Rizal left European countries for Hong Kong, where he existed from Nov 1891 to June 1892. His reasons behind leaving European countries were:
lifestyle was unbearable in European countries because of his political differences with M. H.
delete Pilar and also other Filipinos in Spain. to be close to his idolized Philippines and family.
FAREWELL TO THE EUROPEAN COUNTRIES
Rizal still left Ghent intended for Paris about October a few, 1891
This individual proceeded by train to Marseilles and October 18, he boarded the machine Melbourne sure for Hong Kong. He brought with him a notification of recommendation simply by Juan Escaparate for Manuel Camus, a compatriot surviving in Singapore, and 600 clones of the Fili Manuel Camus
-During that point, he was students and was performed as a mason on March 12, 1898 at Zetland in the East Lodge Simply no 508 in Singapore under the jurisdiction from the M. W. Grand Resort of Great britain. He then became a Senator of the Philippines on his later years. There were over 80 1st class passengers ” mostly Europeans, including a couple of Spaniards This individual befriended various missionaries and one of them is definitely Fr. Fuchs, a Tyrolese, which this individual enjoyed playing chess with. He even wrote to Blumentritt saying: “.. He is a fine fellow, a Father Damaso devoid of pride and malice..
RIZAL AND THE GERMAN GIRLS
“One evening at a dinner time the passengers were having their very own meal in the dining room. Rizal, being the sole Asian, was eating alone at one particular table. Near him was obviously a bigger stand occupied by some German born ladies who had been gaily consuming and gossiping about the lone Hard anodized cookware male who had been quietly choosing his meals. Rizal, who had been fluent in German, recognized what the buzzin German ladies were stating about him, although he just kept silent, letting the ladies enjoy all their gossip.
Instantly the quickly running steamer encountered a heavysquall and the door in the dining room was blown wide open. Nobody among the list of passengers who were busy eating stood approximately close the doorway. A lady said to her companions in German: “If this man looking at us had been a man he would close the door. Upon hearing her remark, Rizal, without saying anything, rose and closed the door, after which he resumed his seat. Then he conversed with German ladies in best German. Naturally , the German ladies were very much uncomfortable, and, thereafter they remedied Rizal with admiration and respect, in spite of his brown skin, for he was a cultured man.
ARRIVED IN HONG KONG
The fall of 20, 1891 ” Rizal arrived in Hong Kong
He was welcome by the Filipino residents, especially his older friend, Jose Ma. Basa. He then set up his home at No. five D’ Aguilar Street, Number 2 Rednaxola Terrace, in which he also exposed his medical clinic. January 1, 1891 ” he wrote his parents asking their agreement to return house. On the same particular date, his brother-in-law, Manuel To. Hidalgo, dispatched him a letter, relating the unhappy news in the “deportation of twenty-five persons from Calamba, including daddy, Neneng, Sisa, Lucia, Paciano, and the rest of us. Also set by his letter that he was preparing a letter towards the Queen Regent of Italy explaining the Calamba scenario in order to secure justice. Actually saying including: “If the Queen will not likely listen, we will create to Full Victoria of England interesting for security in the name of humanity¦
FAMILY RE-UNION IN HK
Before Xmas of 1891, he was gladdened by the appearance of his father, sibling and Atroz Ubaldo (his brother-in-law) in Hong Kong. Not long afterwards his mother and sisters Lucia, Josefa, and Trinidad also arrived. January 31, 1892 ” this individual wrote to Blumentritt recounting their pleasant life in Hong Kong, as follows: “Here all of us are living with each other, my parents, sisters, and brother in peace and far by persecutions they suffered inside the Philippines. They may be very much pleased with the British government.
OPHTHALMIC DOCTOR IN HONG KONG
Dr . Lorenzo P. Timbre ” a pal and regarder who helped him to build up a wide clients. He successfully operated in the mother’s kept eye in order that
she could read and write again. January 31, 1892 ” writing to Blumentritt, he said:
“Here I try out as a doctor and I have… Here a large number of sick of influenza because there is an epidemic. Through the newspaper We am knowledgeable that this sickness is also creating ravages in Europe. I really hope you and your esteemed relatives will be spared. In our house, my personal mother, my own brother-in-law, and one of my own sister happen to be sick. Appreciate God, they are really out of danger. Rizal was handed moral support and substantive aid in his medical practice in Hk from several of his close friends in European countries. Mr. Boustead (the daddy of Nelly Bousted)
, wrote to him upon March 21 years old, 1892, praising him pertaining to his medical profession Dr . Ariston Bautista Lin
, sent him a congratulatory letter and a book on Diagnostic Pathology by Doctor H. Virchow and an additional medical book entitled Traite Diagnostique by simply Mesnichock. Add Antonio Huerta de Dios
, presented him his services intended for the acquiring medical ebooks and instruments which he may need in the profession. Rizal possessed the qualities of your great ophthalmic surgeon. In the words of Dr . Geminiano de Ocampo, a known Filipino ophthalmologist: “He acquired all the features that would call and make an ideal ophthalmic surgeon ” a keen and analytical mind, lightness of touch and artistry of your painter, valor and imperturbability, a broad and deep understanding of medicine and ophthalmology, and last but not the least, he previously been effectively and adequately trained by simply master ophthalmic surgeons.
