Application of criminological theory essay
This kind of paper will certainly focus on the usage of criminological theory in the following scenario: While the vice principal in charge of discipline for a prestigious school, I have to determine what things you can do in dealing with a deviant 8th grade man student. This kind of student originates from a disadvantaged socioeconomic background and has now been caught within a physical altercation with one other student. My own direct boss, the principal, is convinced it is in the student’s best interest to remain at our college.
?nternet site am in control of discipline, Let me suggest a number of possible courses of action, adding criminological theories, to be applied either singly or together. The initially course of action will be to speak to both these styles the students active in the altercation also, their father and mother. Although it is not an excuse, it is possible that there was several instigation preceding the altercation. Speaking with the two students may possibly paint a picture as to the nature of what transpired and just how it could had been avoided.
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In any case, both students will probably be reprimanded as we have a zero tolerance policy for these kinds of acts only at the school.
To properly understand the deviant student, discussing call him David, it can be necessary to discover more about his qualifications, social and family connections, peer influences, general attitude, and any goals or perhaps hopes he has. I cannot simply classify David as being a juvenile overdue or a foreseeable future criminal. To label him may do more injury than good. Labeling Theory The marking theory claims that when an individual features deviated from the social best practice rules of world, they are defined as a late or a lawbreaker, and begin to behave as this kind of (Encyclopedia Britannica, 2011).
Basically, if David is constantly labeled by the school, his peers, and society generally speaking as a child delinquent after that he will start to believe this himself. His self-esteem and self-worth goes down and he will commence viewing him self as a juvenile delinquent. Once David offers accepted his label, he will begin to participate in more and more deviant acts. So it will be important in this article that I am sensitive to his circumstance and avoid locating a label about him for just one discretionary act. Social Disorganization Theory We know that David comes from a deprived socioeconomic backdrop.
It is likely that this individual lives in a setting where sociable ties are poor and delinquent peer groups happen to be abundant. These kinds of communities include a higher criminal offenses rate and a higher rate of delinquency, while explained by their very own weak social bonds. Socially organized and tight-knit communities are more likely to supervise and control teenage peer groups exactly where socially chaotic communities are not (McCord, 1992). External factors such as not enough supervision and a weakened social connect may be leading to David’s delinquency. Unfortunately, the college can carry out little in the way of helping him and his family out with their community.
However , creating a social bond of sorts only at the school could help David move from a perhaps late peer group to one even more conscientious of social best practice rules and social laws. I would suggest trying to get David involved in a sport or another social membership at the college. Again, discovering what he could be interested in is an important part of supporting him. We wish David to feel socially accepted and increase his self-esteem. Learning Theories Learning theories claim that antisocial, deviant, and felony behavior is certainly not instilled in an individual, although learned through interactions with their environment and peers. Because of the individual situations, some people find out and practice behaviors that the larger culture condemns. Obviously, children developing up in areas rife with crime often end up doing crime themselves (Barkan, 2009). It is essential that David associate with colleagues that follow and respect communities rules. The idea of differential box association qualities an individual’s perceptions and sights of crime and deviance to that of their immediate sociable groups.
Put simply, if David’s peer group is deviant, he will be deviant as well. Another description for that follows the theory of differential identity; David may well feel the need to “fit in and be acknowledged as a member of any group. Simply by acting just like the group this individual has decided to fit in to; dressing just like they do, speaking the way they speak, and engaging in the same deviant activities they will engage in, this individual gains their particular approval and is also accepted as part of the group. In the same manner, David is learning deviant behavior because he is subjected to it regularly.
He may find violence and deviance as being a social tradition (and for that reason acceptable) because in his instant environment it is a normal occurrence. Finally, through differential support, this learned behavior is strong through praise or reward from his peer group. Perhaps this individual see’s regular violence in which the person committing the violence is never reprimanded. If David believes he can commit these kinds of acts with little fear of reprimand or with the reassurance of his peer group, he is very likely to do so and not even think that he has been doing anything wrong.
