possibly a group about their culture and values being a group/organization. Individualism and collectivism are often incorporated into discussions about particular ethnicities and societies, and this conventional paper will go over the concept and nature of your individualist or collectivist lifestyle or society, and exactly what the advantages and disadvantages of adopting one of these traditions values to individuals and other persons.
Individualistic culture is defined as “a culture through which people watch their primary responsibility to be to themselves” (Rosenfeld 1998 423). Collectivist culture, at the same time, is identified to be “a culture in whose members feel loyalties and obligations to the in-group, such as family, community, or… corporation… ” (Rosenfeld 1998 420). Through the meanings given, it can be evident that individualist ethnicities tend to be self-dependent, although collectivist types are group-dependent. These two traditions dichotomies influences a wide range of actions and communications among people, including family relations and social interactions, education and work, and personal achievement. These elements will be used to review these two ethnicities, and determine what culture is most effective and gets the optimum positive result to these elements.
The initial element that is affected by these cultures is the family company and cultural interactions associated with an individual. A person grown under a great individualist lifestyle will be more self-sufficient and will interact with other people based on shared interests and actions, while an individual who grew up in a collectivist world will be the contrary of the individualist person, since as a collectivist, an individual will offer more importance to creating a harmonious relationship with the members of his or her in-group, and may forego self-sufficiency for the welfare of other people, which may be a step to a harmonious relationship. It will not mean that since individualists are usually more self-sufficient and self-focused, might establish much less strong associations than the collectivists. On the contrary, the collectivists encounter greater pressure in building relationships since the need to help to make harmonious relations become a duty and a great imperative move to make in most collectivist cultures, bringing on ‘unnatural’ and an uncertain relationship with other people. Individualists are free of the responsibility, considering they are not supposed to maintain good relations with other people, especially in the group one might belong to.
In education and
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Lottery” and “The Ones Whom Walk Away From Omelas”
Shirley Jackson’s “The Lottery” and Ursula LeGuin’s “The Ones Who Walk Away from Omelas” are both short stories that relate society’s tolerance and apathy of needless pain and rudeness for the sake of irrational belief and tradition.
Each tale is set in a small village or perhaps town and centers over a yearly fun occasion. LeGuin’s story happens in the area of Omelas during the Festival of Summer time celebration, although Jackson’s account is set within an unnamed small town on Summer 27th, the morning of the town’s yearly lottery.
LeGuin details the people of Omelas as happy, although “they weren’t simple folk… But tend not to say the words of cheer much anymore… All smile have become archaic” (LeGuin pp). She procedes write which the people of Omelas “have a bad behavior, encouraged simply by pedants and sophisticates, of considering delight as anything rather ridiculous… Only soreness is perceptive, only evil interesting… If this hurts, replicate it” (LeGuin pp). The way LeGuin identifies the residents of her fictional city leads one to believe that they may have become seasoned to the two joy and pain, as though they are seasoned by life itself. LeGuin writes, “to praise hopelessness is to condemn delight, to embrace assault is to lose hold of everything. We have practically lost keep; we can will no longer describe a cheerful man, nor make any kind of celebration of joy” (LeGuin pp).
Jackson, on the other hand describes the people of her unnamed village as alternatively ordinary, having on with their lives, their operate, school, and house chores, as anyone anywhere might. Jackson gives scarcely a hint that anything is amiss with this village that could set this apart from any other village in any other time. Even as the lady begins to explain the lotto, its procedure and custom, the citizens still appear to be just and constant. Jackson writes that in towns that had been very populated, the lotto might take about two days and so began days and nights earlier which the 27th, yet , in this community, there were only three hundred people and so the whole process took less than two hours, “so it could commence at ten o’clock in the morning and still end up being through in time to allow the villagers to get home intended for noon dinner” (Jackson pp).
The initially hint that something could be sinister in Jackson’s account is when the village males make a