BORNEO COLONIZATION PROJECT
Rizal conceived the establishment of the Filipino colony in North Borneo (Sabah) He designed to move individuals Filipino family members to that British-owned island and carve out of its virgin wilderness a “New Calamba March 7, 1892 ” he traveled to Sandakan aboard the dispatch Menon to negotiate together with the British government bodies for the establishment of your Filipino nest. His objective was effective.
The British Authorities of Borneo were willing to give the Filipino settlers, 100, 1000 acres of land, an attractive harbor and a good govt for 8888888888 years, free of all expenses.
You go through ‘Rizal Your life and Works’ in category ‘Life’ Simply by April 20, he was back Hong Kong.
Rizal friends in Europe with excitement endorsed his Borneo colonization project. Lopez Jaena communicate his wish to join the project and wrote to Rizal saying:
“I include a great desire of getting started with you. Arrange for me right now there a piece of land where I will plant sugarcane. I shall go there… to dedicate myself to the farming of sugarcane and the making of sweets. Send me even more details. Hidalgo, alternatively, objected for the colonization job saying:
“This idea regarding Borneo, is no good. So why should we keep the Thailand, this beautiful country of our bait? And besides what will people say? For what reason have we all made all of these sacrifices? So why should we visit a foreign land without initially exhausting every means for the welfare with the country which in turn nurtured all of us from our cradles? Tell me that! The infamous Weyler, whom the Cubans named “The Butcher was relieved of his gubernatorial business office. A new chief excutive general Eulogio Despujol, the Count of Caspe, announced to the Philippine people an excellent program of presidency Rizal sent him a letter of felicitation (dated December 23, 1891) and offering his cooperation, but instead the governor would not even accept receipt of his notice.
Rizal had written a second letter (dated Drive 21, 1892), in this second letter, this individual requested the governor standard to permit the landless Filipinos to establish themselves in Borneo. Despujol, did not give Rizal the “courtesy of a reply. Instead, he notified the Spanish consul general in Hong Kong to share with Rizal that he cannot approve the Filipino migration to Borneo, alleging that, “the Korea lacked laborers and “it was not incredibly patriotic to look off and cultivate overseas soil
WRITINGS IN HONG KONG
He wrote “Ang Mga Karapatan Nang Tao (a tagalog translation of “The Rights of Man proclaimed by the People from france Revolution in 1789) Comparable time (1891), he wrote “A la Nacion EspaÃ±ola (To the Spanish Nation), which is anappeal to Spain to proper the wrongs done to the Calamba tenants. Another déclaration, entitled “Sa Mga Kababayan (To my own Countrymen) was written in December 1891 explaining the Calamba agrarian situation. Rizal contributed content articles to the English daily newspapers, The Hk Telegraph, whose editor, Mr. Frazier Johnson, was his friend.
March 2, 1892 ” Rizal wrote “Una Visita i smag med Victoria Gaol (A Visit to Victoria Gaol), an account of his trip to the colonial time prison of Hong Kong. In this post he in comparison the cruel Spanish jail system with the modern plus more humane prison system. He wrote a write-up entitled “Colonisation du United kingdom North Borneo, par sobre Familles sobre Iles Philippines (Colonization of British north Borneo by simply families through the Philippine Islands) to elucidate his Borneo colonization task He elaborated on the same idea in another article in Spanish, “Proyecto sobre Colonizacion delete British North Borneo por los Filipinos (Project with the Colonization of British North Borneo by the Filipinos) June 1892 ” he composed “La Lato Roja (The Red Hand) which denounces the repeated outbreaks of intentional fires in Manila. “Constitution in the Liga Filipina
, printed in 1892, was the most significant writing made by Rizal during his Hong Kong sojourn To deceived the Spanish authorities, the published copies provides the fake information which the printing was done by the LONDON STAMPING PRESS, Number 25, Khulug Street, London. The idea of developing the Aleación Filipina was originally conceived by Jose Ma. Basa, but it was Rizal who wrote its constitution and realized it is establishment.
DECISION TO RETURN TO MANILA
May 1892 “Rizal made his head to return to Manila
The decision was spurred by following:
1 . ) To confer with Chief of the servants Despujol with regards to his Borneo colonization job.
2 . ) To establish the Liga Filipina in Manila
3. ) To provide evidence that Eduardo para Lete was wrong in attacking him in This town that this individual being secure and safe in Hong Kong, acquired abandoned the country’s cause. Lete’s harm which was published in La Solidaridad about April 15, 1892, portrayed Rizal since cowardly, egoistic, opportunistic ” a patriot in wordsonly. Rizal protested to Delete Pilar saying:
“I am more confident that you to be caught up. Friend or perhaps enemy, in case the article has harmed me, it would harm more the interests from the Philippines. Who have knows, yet , if all things considered it was for top, it has shaken me conscious, and after a long peace and quiet I your field freshly… I am going to stimulate the Promozione again and fortify the Liga. To Ponce, Rizal confided on May twenty-three, 1892:
“I am very sorry that Del Base allowed the content to be released because it will lead various to believe that there is really a schism among us. I believe that we can well have got little disbelief and personal variations among yourself, without demonstrating them in public.. As for personally… I always meet criticisms since they boost those who wish to be improved
PREVIOUS HONG KONG LETTERS
On June 19, 1892 he spent his thirty first birthday in Hong Kong.