School can be described as place with many rules and a lot of types of interactions based on a people. Obviously what is acceptable in David’s home environment and expert group is not satisfactory here. It is important that he determine what is right and wrong in this setting and moreover, in society. I will probably suggest that David speak with the school’s psychiatrist to determine how much learned deviant behavior this individual has skilled. This will as well give him an opportunity to bond with someone who respects social rules and regulations. Control Theories
Unlike different criminological hypotheses, control ideas set out to master not why individuals make crime, but why they cannot commit criminal offenses (Akers & Sellers, 2004). David’s ending up in the school psychiatrist will also shed some light on in which he measures employing some of the control theories. The containment theory introduces the chance that there are internal and external influences that guide someone away from doing crime. In house, that person’s positive self-image and patience for aggravation help sway them from becoming deviant.
On the other side, external influences like positive position models and a close family bond can do the same (Barkan, 2009). Travis Hirshi’s cultural bonding theory had a number of explanations pertaining to the behavior of juveniles. These kinds of explanations included supported exploration that identified that “youth’s who were highly attached to their particular parents were less likely to commit legal acts and “youths who also maintained poor and distant relationships with individuals tended toward delinquency (Evans, n. g. ) One particular final addition to control theories, although there are several more, is definitely the coercive control and support theory.
This kind of theory, in a nutshell, states that the individual can be coerced in crime through fear or through various other means, just like poverty. If that individual offers strong social support from family members, their community, and interpersonal institutions such as school, contains a large effect on the likelihood that the individual with commit criminal offense. While all these control ideas introduce a lot of ideas regarding why person’s may or may not devote crime, one particular similarity is present throughout. The existence of a strong social bond with friends, family members, and community encourages against the law free lifestyle.
To motivate David to head down the right path, so to speak, we need to secure his sociable bonds. Life-Course Theories Life-course theories focus on what elements occur during different stages of one’s existence that may showcase delinquency or crime. These factors include: socioeconomic status, poor and inconsistent parenting, weak interpersonal bonds, poor school performance, and late peers. (Barkan, 2009). The recurring theme across the life-course theories is the fact it is poor social provides, poor parenting, and the impact of late peers that determine an individual’s susceptibility to deviant behavior.
Strain, or perhaps stress, derive from an individual’s identified inadequacies thus, making them even more predisposed. Such strain can be due to any number of the causal factors of delinquency as listed above. A young and impressionable individual such as David may experience strain because of his socioeconomic status, his difficulty with the school, or many other reasons. The more stress one experience, the more likely they are to display deviant behavior. Realization I fully support the principal’s decision to keep David at the university as it truly is in his best interest.
My final disciplinary decision regarding the physical division between David and the different student will include several times of in-school postponement, interruption where the two boys should be able to serve out their abuse while nonetheless completing college assignments, separated from the rest of the students of study course. I i am compelled to talk to David and give him every possibility to reform. We are speaking with the teacher whom made the initial complaint relating to David to explain to all of them that he is in need of a positive role style and great reinforcement.
A visit with the school’s psychologist will also be made. Not only will this provide David an electrical outlet to maybe discuss his problems, it will also expose him to another positive influence and someone who will help him cope with any anger issues he might have. Presenting David to positive and close social bonds has already been decreasing the opportunity that he will probably engage in even more deviant patterns. Suggestions will probably be made that he take part in a sport or additional social golf clubs at the school. This will encourage David to interact with a less deviant peer group.
There will become a meeting among David and myself. Let me explain to David that his current actions are unacceptable here at university and any more infractions will probably be dealt with swift and more extreme punishments. When that has been mentioned, I would like to find out more about what desired goals David features. In doing so , I can help motivate him to obtain these types of goals. My intention is usually to make it clear to him which i am right now there to help with any concerns he provides and that he may feel comfortable visiting me, or any other school staff, if he needs to.
In closing, the key goal this is to help David by introducing positive part models, producing him truly feel socially approved to increase his self-esteem, reinforce his interpersonal bonds, and encourage him to interact with people towards a more positive method. If no place else, a college should create these principles to reduce a child’s probability of delinquency.? Sources Akers, R., & Retailers, C. (2004). Student Analyze Guide intended for Criminological Theories: Introduction, Evaluation, and Program (4th impotence. ). La, CA: Roxbury Publishing Organization.