ap u h history section 25 vocab essay

Her Addams

a middle-class woman dedicated to outstanding the downtown masses; college or university educated (one of 1st generation); set up the Outer skin House in Chicago in 1889 (most prominent American settlement residence, mostly to get immigrants); ruined war and poverty; received the Nobel Peace Reward in 1931

W. Elizabeth. B du Bois

dark leader; blend African, France, Dutch, and Indian; gained a Ph. D. by Harvard (the first of his race to achieve that goal); demanded complete equality for blacks, social as well as economic, and helped located the Nationwide Association to get the Improvement of Coloured People (NAACP) in 1910; rejecting Booker T.

Washington’s gradualism and separatism, he demanded the “talented tenth of the dark-colored community receive full and immediate use of the mainstream of American your life; died like a self-exile in Africa kin 1963, when justin was 95; a lot of his distinctions with Washington reflected the contrasting your life experiences of southern and northen blacks; assailed Buenos aires as a great “Uncle Tom who was condemning their race to manual labour and everlasting inferiority

William Adam

one of Many most brilliant intellectuals whom served pertaining to 35 years around the Harvard teachers; Principles of Psychology (1890) established modern discipline of behavioral psychology; The Will to Believe (1897) and Varieties of Spiritual Experience (1902) explored the philosophy and psychology of faith; Pragmatism (1907) colorfully described America’s finest contribution for the history of idea, most famous of his articles, held the fact that truth of the idea was going to be tested by its practical outcomes

Indicate Twain

Missouri-born author; jumped to popularity with The Recognized Jumping Frog of Calaveras County (1867); teamed up with Charles Dudney Warner in 1873 to write The Gilded Age which will gave a name towards the era; seeing that he was from your frontiers of Missouri, this individual typified a brand new breed of American authors in revolt resistant to the elegant refinements of the old New Britain school of writing; had written The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn in 1884; England’s Oxford University granted him an honorary level in 1907; was a reporter, humorist, satirist, and foe of social injustice; built his many enduring contribution in recapturing frontier realistic look and laughter in the authentic American vernacular

arrangement house

a neighborhood middle in insolvent areas; visible ones include Hull Property (Chicago) and Henry Avenue Settlement (New York); maintained to serve immigrants


the notion that the truth of any kind of idea was going to be tested, above all, by simply its useful consequences; coined in William James’s writing called Pragmatism (1907)

New Migrants

from the 1850s to the 1870s more than two million migrants had found its way to America; more than 5 mil immigrants arrived in America by 1880s; prior to 1880s, the majority of immigrants had come from the British Isles and western The european union (Germany and Scandinavia), Anglo-Saxon and Protestant with high literacy prices and an agent government, fixed easily in American society and tended to take up farming; in the eighties, this improved, the New Migrants came from the southern part of and east Europe (Italy, Croatia, Slovakia, Greece, Poland), many worshipped in orthodox churches or perhaps synagogues, little history of democratic government, largely illiterate and impoverished, favored to seek industrial jobs in crowded cities (rather than farms), totaled only 19% of immigrants inside the 1880s yet by the 1910s they made 66% of immigrants, hived together in cities their best York and Chicago (“Little Italys and “Little Polands), some People in america feared that they can could not absorb to life in the usa and this bred nativism

chain migration

people next each other coming from a specific place in one nation to a specific place in one more country (“Little Italy)

Morrill Work

passed in 1862, that aided inside the growth of higher education; provided a generous offer of the open public lands to the states for support of education; “land-grant colleges (became state colleges) in turn bound themselves to provide certain providers, such as military training; prolonged by the Emerge Act (1887) which presented federal money for the establishment of agricultural research stations associated with the land-grant colleges; the two of these acts created over a hundred or so colleges and universities

push/pull factors

push- the actual them desire to keep their countries, poverty (famines), religious/political oppression, and not enough class mobility; pull- the actual them desire to come to America, opportunity and freedom

Columbian Annotation

an exposition held in Chi town in 1893 to exclusive chance the four-hundredth anniversary of Columbus’s 1st voyage; alleged dream of sophistication; visited by simply over 27 million persons; raised American artistic standards and showcase city planning; was obviously a revival of classical executive forms, and a problem for realism

Florencia Kelley

a woman who proved helpful at the Outer skin House; successfully lobbied in 1893 pertaining to an Illinois antisweatshop law that safeguarded women personnel and restricted child labor; lifelong battler for the welfare of ladies, children, blacks, and buyers; later moved to the Holly Street Pay out in Ny and served for three decades as general secretary with the National Buyers League