Evidently, he had premonition of his death, for the following working day, June twenty he published two albhabets which he sealed, inscribed in every envelop “to be exposed after my personal death, and provided them to his friend, Dr . Marques pertaining to safekeeping. The first notification was resolved TO MY PARENTS, BRETHREN, AND FRIENDS, is as follows:
“The affection that we have at any time professed for yourself suggests this step, and time alone can tell whether or not it truly is sensible. The results judges issues according to the consequences, but whether or not the result always be favorable or perhaps unfavorable, it may always be declared that duty advised me, therefore if I die in doing it, it will not subject.
I realize just how much suffering I use caused you yet I really do not repent what I did. Rather, easily had to commence over again I will do likewise, for what I possess done continues to be only in search of my work. Gladly will i go to reveal myself to peril, quite a bit less an expiation of misdeeds for with this matter My spouse and i
believe me personally guiltless of any, but for complete my work and so that I, myself, may provide you with the examples of that we have always preached.
A man should always die pertaining to duty great principles. I actually hold quickly to every idea which I have advanced regarding the condition and future of each of our country, and shall voluntarily die for this, and even more voluntarily sacrifice most to secure proper rights and peace for you. With pleasure, then, I risk life to save so many harmless persons ” so many nieces and nephews, so many children of friends, and children too of others who are certainly not even friend ” who are suffering on my account. What am i not? A bachelor, practically without a family and sufficiently undeceived regarding life. I’ve had various disappointments and the future before me can be gloomy, and will be gloomy if perhaps light will not illuminate this with daybreak of a better day intended for my local land.
On the other hand, there are many people, filled with wish and ambition, who probably might be happier if I had been dead, after which I hope my personal enemies can be satisfied and stop persecuting so many entirely faithful people. To some extent their hate is sensible as to personally, and mother and father and family members. Should fortune go against me personally, you will almost all understand that I actually shall die happy in the thought that my own death is going to end all of your troubles. Return to our nation and may you be cheerful in it. Till the final moment of my life I actually shall be thinking of you and wishing you all good fortune and happiness.
The second letter was addressed TO THE FILIPINOS, and is the following:
“The stage which I was taking, or rather am gonna take, will probably be risky, and it is unnecessary to state that I have considered it for a long time. I understand that almost every the first is opposed to it, but I am aware also that barely anybody more understands precisely what is in my center. I cannot go on seeing a lot of suffer unjust persecution on my account, I cannot bear the sight of my siblings and their numerous families cured like crooks. I prefer fatality and cheerfully shall relinquish life to free numerous innocent people from this sort of unjust persecution.
I we appreciate the fact that at the moment the future of each of our country gravitates in some level around me, that at my death a large number of will feel triumphant, and thus, many are now wishing for my fall. But what of it? I actually hold obligations of conscience above all else. I use obligations towards the families that are suffering, to my personal aged father and mother whose look strikes me to the heart, I know i alone, just my fatality can make these people happy, coming back them to their very own native property to a tranquil life at your home. I was all my father and mother have, but our region has many even more sons who can take my own place and in many cases do my personal work better.
Besides I wish to demonstrate those who deny us the boon of patriotism that people know how to die for obligation and rules. What matters death, if 1 dies for what one loves, for local land and beings held dear?
Easily thought that I were the sole resource for the consummation of your policy of progress in the Philippines and were I convinced that my countrymen were will make use of my personal services, perhaps, I should be reluctant about acquiring this step, yet there are others who can take my place, who can perform my solutions that are not make use of, and I i am reduced to inactivity.
Always have I liked our unhappy land, and I am sure that we shall continue loving it till my own last instant, in case males prove unjust to me. My career, my entire life, my joy ” and everything I have lost for love of it. What ever my destiny I shall die true blessing it and longing for the dawn of its redemption.
June twenty-one, 1892 ” Rizal composed another notification in HÄSTKRAFTER for Governor Despujol. Through this letter, this individual informed the governor basic of his coming to Manila and put himself under the protection of the Spanish federal government. June twenty one, 1892 ” (On precisely the same date) Rizal and his sister Lucia left HK intended for Manila. That they carried an exclusive passport or perhaps “safe-conduct granted by the Spanish consul-general in Hong Kong.
RIZAL FALLS IN TO SPANISH CAPTURE
The The spanish language consul-general dispatched a cablegram to Texas chief Despujol the victim “is in the trap. On the same day a top secret case was filed in Manila against Rizal wonderful followers “for anti-religious and anti-patriotic agitation Despujol bought his admin, Luis entre ma Torre, to determine ifRizal was naturalized being a German resident, as was rumored, to ensure that he might consider proper action against on “who acquired the security of a good nation In the mean time, Rizal great sister were peacefully crossing the China Sea. These were fully unacquainted with the Spanish duplicity.