Booker Capital t. Washington

champion of black education (44% of nonwhites were illiterate in 1900); ex-slave; referred to as in 1881 to head the black regular and industrial school at Tuskegee, The state of alabama; taught balck students useful trades so they could gain self-respect and economic protection; his self-help approach to fixing the nation’s racial problems was called “accomodationist because it stopped short of directly challenging white-colored supremacy; prevented the issue of cultural equality due to imminent the southern part of white racism; instead acquiesced in segregation in return for the justification to develop (however modestly and painstakingly) the economic and educational resources in the black community; thought that monetary independence could be the ticket to dark political and civil privileges; taught and researched in Tuskegee Institute; became an internationally renowned agricultural chemist, boosted the southern part of economy simply by discovering numerous new uses of the peanut, sweet potato, and soybean

“Atlanta speech

succumbed 1895 into a predominantly light audience; the speech by which Booker T. Washington asserted for blacks to put besides social equal rights and focus instead upon self-improvement through work; appealed this thought to whites by enabling segregation and pointing out just how useful a black staff would be

Horatio Alger

Puritan-reared New England writer; interested in New york city newsboys; published more than a hundred or so volumes of juvenile fictional works that sold over 75 million clones; his inventory formula is that virtue, credibility, and market are paid by success, wealth, and honor- a kind of survival with the purest, specifically non-smokers, nondrinkers, nonswerers, and nonliars; implanted morality as well as the conviction that there is always room at the top

Carrie Chapman Catt

an innovator of a fresh generation of women who had taken command of the suffrage fight; under her, the suffragists de-emphasized the argument that women desrved the vote as being a matter of right, because these people were in all aspects the equals of men; instead, your woman stressed the desirability of giving women the political election if they were to continue to discharge their classic duties because homemakers and mothers in the increasingly public world of the town; women acquired the unique responsibility for the sake of the along with the education with the children; they needed a voice upon boards of public health, authorities commissions, and school boards to fulfill these types of responsibilities in the city; by simply linking the ballot to a traditional meaning of women’s role, suffragists built gains in the early 1900s


antiforeignism; handled off by Irish and German arrivals in the 1840s and 1850s; fear of staying outbred, outvoted, and combining “fairer Anglo-Saxon blood with “inferior southern European bloodstream; blamed migrants for the degradation of urban government; angered to get immigrants currently taking low pay (made well-paying jobs harder to find); anger for immigrants taking doctrines just like socialism, the reds, and anarchism to America; organizations against immigrants included the American Protective Relationship (antiforeign) and arranged labor (due to economical strain of immigration); 1882, first restricted law banged the door shut in the faces of paupers, scammers, and convicts; 1885, Our elected representatives prohibited the importation of foreign staff under contract, usually for substandard salary; 1882, legislation to forbid Chinese migration

discolored journalism

gets its name from your colored comedian “Yellow Kid in the New York World; form of news sensationalism; flair for scandal and sensational murmullo; sex, scandal, and other human-interest stories burst open into the head lines, as vulgarization of the press accompanied the growth of circulation; done by Paul Pulitzer (New York World) versus Bill Randolph Hearst (San Francisco Examiner)

Hull Home

the most prominent American settlement house; founded in Chi town in 1889 by Jane Addams; situated in a poor zuzügler neighborhood of Greeks, Italians, Russians, and Germans; provided instruction in English, guidance to help beginners cope with American big-city your life, child-care companies for working mothers, and cultural activities for neighborhood residents

American Defensive Association

an antiforeign organization created in 1887; soon claimed a million members; advised voting against Roman Catholic candidates intended for office and sponsored the publication of slanderous components against immigrants

Could Christian Temperance Union

arranged in 1874 to push to get the forbidance of alcohol and business lead by Frances E. Willard (also a champion of planned parenthood); another leader was Barbara A. Region, who created saloon containers and pubs which brought considerable disrepute to the forbidance movement due to violence of her one-woman crusade; the white bows was their symbol of purity

Ellis Area

a portal on an area in the Nyc Harbor through which immigrants came into America; specified as the site of the first Federal immigration station in 1890 by simply President Benjamin Harrison; this kind of station was used by a many immigrants


  • Category: law
  • Words: 2020
  • Pages: 7
  • Project Type: Essay

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